Pro-inflammatory diet, frailty and sarcopenia: a study with older people in outpatient care

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v10i17.24488

Keywords:

Sarcopenia; Inflammation; Frailty.

Abstract

Objectives: To analyze the relationship between the Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII), sarcopenia, and frailty syndrome in older people. Methods: A cross-sectional, non-probabilistic study was carried out with 135 older people, attended by a general outpatient clinic. The older people were classified in relation to sarcopenia according to the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People. The frailty classification was made through self-referred questions. The calculation of the DII was made using the iOS application IF RATING®. Association analysis was performed using multiple logistic regression. Results: Of the 135 older people evaluated, 17.78% were classified as sarcopenic and 47.41% as frail. No association was observed between the most inflammatory DII and sarcopenia. Regarding frailty syndrome, older people with a more inflammatory DII were more likely to be frail (OR=3.64; 95%CI=1.24-10.70). Discussion: These results could stimulate actions to promote an anti-inflammatory diet, with a view to preventing frailty in older people.

Author Biographies

Gabriela Benatti de Oliveira, Federal University of Alfenas

Corresponding Author: Undergraduate Student; Faculty of Nutrition, Federal University of Alfenas, Alfenas, Brazil Address: Rua Padre Francisco de Abreu Sampaio, 269, Jardim Dom Vieira, Campinas, São Paulo, CEP: 13036-140. Telephone Number: +55 19 99792 0011.

Cintia Midori Yogi, Federal University of Alfenas

Undergraduate Student; Faculty of Nutrition, Federal University of Alfenas, Alfenas, Brazil.

Fernanda de Carvalho Vidigal, Federal University of Alfenas

PhD; Faculty of Nutrition, Federal University of Alfenas, Alfenas, Brazil

Daniela Braga Lima, Federal University of Alfenas

PhD; Faculty of Nutrition, Federal University of Alfenas, Alfenas, Brazil

Alice Helena de Souza Paulino, Faculty of São Lourenço

PhD; Faculty of São Lourenço/UNISEPE, São Lourenço, Brazil

Tábatta Renata Pereira de Brito, Federal University of Alfenas

PhD; Faculty of Nutrition, Federal University of Alfenas, Alfenas, Brazil

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Published

22/12/2021

How to Cite

OLIVEIRA, G. B. de; YOGI, C. M. .; VIDIGAL, F. de C.; LIMA, D. B.; PAULINO, A. H. . de S.; BRITO, T. R. P. de. Pro-inflammatory diet, frailty and sarcopenia: a study with older people in outpatient care. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 10, n. 17, p. e103101724488, 2021. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v10i17.24488. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/24488. Acesso em: 25 may. 2022.

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Health Sciences