Ateleia glazioveana and Ocimum basilicum: plants with potential larvicidal and repellent against Aedes aegypti (Diptera, Culicidae)




Dengue; Natural product; Repellency.


The Aedes aegypti is the main vector of the transmission of diseases such as dengue, yellow fever, Chikungunya, and Zika. The agents used for the control of mosquito involve the use of synthetic compounds, which may cause toxicity and contamination environmental. Aiming to test the effectiveness of natural products, the aim of this study was to evaluate the larvicidal and repellent activity of extracts of Ateleia glazioveana Baill. (timbó) and essential oil of Ocimum basilicum L. (manjericão), against A. aegypti. The activities of hydroalcoholic (HEA) and dichloromethane (DEA) extracts from A. glazioveana against A. aegypti larvae were assessed after exposure for 24, 48, and 72 h, using water and Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis as negative and positive controls, respectively. For repellent evaluation, we investigated the sting attempts of A. aegypti in response to the application of HEA- and DEA-based body creams (5%), as well as an alcoholic spray based on the essential oil from O. basilicum. The repellency of these preparations was compared with negative (vehicle) and positive (DEET) controls. Although HEA showed no apparent larvicidal activity, DEA at concentrations of 150 to 500 mg/ml showed high larvicidal potential after 24 h, compared to the negative control group (p < 0.001). Moreover, the DEA-based cream and the alcoholic spray of O. basilicum based essential oil showed higher repellency compared with the vehicle (84.5% and 70.5%, respectively). Accordingly, it is possible to infer that extracts and preparations of A. glazioveana and O. basilicum exhibit larvicidal and repellent activity against A. aegypti.


Adams, R. P. (2007). Identification of essential oil components by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. Allured Publishing.

Agarwal, A., Parida, M., & Dash, P. K. (2017). Impact of transmission cycles and vector competence on global expansion and emergence of arboviruses. Reviews in Medical Virology, 27 (5), 1941.

Atanasov, A. G., Waltenberger, B., Pferschy-Wenzig, E.-M., Linder, T., Wawrosch, C., Uhrin, P., Temml, V., Wang, L., Schwaiger, S., Heiss, E. H., Rollinger, J. M., Schuster, D., Breuss, J. M., Bochkov, V., Mihovilovic, M. D., Kopp, B., Bauer, R., Dirsch, V. M. & Stuppner, H. (2015). Discovery and resupply of pharmacologically active plant-derived natural products: A review. Biotechnology Advances, 33 (8), 1582–1614.

Brasil. (2019). Farmacopeia Brasileira. Brasília.

Carneiro, V. C. S., Braz De Lucena, L., Figueiró, R. & Victório, C. P. (2021). Larvicidal activity of plants from Myrtaceae against Aedes aegypti L. and Simulium pertinax Kollar (Diptera). Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical (Online), 54, (e00922020), 1-8.

Coelho, J. S., Santos, N. D. L., Napoleão, T. H., Gomes, F. S., Ferreira, R. S., Zingali, R, B., Coelho, L. C. B. B., Leite, S. P., Navarro, D. M. A. F. & Paiva, P. M. G. (2009). Effect of Moringa oleifera lectin on development of Aedes aegypti larvae. Chemosphere, 77, 934-938.

Copping, L. G. & Duke, S. O. (2007). Natural products that have been used commercially as crop protection agents. Pest Management Science, 63 (6), 524-554.

Corbel, V., Achee, N. L., Chandre, F., Coulibaly, M. B., Dusfour, I., Fonseca, D. M, Grieco, J., Juntarajumnong, W., Lenhart, A., Martins, A. J., Moyes, C., Ching., L. N. G., Pinto, J., Raghavendra, K., Vatandoost, H., Vontas, J., Weetman, D., Fouque, F., Velayudhan, R. & David, J.P. (2016). Tracking insecticide resistance in mosquito vectors of arboviruses: the worldwide insecticide resistance network (WIN). PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 10 (12), 4.

Cozzer, G. D., Rezende, R. S., Lutinski, J. A., Roman-Junior, W. A., Busato, M. A. & Simões, D. A. (2021). How long is long enough? Decreasing effects in Aedes aegypti larval mortality by plant extracts over time. Revista Brasileira de Ciências Ambientais, 56 (2), 338-345.

