Changes in physical and biochemical characteristics of Cordia superba fruits during maturation




Ripening; White aloe; Non-climatic.


The white aloe (Cordia superba) is a fruit found in Brazil and has a rounded shape, and when the fruit is ripe, it has a white color, sweet flavor and gelatinous appearance. This study aimed to evaluate changes in color, firmness and respiratory rate of white aloe cultivated in Lavras, Minas Gerais, Brazil, during ripening of green, intermediate and ripe fruits, in order to better understand the change in these parameters in the process. of ripening. The fruits were harvested and separated into three different stages, according to the surface color. Afterwards, the fruits were submitted to analysis of color, firmness and respiratory rate evaluation. With the advancement of the maturation stages, it was possible to observe the degradation of chlorophyll to antoxanthin. A reduction in firmness and a reduction in the respiratory rate over time were also observed. Thus, it was observed that due to these changes, the fruits of white aloe are considered non-climacteric fruits.


Able, A. J., Wong, L. S., Prasad, A. & O'Hare, T. J. (2003). The effects of 1-methylcyclopropene on the shelf life of minimally processed leafy Asian vegetables. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 27(2), 157-161.

Amir-Shapira, D., Goldschmidt, E. E. & Altman, A. (1987). Chlorophyll catabolism in senescing plant tissues: in vivo breakdown intermediates suggest different degradative pathways for citrus fruit and parsley leaves. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 84(7), 1901-1905.

Brummell, D. A. & Harpster, M. H. (2001). Cell wall metabolism in fruit softening and quality and its manipulation in transgenic plants. Plant cell walls, 311-340.

Chitarra, M. I. F. & Chitarra, A. B. (2005). Pós-colheita de frutas e hortaliças: fisiologia e manuseio (2nd ed.). UFLA.

Curty, C., Engel, N. & Gossauer, A. (1995). Evidence for a monooxygenase‐catalyzed primary process in the catabolism of chlorophyll. FEBS letters, 364(1), 41-44.

Da Silva, S. A. S., Souto, A. L., de Fátima Agra, M., da-Cunha, E. V. L., Barbosa-Filho, J. M., da Silva, M. S. & Braz-Filho, R. (2004). A new arylnaphthalene type lignan from Cordia rufescens A. DC.(Boraginaceae). Arkivoc, 6, 54-58.

Farcuh, M., Toubiana, D., Sade, N., Rivero, R. M., Doron-Faigenboim, A., Nambara, E., Sadka, A. & Blumwald, E. (2019). Hormone balance in a climacteric plum fruit and its non-climacteric bud mutant during ripening. Plant Science, 280, 51-65.

Ferreira, D. F. (2011). Sisvar: a computer statistical analysis system. Ciência e agrotecnologia, 35, 1039-1042.

Fischer, R. L. & Bennett, A. B. (1991). Role of cell wall hydrolases in fruit ripening. Annual review of plant biology, 42(1), 675-703.

Giongo, L., Poncetta, P., Loretti, P. & Costa, F. (2013). Texture profiling of blueberries (Vaccinium spp.) during fruit development, ripening and storage. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 76, 34-39.

Gottschling, M., Miller, J. S., Weigend, M. & Hilger, H. H. (2005). Congruence of a phylogeny of Cordiaceae (Boraginales) inferred from ITS1 sequence data with morphology, ecology, and biogeography. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, 425-437.

Hendry, G. A., Houghton, J. D. & Brown, S. B. (1987). Tansley review no. 11. The degradation of chlorophyll-a biological enigma. New phytologist, 255-302.

İnanç, A. L. (2011). Chlorophyll: Structural Properties, Health Benefits and Its Occurrence in Virgin Olive Oils. Academic Food Journal/Akademik GIDA.

Do Lago, R. C., Silva, J. S., Pinto, K. M., Rodrigues, L. F. & Boas, E. V. D. B. V. (2020). Effect of maturation stage on the physical, chemical and biochemical composition of black mulberry. Research, Society and Development, 9(4), e49942824-e49942824.

Långström, E. & Chase, M. W. (2002). Tribes of Boraginoideae (Boraginaceae) and placement of Antiphytum, Echiochilon, Ogastemma and Sericostoma: A phylogenetic analysis based on atp B plastid DNA sequence data. Plant Systematics and Evolution, 234(1), 137-153.

Lorenzi, H. (2002). Árvores brasileiras: manual de identificação e cultivo de plantas arbóreas nativas do Brasil. (2nd ed.). Nova Odessa: Instituto Plantarum.

Matile, P., Hörtensteiner, S. & Thomas, H. (1999). Chlorophyll degradation. Annual Review of Plant Biology, 50(1), 67–95.

Matile, P., Schellenberg, M. & Vicentini, F. (1997). Localization of chlorophyllase in the chloroplast envelope. Planta, 201(1), 96-99.

Melo, J. I. M., Silva, L. C., Stapf, M. N. S. & Ranga, N. T. (2020). Boraginaceae in Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil. Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro. Disponível em:< http://floradobrasil. jbrj. gov. br/jabot/floradobrasil/FB16530>. Acesso em 01 de abril de 2020.

Mijin, S., Ding, P., Saari, N. & Ramlee, S. I. (2021). Effects of pollination techniques and harvesting stage on the physico-chemical characteristics of jackfruit. Scientia Horticulturae, 285, 110199.

Miller, J. G. & Fry, S. C. (2001). Characteristics of xyloglucan after attack by hydroxyl radicals. Carbohydrate Research, 332(4), 389-403.

Nikolić, M. V. & Mojovic, L. (2007). Hydrolysis of apple pectin by the coordinated activity of pectic enzymes. Food Chemistry, 101(1), 1-9.

Sethu, K. P., Prabha, T. N. & Tharanathan, R. N. (1996). Post-harvest biochemical changes associated with the softening phenomenon in Capsicum annuum fruits. Phytochemistry, 42(4), 961-966.

Yahia, E. M. & Carrillo-Lopez, A. (Eds.). (2018). Postharvest physiology and biochemistry of fruits and vegetables. Woodhead publishing.



How to Cite

OLIVEIRA, C. D.; GOMES, B. A. F. .; FURTADO, M. L. B. .; BARBOSA, D. P.; BOAS, E. V. de B. V. . Changes in physical and biochemical characteristics of Cordia superba fruits during maturation. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 10, n. 10, p. e503101019203, 2021. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v10i10.19203. Disponível em: Acesso em: 27 oct. 2021.



Agrarian and Biological Sciences