Quality of life and associated factors in individuals with schizophrenia undergoing treatment in a day-hospital: the experience of a psychiatric center in northeastern Brazil

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v11i7.29084

Keywords:

Quality of Life; Schizophrenia; WHOQoL-Bref.

Abstract

Schizophrenia is a serious and persistent disorder. It has different consequences in the behavioral, emotional, cognitive, functional and social spheres, interfering in the quality of life (Qol) of individuals. OBJECTIVE: to describe the quality of life in individuals undergoing treatment for schizophrenia in a day hospital, verifying the association with sociodemographic, diagnostic and therapeutic characteristics. METHODOLOGY: cross-sectional study with 62 individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia, on a daily hospital regimen. A sociodemographic and diagnostic and therapeutic characterization questionnaire and the WHOQoL-bref were applied. The means of the physical, psychological, social and environmental domains and the percentage of the qoL category "needs to improve" between sociodemographic, diagnostic and therapeutic variables were compared. RESULTS: in the sample with a mean (SD) age of 42.4 (11.1) years, predominance of men (61.2%), schooling above 8 years (95.2%) and self-declared white (59.7%), it was observed that the diagnosis prevailed in adulthood (8 5.5%), with more than 3 hospitalizations (37.1%) and the use of long-action neuroleptics (45.1%). Quality of life was more compromised for the physical (p=0.027) and psychological (p=0.022) domains among women. Singles/divorced had worse quality of life in the physical (p=0.006) and psychological (p=0.017) domains. Those using long-action neuroleptics had better quality of life scores in the psychological domain (p=0.021). CONCLUSION: there was a worse perception of quality of life among women, people without a partner, with fixed income and who did not use long-action neuroleptics.

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Published

17/05/2022

How to Cite

FERNANDES, R. L.; BOA SORTE, N.; SANTOS, B. D. S. .; BRITO, B. A. O.; NAVARRO, L. . Quality of life and associated factors in individuals with schizophrenia undergoing treatment in a day-hospital: the experience of a psychiatric center in northeastern Brazil. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 11, n. 7, p. e12011729084, 2022. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i7.29084. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/29084. Acesso em: 28 feb. 2024.

Issue

Section

Health Sciences