Deshpande, R. S. & Tipnis, H. P. (1997). Insecticidal activity of Ocimum basilicum L. Pesticides, 11, 1-12.

Diaz, J. H. (2016). Chemical and plant-based insect repellents: efficacy, safety, and toxicity. Wilderness & Environmental Medicine. 27 (1), 153-163.

Dietrich, F., Strohschoen, A. A. G., Schultz, G., Sebben, A. D. & Rempel, C. (2011). Utilização de inseticidas botânicos na agricultura orgânica de arroio do meio / RS. Revista Brasileira de Agrociências, 17, 251-255.

Franco, I. J. & Fontana, V. L. (1997). Ervas & plantas: a medicina dos simples. Imprimax.

Garcez, W. S., Garcez, F. R., Silva, L. M. G. E. & Sarmento, U. C. (2013). Substâncias de origem vegetal com atividade larvicida contra Aedes aegypti. Revista Virtual de Química, 5 (3), 363-393.

Gava A. & Barros, C. S. L. (2001). Field observations of Ateleia glazioviana poisoning in cattle in Southern Brazil. Veterinary and Human Toxicology, 43 (1), 37-41.

Guarda, C., Lutinski, J. A., Roman-Junior, W. A. & Busato, M. A. (2016). Atividade larvicida de produtos naturais e avaliação da susceptibilidade ao inseticida temefós no controle do Aedes aegypti (DIPTERA: CULICIDAE). Interciencia, 41 (4), 243-247.

Idris, M. M., Mudi, S. Y. & Datti, Y. (2014). Phytochemical screening and mosquito repellent activity of the Stem Bark extracts of Euphorbia balsamifera (Ait). ChemSearch Journal, 5 (2), 46-51.

Isman, M. B. (2006). Botanical insecticides, deterrents, and repellents in modern agriculture and an increasingly regulated world. Annual Review of Entomology, 51, 45-66.

Knowlton, J. & Pearce, S. (1993). Handbook of cosmetic science and technology. Elseveir Science Publications.

Lee, C. C. & Houghton, P. (2005). Cytotoxicity of plants from Malaysia and Thailand used traditionally to treat cancer. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 100 (3), 237-243.

Lee, M. Y. (2018). Essential oils as repellents against arthropods. BioMed Research International, 2018, 1-9.

Lima-Camara, T. N. (2016). Arboviroses emergentes e novos desafios para a saúde pública no Brasil. Revista de Saúde Pública, 50 (36), 1-7.

Long, R. A. (1995). Livro das árvores: árvores e arvoretas do Sul. L&PM.

Lorenzi, H. & Matos, F. J. A. (2002). Plantas medicinais no Brasil: nativas e exóticas, Plantarum. Nova Odessa.

Migliorini, P., Lutinski, J. A. & Garcia, F. R. M. (2010). Eficiência de extratos vegetais no controle de Diabrotica speciosa (Germar, 1824) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), em laboratório. Biotemas, 23 (1), 83-89.

Moore, S. J. & Debboun, M. (2007). Insect Repellents: principles, methods, and uses. CRC Press, Boca Raton.

Newman, D. J. & Cragg, G. M., (2016). Natural products as sources of new drugs over the period 1981–2014. Journal of Natural Products, 79 (3), 629–661.

Ortega, G. G. & Schenkel, E. P. (1986) Isoflavonas de Ateleia glazioviana Baill (Leguminosae). Cadernos de Farmacologia, 2 (2), 133-161.

Ortega, G. G. & Schenkel, E. P. (1987). Ichthyotoxic activities of Ateleia glazioviana Baill and Thinouia coriaceae Brit. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 20 (2), 81-84.

Paula, J. P., Farago, P. V., Checchia, L. E. M., Hirose, K. M. & Ribas, J. L. C. (2004). Atividade repelente do óleo essencial de Ocimum selloi Benth. (variedade eugenol) contra o Anopheles braziliensis Chagas. Acta Farmaceutica Bonaerense, 23 (3), 376-378.

