The population density of Digitaria insularis influences Phaseolus vulgaris agronomic traits

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v11i6.28924

Keywords:

Weed ecology; Weed interference; Crop interference.

Abstract

The common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is an important species for human nutrition in Brazil and its cultivation has been hampered in recent years by the interference of sourgrass [Digitaria insularis (L.) Mez ex Ekman] populations. However, just a few studies evaluated sourgrass interaction with common beans. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the influence of sourgrass density on common bean agronomic characteristics. Seven sourgrass densities, equivalent to populations from 0 to 12 plants m-², were established in a common bean crop field with a randomized block design and four replicates. The increase in sourgrass density boosted weed dry matter and the common bean plant’s height and leaf area index. Contrarily, the same increase in weed density reduced the crop chlorophyll content, stem diameter, shoot, root and total dry mass, and grain yield. The variables’ behavior testifies to the high sensitivity of the common bean to sourgrass interference reported by farmers. Variables such as common bean chlorophyll, stem diameter, and the shoot and root dry mass presented a strong negative correlation to the reduction in crop grain yield. The decrease in yield reached 69% with 12 sourgrass plants m-2 when compared to control. The density of 3.7 weed plants m-2 reduced the maximum common bean grain yield by half. Such significant results suggest the need for developing efficient sourgrass management methods and strategies to avoid common bean yield loss.

References

Andrade, C. A. de B., Scapim, C. A., Braccini, A. D. L. e, & Martorelli, D. T. (2009). Produtividade, crescimento e partição de matéria seca em duas cultivares de feijão. Acta Scientiarum. Agronomy, 31(4), 683–688. https://doi.org/10.4025/actasciagron.v31i4.6397

Araújo, L. L. N., Melo, H. C. de, Castiglioni, G. L., & Gonçalves, L. A. (2019). Intensidade de radiação influenciando características morfofisiológicas em folhas de Tetradenia riparia (Hochst.) Codd. Iheringia, Série Botânica, 74, e2019001–e2019001. https://doi.org/10.21826/2446-82312019v74e2019001

Brasil. (2009). Regras para análises de sementes. SNDA/DNDV/CLAV.

Braz, G. B. P., Cruvinel, A. G., Caneppele, A. B., Takano, H. K., Silva, a. G. Da, & Oliveira Júnior, R. S. De. (2021). Sourgrass interference on soybean grown in brazilian cerrado. Revista Caatinga, 34(2), 350–358. https://doi.org/10.1590/1983-21252021v34n211rc

Carvalho, F. I. F., Lorencetti, C., & Benin, G. (2004). Estimativas e implicações da correlação no melhoramento vegetal. Ufpel.

Clemente, A. M., Júnior, O. A. de C., Guimarães, R. F., McManus, C., Turazi, C. M. V., & Hermuche, P. M. (2017). Spatial-Temporal Patterns of Bean Crop in Brazil over the Period 1990–2013. ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information, 6(4), 107. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi6040107

Coimbra, J. L. M., Guidolin, A. F., & Carvalho, F. I. F. de. (1999). Parâmetros genéticos do rendimento de grãos e seus componentes com implicações na seleção indireta em genótipos de feijão preto. Ciência Rural, 29(1), 1–6. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-84781999000100001

Cruz, C. D. (2013). Genes: a software package for analysis in experimental statistics and quantitative genetics. Acta Scientiarum. Agronomy, 35(3), 271–276. https://doi.org/10.4025/actasciagron.v35i3.21251

de Oliveira, T. C., Silva, J., dos Santos, M. M., Cancellier, E. L., & Fidelis, R. R. (2014). Desempenho agronômico de cultivares de feijão em função da adubação fosfatada no sul do estado do Tocantins. Caatinga, 27(1), 50–59. https://periodicos.ufersa.edu.br/index.php/caatinga/article/view/2657

Gaut, B. S. (2014). The complex domestication history of the common bean. Nature Genetics, 46(7), 663–664. https://doi.org/10.1038/ng.3017

