Study on family agricultural production in the community of Canaã, Paço do Lumiar, Maranhão, Brazil




Family farming; Management; SWOT analysis; Ground.


The family agricultural system works as a socio-productive unit that needs help for its development, as an organization in administrative and productive functions. This process requires system management, alignment and planning for decision making. This research analyzed the importance of strategic planning in managing the production and distribution of family farmers in the region of Paço do Lumiar, Maranhão, Brazil. The study area is in the region of Nova Canaã, municipality of Paço do Lumiar. Six families of family farmers who use the same planting area were selected. Data collection took place through an interview form. In addition, four sampling points of agricultural production soil were collected from September to November 2019. The physical-chemical characteristics of the soil were analyzed at the Laboratory of Environmental Sciences at the University CEUMA (LACAM). Thus, it was possible to trace the entrepreneurial profile of the studied family farms, analyzing their difficulties and facilities within their strategic planning. From the collected data, together with the physical-chemical analysis of the soil, it was possible to draw a flowchart for improving business management to improve the performance of the farmer's production, physical-chemical characteristics of the soil and by SWOT analysis the development of an Efficient Strategic Planning for Families. It is believed that an adequate management model ensures better land use, cost reduction and increased profitability for the small farmer.

Author Biographies

Klinger Garcez Duarte, Faculdade Supremo Redentor

Bachelor in Administration with Qualification in Systems Analysis (Fama), MBA in Business Management (CEUMA) and Distance Education Specialist (SENAC), Master in Environment (UniCeuma) and Academic No. 9 period of the Law course, collaborator of the group of research, Justice, Power and Ethical Relations in Contemporary (2015 / CNPQ), Atuano in the research project, Environmental Injustice and the Reaching of the Existential Minimum: a multidisciplinary analysis of the socio-environmental vulnerability conditions of the Vila Nova Canaã / Matua as a teacher in the courses of graduated in Administration, Accounting, Human Resources, Logistics, Environmental Management and Public Management, as well as in several postgraduate courses, he also has 12 years of experience in consultancy activities, coordination of teams and projects, having planned the implementation of new units from project to implementation with a focus on operational and administrative growth, college and technical professor, with ex experience also in the areas of Systems Analyst, having exercised functions of Supervision, Coordination, Management and Board of Directors in the most different market segments.

Yuri Nascimento Fróes, Instituto Florence de Ensino Superior

Degree in Pharmacy-Biochemistry, Master in Microbial Biology and Specialization in Hematology and Blood Bank. Has professional experience in Commercial and Hospital Pharmacy. He is currently a professor at the Florence Institute of Higher Education (IFES). Member of the technical group of the CRF/MA in Living Pharmacies and Therapeutic Gardens for All (Ordinance 48/2021). He works on the following topics: ethnopharmacology and in vitro bioprospecting to obtain natural products with leishmanicidal activity.

Wallace Ribeiro Nunes Neto, Universidade Federal do Maranhão

Doctoral candidate in Biotechnology and Biodiversity from the Federal University of Maranhão, Master's in Environment from the Universidade Ceuma (2017), Specialist in Environmental Engineering and Teaching in Higher Education from the Universidade Ceuma (2017), graduation in Industrial Chemistry from the Federal University of Maranhão (2015) , graduation in Chemistry Degree - UNOPAR (2019), graduation in Interdisciplinary Bachelor of Science and Technology at the Federal University of Maranhão (2019) and majoring in Civil Engineering at the Federal University of Maranhão. He is currently professor of chemistry at Colegio Santa Fé and research and development at Universidade Ceuma. Has experience in Chemistry, with emphasis on Organic Chemistry, industrial processes, genetics, microbiology and engineering, acting on the following topics: meropenem, bacterial isolate, recycling, antifungal activity and stress stimulon response. He has already worked in the environment department as an analyst at SPRPM.

Erika Luana Lima Durans, Universidade CEUMA

Possui graduação em Administração pela Universidade Estadual do Maranhão (2007) e graduação em Direito pela Faculdade do Maranhão (2013). Atualmente é advogada - na São Bento Agropecuária.

Paulo Henrique Azevedo Lima, Universidade CEUMA

Master's Degree in Environment from the University Ceuma, has a Law - UFMA, is currently a lawyer and researcher. Has experience in Law, Management and Environment.

Sandra Regina Gusmão da Hora, Universidade CEUMA

Master's Degree in Environment from Universidade Ceuma, graduated in Human Sciences - Geography from the Federal University of Maranhão (2002) and postgraduate in Geography Teaching Methodology - UFMA (2008). She is currently a teacher - Secretary of Education of the State of Maranhão and Secretary of Education of São Luís - MA.

Joicy Cortez de Sá Sousa, Universidade CEUMA

Multidisciplinary researcher, with experience in research of biotechnological interest (bioprospecting for new drugs with therapeutic potential) and histopathological analysis. Graduated in Veterinary Medicine (UFRA - 2008), Master in Animal Science (UEMA - 2011) and PhD in Biotechnology (RENORBIO-UFMA - 2015). Laboratory Technique - in the field of Histology (UFMA). Professor linked to the Coordination of Medicine and to the Postgraduate Program in Microbial Biology - UNICEUMA, advising students and teaching subjects that have histopathology and parasitic diseases and their different interfaces as the main axis.