Pandey, A. K., Singh, P. & Tripathi, N. N. (2014). Chemistry and bioactivities of essential oils of some Ocimum species: an overview. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine, 4 (9), 682-694.

Paumgartten, F. J. R. & Delgado, F. I. (2016). Repelentes de mosquitos, eficácia para prevenção de doenças e segurança do uso na gravidez. Vigilância Sanitária em Debate, 4 (2), 97-104.

Pavela, R. (2016). History, presence and perspective of using plant extracts as commercial botanical insecticides and farm products for protection against Insects - A review. Plant Protection Science, 52 (4), 229–241.

Pereira, A. S., Shitsuka, D. M., Pereira, J. F., Shitsuka, R. (2018). Scientific research methodology. [free e-book]. Santa Maria/RS. Ed. UAB/NTE/UFSM

Poopathi, S. & Abidha, S. (2010). Mosquitocidal bacterial toxins (Bacillus sphaericus and B. thuringiensis serovar israelensis): Mode of action, cytopathological effects and mechanism of resistance. Journal of Physiology and Pathophysiology, 1 (3), 22–38.

Rosa, J. P. P. (2016). Resistência de Aedes aegypti ao inseticida Temefós. Revista da Universidade do Vale do Rio Verde, 14 (1), 607-610.

Scarsolini-Comin, F. (2021). Projeto de pesquisa em ciências da Saúde: guia prático para estudantes. 1. Ed. Petrópolis, RJ: Ed. Vozes.

Sharma, R. N., Bhosale, A. S., Joshi, V. N., Hebbalkar, D. S., Tungikar, V. B., Gupta, A. S. & Patwardhan, S. A. (1981). Lavandula gibsonii: A plant with insectistatic potential. Phytoparasitica, 9 (2), 101–109.

Tyagi, A. K. & Malik, A. (2012). Bactericidal action of lemon grass oil vapors and negative air ions. Innovative Food Science & Emerging Technologies, 13, 169-177.

Usta, J., Kreydiyyeh, S., Bakajian, K. & Nakkash-Chmaisse, H. (2002). In vitro effect of eugenol and cinnamaldehyde on membrane potential and respiratory complexes in isolated rat liver mitochondria. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 40, 935–940.

Vasconcelos, J. N., Santiago, G. M. P., Lima, J. Q., Mafezoli, J., Lemos, T. L. G. D., Da Silva, F. R. L., Lima, M. A. S., Pimenta, A. T. A., Braz-Filho, R., Arriaga, A. M. C. & Cesarin-Sobrinho, D. (2012). Rotenoids from tephrosia toxicaria with larvicidal activity against Aedes aegypti, the main vector of dengue fever. Quimica Nova, 35 (6), 1097-1100.

Woisky, R. G. & Salatino, A. (1998). Analysis of propolis: some parameters and procedures for chemical quality control. Journal of Apicultural Research, 37 (2), 99-105.

World Health Organization. (2006). Guidelines for the Treatment of Malaria/WHO Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data Switzerland.

Xavier, I., Valle, V., Lunkes, D., Nedel, A. S., Anarbor, V., Campos, M. M. A., Botton, S. A., Delbon, M. C. C. & Sangion, L. A. (2013). Fatores epidemiológicos da dengue na região central do estado do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil, 2007 – 2010. Ciência Rural, 43 (1), 87-91.

Zara, A. L. S. A., Santos, S. M., Fernandes-Oliveira, E. S., Carvalho, R. G. & Coelho, G. E. (2016). Estratégias de controle do Aedes aegypti: uma revisão. Epidemiologia e Serviços de Saúde, 25 (2), 391-404.




How to Cite

ALIEVI, K.; CAPOANI, G. T.; BUZATTO, M.; MIORANDO, D.; SERPA, P. Z.; FOGOLARI, O.; IGNÁCIO, Z. M.; SIMÕES, D. A.; BUSATO, M. A.; LUTINSKI, J. A.; ROMAN JUNIOR, W. A. Ateleia glazioveana and Ocimum basilicum: plants with potential larvicidal and repellent against Aedes aegypti (Diptera, Culicidae). Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 10, n. 17, p. e228101724733, 2021. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v10i17.24733. Disponível em: Acesso em: 24 jan. 2022.



Health Sciences