Gazziero, D. L. P., Adegas, F. S., Silva, A. F., & Concenço, G. (2019). Estimating yield losses in soybean due to sourgrass interference. Planta Daninha, 37. https://doi.org/10.1590/s0100-83582019370100047

Karavidas, I., Ntatsi, G., Vougeleka, V., Karkanis, A., Ntanasi, T., Saitanis, C., Agathokleous, E., Ropokis, A., Sabatino, L., Tran, F., Iannetta, P. P. M., & Savvas, D. (2022). Agronomic Practices to Increase the Yield and Quality of Common Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.): A Systematic Review. Agronomy, 12(2), 271. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy12020271

Kranz, W. M., Junior, N. da S. F., Passini, T., & Martins, N. M. B. (2009). Ocorrência e distribuição de plantas daninhas no Paraná. Iapar.

Lovato, F., Kowaleski, J., Silva, S. Z. da, & Heldt, L. F. S. (2017). Composição centesimal e conteúdo mineral de diferentes cultivares de feijão biorfortificado (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). Brazilian Journal of Food Technology, 21(e2017068). https://doi.org/10.1590/1981-6723.6817

Machado, A. B., Trezzi, M. M. ., Vidal, R. A., Patel, F., Cieslik, L. F., & Debastiani, F. (2015). Rendimento de grãos de feijão e nível de dano econômico sob dois períodos de competição com Euphorbia heterophylla. Planta Daninha, 33(1), 41–48. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-83582015000100005

Manabe, P., Matos, C., Ferreira, E., Silva, A., Silva, A., Sediyama, T., Manabe, A., Ribeiro, P., & Silva, C. (2015). Effect of weed competition in bean. Bioscience Journal, 31, 333–343.

Marana, J. P., Miglioranza, É., Fonseca, É. de P., & Kainuma, R. H. (2008). Índices de qualidade e crescimento de mudas de café produzidas em tubetes. Ciência Rural, 38(1), 39–45. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-84782008000100007

Melo, P. G. S., Alvares, R. C., Pereira, H. S., Braz, A. J. B. P., Faria, L. C., & Melo, L. C. (2018). Adaptability and stability of common bean genotypes in family farming systems. Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira, 53(2), 189–196. https://doi.org/10.1590/s0100-204x2018000200007

Oliveira, A. B. B., Andrade, A. C., Magalhães, J. A., Rodrigues, B. H. N., Mehl, H. U., Santos, F. J. de S., Silva, E. M. da, Costa, C. A. A., & Costa, N. de L. (2015). Produtividade do capim-digitária (Digitaria spp.) sob diferentes doses de nitrogênio. PubVet, 9(2), 70–75. https://www.cabdirect.org/cabdirect/abstract/20163058667

Pavinato, P. S., Pauletti, V., Motta, A. C. V., Moreira, A., & Motta, A. C. V. (2017). Manual de adubação e calagem para o Estado do Paraná (p. 482). SBCS/NEPAR.

Poorter, H., & Evans, J. R. (1998). Photosynthetic nitrogen-use efficiency of species that differ inherently in specific leaf area. Oecologia, 116(1–2), 26–37. https://doi.org/10.1007/s004420050560

Ptushenko, V. V., Ptushenko, O. S., Samoilova, O. P., & Solovchenko, A. E. (2016). An exceptional irradiance-induced decrease of light trapping in two Tradescantia species: an unexpected relationship with the leaf architecture and zeaxanthin-mediated photoprotection. Biologia Plantarum, 60(2), 385–393. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10535-016-0593-7

Salgado, T. P., Salles, M. S., Martins, J. V. F., & Alves, P. L. C. A. (2007). Interferência das plantas daninhas no feijoeiro carioca. Planta Daninha, 25(3), 443–448. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-83582007000300002

Schmitt, J., & Wulff, R. D. (1993). Light spectral quality, phytochrome and plant competition. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 8(2), 47–51. https://doi.org/10.1016/0169-5347(93)90157-K

Schulze, E.-D., Beck, E., Buchmann, N., Clemens, S., Müller-Hohenstein, K., & Scherer-Lorenzen, M. (2019). Plant Ecology. Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-56233-8

