Application of chitosan on physalis




Crustacean exoskeleton; Resistance inducer; Physalis peruviana L.; Solanaceae.


Cultivation of small fruits such as blackberry, raspberry, blueberry, strawberry, and physalis is rapidly growing in Brazil, mainly due to small producers who seek income diversification. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of foliar application of different doses of chitosan on the physicochemical properties of Physalis peruviana L. Two experiments were conducted: i) field (FE); and ii) greenhouse (GE). Four doses of chitosan (0.1, 0.2, 0.3, and 0.4 L 100L-1) and a control were used as treatments. We evaluated fruit diameter (FD), fruit length (FL), calyx length (CL), and calyx diameter (CD) - mm; fruit mass - g; soluble solids content (SS) - °Brix; titratable acidity (TA) - % of citric acid; SS/TA ratio; and fruit firmness - N. Foliar application of chitosan to field-grown physalis plants significantly increased fruit mass, length, and diameter, as well as fruit SS and TA content. However, in a protected environment, the application of chitosan had less effect on the properties evaluated. Fruit firmness was not affected by chitosan application. Negative correlations (P<0.001) between fruit mass and firmness (r=-0.57) and SS/TA ratio (r=-0.61) were observed. SS/TA ratio was also negatively correlated with TA (r=-0.82), FL(r=-0.61), and FD (r=-0.68). High and significant correlations were observed between fruit mass and TA, FL, and FD. Foliar application of chitosan has a positive effect on both agronomic and chemical properties and can be an excellent alternative natural fertilizer for physalis plants when applied in doses up to 0.2 L 100 L-1.


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How to Cite

CLAUS, A.; SATO, A. J.; TARTARO, E. L.; ALGERI, A.; OLIVEIRA, T. L. A.; MUHLBEIER, D. T.; CLAUS, A. B.; MISSIO, R. F. Application of chitosan on physalis. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 11, n. 2, p. e24111225825, 2022. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i2.25825. Disponível em: Acesso em: 16 aug. 2022.



Agrarian and Biological Sciences