Effect of animal-assisted interventions on the well-being and physiological parameters of university students

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v10i12.20443

Keywords:

Co-therapist dogs; Blood pressure; Pulse; Facial expressions.

Abstract

The university environment can trigger a worsening in the well-being of young academics and many university managers are seeking strategies for this problem, such as animal-assisted intervention. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of interaction with co-therapist dogs on well-being and physiological parameters such as pulse, systolic and diastolic blood pressure of students from two university courses in Pelotas, RS. Thirty-eight university students from the field of animal health (Veterinary Medicine) and human health (Psychology) participated. An intervention was performed lasting 40 to 50 minutes for each in which the students interacted with four co-therapist dogs based on playful activities. The evaluations occurred before and after the intervention, and subjective well-being was measured through the Andrews Face Scale only of veterinary students and by measuring pulse, systolic and diastolic blood pressure only of psychology students. The results were obtained from the paired Student's T-test. A significant improvement was observed in the facial expressions of the students when evaluating pre (0.78 ± 1.043) and post-intervention with the co-therapist dogs (2.70 ± 0.635), in addition to significant reductions in the mean values before and after pulse intervention, decreasing from 85.13 to 80.87 bpm (p = 0.025) and also in systolic blood pressure, decreasing from 118.67 to 108.00 bpm (p = 0.010). There was no significant reduction in diastolic blood pressure. These results allowed to conclude that there was a positive effect on the well-being and physiological parameters of the students from a single intervention.

References

Andrews, F. M., & Whitey, S. B. (1976). Social Indicators of well-being: America’s perception of quality of life. Plenum Press.

Bert, F., Gualano, M. R., Camussi, E., Pieve, G., Voglino, G., & Siliquini, R. (2016). Animal assisted intervention: A systematic review of benefits and risks. European Journal of Integrative Medicine, 8(5), 695-706.

Bjick, M. (2013). The Effects of a Therapy Animal on College Student Stress and Arousal. Master of Social Work Clinical Research Papers, 152. http://sophia.stkate.edu/msw_papers/152

Binfet, J. (2017). The Effects of Group-Administered Canine Therapy on University Students Wellbeing: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Anthrozoös, 30(3), 397-414.

Bradburn, N. M. (1969). The structure of psychological well-being. Aldine.

Crossman, M. K., & Kazdin, A. E. (2015). Animal visitation programs in colleges and universities: An efficient model for reducing student stress. In A. H. Fine (Ed.), Handbook on animal-assisted therapy (pp. 333-337). Academic Press.

Crossman, M. K., Kazdin, A. E., & Knudson, K. (2015). Brief unconstructed interaction with a dog reduces distress. Anthrozoös, 28(4), 649-659.

Diener, E. (1996). Subjective well-being in cross-cultural perspective. In G. Hector (Ed.), Key issues in cross-cultural psychology: selected papers from the Twelfth International Congress of the International Association for Cross-Cultural Psychology. Academic Press.

Delgado, C., Toukonen, M., & Wheeler, C. (2018). Effect of Canine Play Interventions as a Stress Reduction Strategy in College Students. Nurse educator, 43(3), 149–153.

Estrela, C. (2018). Metodologia Científica: Ciência, Ensino, Pesquisa. Editora Artes Médicas.

Fernandez, A., Howse, E., Rubio-Valera, M., Thorncraft, K., Noone, J., Luu, X., Veness, B., Leech, M., Llewellyn, G., & Salvador-Carulla, L. (2016). Setting-based interventions to promote mental health at the university: a systematic review. International Journal of Public Health, 61(7), 797-807.

Fine, A. H. (2010). Handbook on animal-assisted therapy: Theoretical foundations and guidelines for practice. Academic press.

Fórum Nacional de Pró-reitores de Assuntos Comunitários e Estudantis (FONAPRACE) (2019). V pesquisa do perfil do socioeconômico e cultural dos(as) graduandos(as) das IFES – 2018 [Unpublished report]. http://www.andifes.org.br/wp-content/uploads/2019/05/V-Pesquisa-Nacional-de-Perfil-Socioecon%C3%B4mico-e-Cultural-dos-as-Graduandos-as-das-IFES-2018.

Grajfoner, D., Harte, E., Potter, L. M., & McGuigan, N. (2017). The Effect of Dog-Assisted Intervention on Student Well-Being, Mood, and Anxiety. International journal of environmental research and public health, 14(5), 483.

Graner, K. M., & Ramos-Cerqueira, A. T. A. (2019). Revisão integrativa: Sofrimento psíquico em estudantes universitários e fatores associados. Ciência & Saúde Coletiva, 24(4), 1327-1346.

