Impact of physical exercise on grip strength in frail elderly: an integrative literature review

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v10i13.20982

Keywords:

Elderly; Frailty Syndrome; Physical Exercise; Muscle strength dynamometer.

Abstract

The frailty syndrome comprises a multifactorial cycle resulting from reduced energy reserves and increased vulnerability to stressors with consequent association of negative health conditions in the elderly. The objective was to systematize the knowledge produced about the influence of physical exercise on the criteria of the frailty syndrome, especially on the grip strength of elderly classified as frail. The search occurred on December 10, 2020, using the DeCS “Aged and Frailty and Exercise and Muscle Strength Dynamometer”, in the databases Science Direct®, MEDLINE® PubMed®, resulting in ten articles. Exercise versus grip strength was associated with active physical performance, lower risk of fracture from falls, low to medium intensity exercise program, muscle strengthening and endurance exercises, better quality of life index, regression of frailty, unfavorable nutritional status, and preservation of cognitive function. The combination of different exercise modalities, together with nutritional assessment, is a promising and effective method for the elderly to prevent frailty.

Author Biographies

Ernestina Maria da Silva Neta, Universidade Federal de Catalão

Enfermeira. Mestranda Programa de Pós-graduação em Gestão Organizacional- UFCAT

Universidade Federal de Catalão (UFCAT).

Av. Dr. Lamartine Pinto de Avelar, 1120, Setor Universitário, Catalão-GO, Brasil.

Roselma Lucchese, Universidade Federal de Catalão

Enfermeira. Doutora em Enfermagem.

IBiotec- Curso de Enfermagem.

Universidade Federal de Catalão (UFCAT).

Av. Dr. Lamartine Pinto de Avelar, 1120, Setor Universitário, Catalão-GO, Brasil.

Jordana Alves Aguiar, Universidade Federal de Catalão

Enfermeira. Mestranda Programa de Pós-graduação em Gestão Organizacional- UFCAT

Universidade Federal de Catalão (UFCAT).

Av. Dr. Lamartine Pinto de Avelar, 1120, Setor Universitário, Catalão-GO, Brasil.

Graciele Cristina Silva, Universidade Federal de Catalão

Nutricionista na Pró-reitoria de Políticas Estudantis e Professora no Mestrado Profissional em Gestão Organizacional, Universidade Federal de Catalão - UFCAT.

Moisés Fernandes Lemos, Universidade Federal de Catalão

Psicólogo, Mestre em Psicologia, Doutor em Educação, Pós-doutor em Saúde Coletiva.

Universidade Federal de Catalão (UFCAT).

Av. Dr. Lamartine Pinto de Avelar, 1120, Setor Universitário, Catalão-GO, Brasil.

Ivânia Vera, UFCAT

Enfermeira. Doutora em Enfermagem, com ênfase em Saúde do Idoso.

Curso de Enfermagem. IBiotec.

Universidade Federal de Catalão/UFCAT.

Av. Lamartine P. de Avelar, 1120

Vila Chaud. Catalão/GO - CEP: 75704-020

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Published

10/10/2021

How to Cite

SILVA NETA, E. M. da .; LUCCHESE, R. .; AGUIAR, J. A.; SILVA, G. C. .; LEMOS, M. F.; VERA, I. Impact of physical exercise on grip strength in frail elderly: an integrative literature review. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 10, n. 13, p. e204101320982, 2021. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v10i13.20982. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/20982. Acesso em: 7 dec. 2021.

Issue

Section

Review Article