Darlan Ferreira da Silva, Universidade CEUMA

PhD in Analytical Chemistry from the University of São Paulo - IQSC/USP (2016). Master in Analytical Chemistry from the Federal University of Maranhão UFMA (2010). Degree in Chemistry from the State University of Maranhão - UEMA (2008). During his master's, he developed research in the field of Analytical Chemistry, studying the contamination by organophosphate insecticides in rice grains through chromatographic techniques (HS-SPME-GC/MS) at the Federal University of Maranhão and electroanalytical techniques using amperometric biosensors at the Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio of Mesquita Filho (IQ/UNESP). During his PhD, he acquired experience in the environmental analytical chemistry area, working on the following topics: soil contamination, persistent organic pollutants (POPs, PCBs), solid phase extraction methods (SPE, SPME), microwave assisted extraction (MAE) , High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC), Gas Chromatography (GC/MS), Bioherbicides, Method Optimization (RSM). He has experience in the Laboratory Management System (NBR ISO/IEC 17025 and Good Laboratory Practices) and in the Environmental Management System (NBR ISO 14001). Currently, he is carrying out his post-doctoral studies for the Master in Environment at the Laboratory of Environmental Sciences of Universidade CEUMA, working with analysis of water, soil and sediment, using multivariate statistical analysis.

Delmo Mattos da Silva, Universidade Federal do Maranhão

In 2017, he completed the POST-DOCTORAL Internship in Theory of Law, PPGDIR at the Federal University of Maranhão (UFMA). He has a DOCTORATE in Philosophy from the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (2008), MA in Philosophy, with a CAPES Scholarship, from the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (2003) and a BA in Philosophy from the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (2000). He works as Permanent Professor of the Graduate Program in the Environment (UniCEUMA) and Collaborator Professor of the Graduate Program in Law and Institutions of the Justice System, linked to the Federal University of Maranhão (UFMA). Researcher of the Moral and Political Contractualism Research Group (UFRRJ - Registered in the CNPq/2014 Research Group Directory) and leader of the Justice, Power and Ethical Relations in Contemporary Research Group - (UniCEUMA - Registered in the Research Group Directory of the CNPq/2015). Since 2010 he has been a member of the ANPOF GT Hobbes Structuring Nucleus. In 2015 and 2019, respectively, it obtained research projects with funding approved by FAPEMA (Foundation for Research and Scientific and Technological Development of Maranhão). He has published 48 articles in specialized periodicals in the area of ​​Philosophy, Education, Environment and Law. It has 14 book chapters and 1 published book and organized 3 books. Participated in 110 technical productions. He has supervised 6 master's dissertations, in addition to having supervised 6 scientific initiation works and 24 course conclusion works in the areas of Philosophy, Law and Education. He has experience in the area of ​​Philosophy and Law, with an emphasis on issues related to Ethics, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Law and Political Philosophy. The main research objects are: Political Contractualism, Applied Ethics: Bioethics, Biolaw and Ethics and environmental justice, the issue of Justice, violence and power in its different developments in the scope of philosophy and law.

Wellyson da Cunha Araújo Firmo, Universidade CEUMA

Doctor in Biodiversity and Biotechnology and Master in Health and Environment from the Federal University of Maranhão. Specialist in Pharmacology from Universidade Católica Dom Bosco. Specialist in Public Health by the Northeast Institute of Higher Education and Graduate Studies. Graduated in Pharmacy from the Faculty of Imperatriz. Pedagogical Education in Biology from Universidade Cruzeiro do Sul. Professor at Universidade Ceuma and Faculdade Pitágoras São Luís. Professor at the Postgraduate Program in Health and Environment at the Federal University of Maranhão. He has experience in the areas of pharmaceutical assistance and care, biochemistry, pharmacology, microbiology, parasitology, natural products and public health.

Maria Raimunda Chagas Silva, Universidade CEUMA

Graduated in Industrial Chemistry from the Federal University of Maranhão (1999), Pedagogical Training, Degree in Chemistry from the Franciscano Higher Education Institute (2017), Specialization in Environmental Education and Water Resources from EESC-CRHEA/USP (2001), Master's Degree in Chemistry ( Analytical Chemistry) from the University of São Paulo (2002) and Ph.D. in Analytical Chemistry from the São Carlos Institute of Chemistry (2006). Works Mission, Post-Doctorate: Project Developed at the Department of Qualitative Soil, Wageningen University Netherlands (2010). Develops Research Project and is currently ADHOC consultant at FAPEMA and CNPQ and Evaluator of CERES magazine and Revista Ciências Exatas e Naturais and RENEFARA. She is currently a Professor and Researcher (Masters in the Environment at CEUMA University) and has taken courses in Environmental, Civil, Production and Medicine Engineering. Has experience in Chemistry, with an emphasis on Metals Analysis - Traces and Environmental Chemistry and microbiological identification and parasites in sand and water in the coastal zone, acting on the following subjects: Drinking water, groundwater, soil microbiology and water, effluent , food, bromatology, solid waste and sediments, herbicides, soil, environmental education and watersheds.


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How to Cite

DUARTE, K. G. .; FRÓES, Y. N. .; NUNES NETO, W. R. .; DURANS, E. L. L. .; LIMA, P. H. A. .; FREATO, L.; HORA, S. R. G. da .; SOUSA, J. C. de S. .; SILVA, D. F. da .; SILVA, D. M. da .; FIRMO, W. da C. A. .; SILVA, M. R. C. . Study on family agricultural production in the community of Canaã, Paço do Lumiar, Maranhão, Brazil. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 10, n. 10, p. e501101019063, 2021. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v10i10.19063. Disponível em: Acesso em: 25 oct. 2021.



Agrarian and Biological Sciences