Scalp cooling as a strategy to reduce alopecia induced by cancer chemotherapy: systematic review

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v10i13.21118

Keywords:

alopecia; drug therapy; oncology nursing; Cryotherapy; Complementary therapies.

Abstract

Objective: To analyze the available evidence on the use of the scalp cooling technique in reducing alopecia in cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy and its repercussions for nursing care. Method: Systematic review based on PRISMA checklist recommendations, without date restrictions, in the following databases: Pubmed, Cinahal, Cochrane and Scopus. Results: Of 579 published articles, 10 were included published between 2015 and 2020. Patients who used the therapy were more successful in terms of capillary preservation, ranging from 45.6% response with grade 3 assessment of alopecia, to 89% with rate greater than 50% of alopecia using taxanes. It is important to emphasize that there are cases of failure or partial fall and the factors that can influence this result. Conclusion: The effectiveness of the technique and the importance of nursing in this process were evidenced in order to provide a better quality of life and treatment for these patients.

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Published

11/10/2021

How to Cite

MONTEIRO, D. E.; FIALHO, I. C. T. S. .; RAMOS, F. C. de S. . .; OLIVEIRA, R. M. M. de .; NASCIMENTO, C. T. do .; SOUZA, O. M. de; FULY, P. dos S. C. . Scalp cooling as a strategy to reduce alopecia induced by cancer chemotherapy: systematic review. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 10, n. 13, p. e265101321118, 2021. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v10i13.21118. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/21118. Acesso em: 8 dec. 2021.

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Section

Review Article