Semchenko, M., Lepik, M., Götzenberger, L., & Zobel, K. (2012). Positive effect of shade on plant growth: amelioration of stress or active regulation of growth rate? Journal of Ecology, 100(2), 459–466. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2745.2011.01936.x

Silva, A. F., Ferreira, E. A., Concenço, G., Ferreira, F. A., Aspiazu, I., Galon, L., Sediyama, T., & Silva, A. A. (2008). Densidades de plantas daninhas e épocas de controle sobre os componentes de produção da soja. Planta Daninha, 26(1), 65–71. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-83582008000100007

Silva, D. R. O., Aguiar, A. C. M., Basso, C. J., Borella, J., Gheller, D. P., Novello, B. D., & Rieder, E. (2019). Bean yield loss in response to volunteer corn. Revista Brasileira de Ciências Agrárias - Brazilian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 14(2), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.5039/agraria.v14i2a5636

Silveira, H. M. da, Langaro, A. C., La Cruz, R. A., Sediyama, T., & Silva, A. A. (2018). Glyphosate efficacy on sourgrass biotypes with suspected resistance collected in GR-crop fields. Acta Scientiarum. Agronomy, 40(1), 35120. https://doi.org/10.4025/actasciagron.v40i1.35120

Song, Y., Li, J., Liu, M., Meng, Z., Liu, K., & Sui, N. (2019). Nitrogen increases drought tolerance in maize seedlings. Functional Plant Biology, 46(4), 350. https://doi.org/10.1071/FP18186

Soratto, R. P., Crusciol, C. A. C., Silva, L. M. da, & Lemos, L. B. (2005). Aplicação tardia de nitrogênio no feijoeiro em sistema de plantio direto. Bragantia, 64(2), 211–218. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0006-87052005000200007

Storck, L., Garcia, D. C., Lopes, S. J., & Estefanel, V. (2011). Experimentação vegetal (3rd ed.). Editora UFSM.

Taiz, L., Zeiger, E., Møller, I. M., & Murphy, A. (2017). Fisiologia e desenvolvimento vegetal (6th ed.). Artmed.

Takano, H. K., de Oliveira, R. S., Constantin, J., Mangolim, C. A., Machado, M. de F. P. S., & Bevilaqua, M. R. R. (2018). Spread of glyphosate-resistant sourgrass ( Digitaria insularis ): Independent selections or merely propagule dissemination? Weed Biology and Management, 18(1), 50–59. https://doi.org/10.1111/wbm.12143

Teixeira, I. R., Borem, A., Andrade, M. J. B. de, Del Giúdice, M. P., & Cecon, P. R. (2004). Teores de clorofila em plantas de feijoeiros influenciadas pela adubação com manganês e zinco. Acta Scientiarum. Agronomy, 26(2). https://doi.org/10.4025/actasciagron.v26i2.1876

Vidal, R., Skora-Neto, F., Kalsing, A., Trezzi, M. M., & Lamego, F. (2010). Nível crítico de dano (NCD) de infestantes na cultura do feijão. In R. Vidal, J. Portugal, & F. Skora-Neto (Eds.), Nível crítico de dano de infestantes em culturas anuais (pp. 32–38). Evangraf.

Villalobos, F. J., Sadras, V. O., & Fereres, E. (2016). Plant Density and Competition. In Principles of Agronomy for Sustainable Agriculture (pp. 159–168). Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-46116-8_12

Zambão, J., Bittencourt, H. v. H., T.S. Bonome, L., M. Trezzi, M., & Fernandes, A. C. P. P. (2020). Water restriction, salinity and depth influence the germination and emergence of sourgrass. Planta Daninha, 38. https://doi.org/10.1590/s0100-83582020380100057

Downloads

Published

24/04/2022

How to Cite

TOMAZINI, J.; BITTENCOURT, H. von H. .; BONOME, L. T. da S. .; PENHA, L. A. O. .; PASSINI, T. The population density of Digitaria insularis influences Phaseolus vulgaris agronomic traits. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 11, n. 6, p. e18611628924, 2022. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i6.28924. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/28924. Acesso em: 28 may. 2022.

Issue

Section

Agrarian and Biological Sciences