Detection of Capnocytophaga canimorsus and Capnocytophaga cynodegmi in dogs with periodontal disease of Brazil

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v10i13.21146

Keywords:

C. canimorsus; C. cynodegmi; PCR; Zoonosis; Domestic animals; One health.

Abstract

Capnocytophaga canimorsus e Capnocytophaga cynodegmi são bacilos Gram-negativos encontrados na microbiota oral de cães e gatos capazes de infectar humanos através de mordidas, lambidas ou contato próximo aos animais. As manifestações clínicas vão desde inflamação local da lesão a sepse, podendo ser seguida por óbito em humanos. O objetivo do trabalho foi detectar  C. canimorsus e C. cynodegmi em amostras de curetagem subgengival de cães domiciliados atendidos em um Hospital Veterinário Público no Brasil, através da técnica de  PCR. De  121 amostras testadas, a prevalência de C. canimorsus foi de 19% e de C. cynodegmi foi de 66,94%. Houve associação significativa entre a presença de C. cynodegmi e doença periodontal avançada. Conclui-se que os microrganismos estão circulantes na microbiota oral de cães domiciliados do Brasil, o que representa um risco à saúde pública devido ao seu potencial zoonótico. Visto a falta de estudos sobre esses microrganismos no país, se faz necessária a realização de pesquisas para compreender a patogenia, manifestações clínicas, diagnóstico e tratamento de infecções por C. canimorsus e C. cynodegmi no Brasil, visando a Saúde Única.

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Published

11/10/2021

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NOGUEIRA, B. S. .; MARTINI, A. de C. .; MENEZES, I. de G.; SOUZA, R. L. de .; MARUYAMA, F. H. .; RODRIGUES, J. Y. .; NAKAZATO, L.; DUTRA, V. Detection of Capnocytophaga canimorsus and Capnocytophaga cynodegmi in dogs with periodontal disease of Brazil. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 10, n. 13, p. e245101321146, 2021. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v10i13.21146. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/21146. Acesso em: 6 dec. 2021.

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Agrarian and Biological Sciences