Haggerty, J.M., & Mueller, M.K. (2017). Animal-assisted Stress Reduction Programs in Higher Education. Innovative Higher Education, 42, 379-389.

Jegatheesan, B., Beetz, A., Choi, G., Dudzik, C., Fine, A., Garcia, R. M., Johnson, R.,Ormerod, E., Winkle, M., & Yamazaki, K. (2014). White paper: The IAHAIO definitions for animal assisted intervention and guidelines for wellness of animals involved. [Unpublished report]. http://iahaio.org/wp/wp-content/uploads/2021/01/iahaio-white-paper-2018-english.pdf

Kohlmann Jr, O., Guimarães, A.C., Carvalho, M.H.C., Chaves Jr, H.C., Machado, C.A., & Praxedes, J.N. (1999). III Consenso Brasileiro de Hipertensão Arterial. Arquivos Brasileiros de Endocrinologia & Metabologia, 43(4).

Lussi, I. A. O., Freitas, H. I. & Pereira Junior, A. (2004). Proposta Teórica de um Instrumento de Auto-Avaliação em Saúde. Cadernos de Terapia Ocupacional da UFSCAR, 12(1), 5-14.

Mandrá, P. P., Moretti, T. C. D. F., Avezum, L. A., & Kuroishi, R. C. S. (2019). Terapia assistida por animais: revisão sistemática da literatura. In CoDAS (Vol. 31, No. 3). Sociedade Brasileira de Fonoaudiologia.

Mcdowell, I. (2006). Measuring health: a guide to rating scales and questionnaires. Oxford University Press.

Nobre, M. O., Krug, F. D. M., Capella, S. O., Canielles, C., & Pereira, C. S. (2017). Intervenções Assistidas por Animais: Uma nova perspectiva na educação. Revista Eletrônica de Veterinária, 18(2), 1-8.

Nogueira-Martins, L. A., & Nogueira- Martins, M. C. F. (2018). Saúde mental e qualidade de vida de estudantes universitários. Revista Psicologia, Diversidade E Saúde, 7(3), 334–337.

Oliveira, J. A. (2006). Qualidade de vida e desempenho acadêmico de graduandos. Dissertação de doutorado, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Repositório da Produção Científica e Intelectual da Unicamp.

Pendry, P., Carr, A. M., Roeter, S. M., & Vandagriff, J. L. (2018). Experimental trial demonstrates effects of animal-assisted stress prevention program on college students’ positive and negative emotion. Human-Animal Interaction Bulletin, 6(1), 81-97.

Sapin. C. F., Lima, C. M., Almeida, D. M., Ferraz, A., Albuquerque, M. S., Grill, J. D., Fripp, J. C, & Nobre, M. O. (2020). Fisioterapia assistida por animais: o cão co-terapeuta como motivador e mediador dos exercícios para pacientes crônicos. Research, Society and Development, 9(11), e59591110214-e59591110214.

Schleich, A. L. (2006). Integração na educação superior e satisfação acadêmica de estudantes ingressantes e concluintes. Tese de mestrado, Universidade Estadual de Campinas. Repositório da Produção Científica e Intelectual da Unicamp.

Silas, H. J., Binfet, J., & Ford, A. T. (2019). Therapeutic for all? Observational assessments of therapy canine stress in an on-campus stress-reduction program. Journal of Veterinary Behavior, 32, 6-13.

Trammell, J. P. (2017). The Effect of Therapy Dogs on Exam Stress and Memory. Anthrozoös, 30(4), 607-621.

Williams, C., Emond, K., Maynord, K., Simpkins, J., Stumbo, A., & Terhaar, T. (2018). An animal-assisted intervention’s influence on graduate students’ stress and anxiety prior to an examination. Open Access Library Journal, 5(9), 1-16.

Wood, E., Ohlsen, S., Thompson, J., Hulin, J., & Knowles, L. (2018). The feasibility of brief dog-assisted therapy on university students stress levels: the PAwS study. Journal of Mental Health, 27(3), 263-268.

Published

21/09/2021

How to Cite

ALMEIDA, D. M. de; SAPIN, C. da F. .; KRUG, F. D. M.; PEREIRA, V. R.; NOGUEIRA, M. T. D.; NOBRE, M. de O. Effect of animal-assisted interventions on the well-being and physiological parameters of university students. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 10, n. 12, p. e314101220443, 2021. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v10i12.20443. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/20443. Acesso em: 29 feb. 2024.

Issue

Section

Agrarian and Biological Sciences