Incidence of the new coronavirus disease in Brazil in periods before and after the elections and the governmental influence on the progression of cases

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v11i6.29323

Keywords:

Coronavirus; Democracy; Brazil.

Abstract

The research aimed to carry out an epidemiological survey comparing the cases of COVID-19 in moments before and after the electoral period in Brazil, pointing out the influences of the federal public administration in the increase in incidence and consequent mortality. This is a quantitative epidemiological study with a critical approach, based on secondary data from the Information and Notifiable Diseases System (SINAN) found in the Information Technology Department of the Unified Health System (DATASUS), whose data are from March to December 2020, and January to March 2021 were selected. We analyzed 12,748,747 confirmed cases of COVID-19 grouped in incidence by month in the period evaluated and compared them by the non-parametric Kruskal-Wallis method, where a P value <0.05 was considered statistically significant. The data from this study demonstrate the significant increase in cases of COVID-19 in Brazil, where in November (the month after the elections), there is an increase in notifications compared to the month of October, the increase becomes statistically significant from the month of December onwards, which is the drastic scenario in the following year. In summary, based on the data expressed, it can be concluded that the Brazilian electoral period was largely influential in the worsening of the pandemic in the country.

Author Biographies

Estéfane Silva Santos, University Center for Technology and Science of Feira de Santana

Graduating in Nursing from the University Center for Technology and Science of Feira de Santana - UNIFTC

Danrley Oliveira Carneiro, Federal University of Santa Maria

Bachelor in Biomedicine; Postgraduate Student in Pos graduation Program in Public Health Organization Management, Federal University of Santa Maria - UFSM, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

Weslley de Jesus Santos, State University of Feira of Santana

Bachelor in biomedicine; Specialist in cell and molecular biology; Master’s student in biotechnology by Feira de Santana University State, Brazil.

 

Débora Silva Amorim, Higher Education Unit of Feira de Santana

Graduating in Biomedicine from the Higher Education Unit of Feira de Santana – UNEF.

Carolina Ferreira Amorim, Federal University of Bahia

Laboratory of Immunology and Molecular Biology, Institute of Health Sciences, Federal University of Bahia (UFBA), Salvador, Bahia, Brazil.

Felicson Leonardo Oliveira Lima, State University of Feira of Santana

Bachelor in biomedicine; Specialist in cell and molecular biology; Master’s student in biotechnology by Feira de Santana University State, Brazil

References

Alcadipani, R. (2020). Pandemic and macho organizations: Wake‐up call or business as usual? Gender, Work & Organization, 27(5), 734-746.

Alvarenga, A. A., Rocha, E. M. S., Filippon, J., & Andrade, M. A. C. (2021). Challenges for the Brazilian State from the COVID-19 pandemic: the case of paradiplomacy in the state of Maranhão. Cadernos de saude publica, 36.

Aquino, E. M., Silveira, I. H., Pescarini, J. M., Aquino, R., Souza-Filho, J. A. D., Rocha, A. D. S., & Lima, R. T. D. R. S. (2020). Social distancing measures to control the COVID-19 pandemic: potential impacts and challenges in Brazil. Ciencia & saude coletiva, 25, 2423-2446.

Barberia, L. G., Costa, S. F., & Sabino, E. C. (2021). Brazil needs a coordinated and cooperative approach to tackle COVID-19. Nature Medicine, 27(7), 1133-1134.

Calil, G. G. (2021). A negação da pandemia: reflexões sobre a estratégia bolsonarista. Serviço Social & Sociedade, 30-47.

Cardoso, C. R. D. B., Fernandes, A. P. M., & Santos, I. K. F. D. M. (2020). What happens in Brazil? A pandemic of misinformation that culminates in an endless disease burden. Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical, 54.

Carvalho, J. R., & Lima, M. P. (2020). “O comércio não pode parar”: discursos e sentidos, em Redenção–PA, durante o lockdown da pandemia de 2020. Espaço e Tempo Midiáticos, 3(2), 11-11.

Chen, Y., Klein, S. L., Garibaldi, B. T., Li, H., Wu, C., Osevala, N. M., ... & Leng, S. X. (2021). Aging in COVID-19: Vulnerability, immunity and intervention. Ageing research reviews, 65, 101205.

Dada, S., Ashworth, H. C., Bewa, M. J., & Dhatt, R. (2021). Words matter: political and gender analysis of speeches made by heads of government during the COVID-19 pandemic. BMJ global health, 6(1), e003910.

Ferigato, S., Fernandez, M., Amorim, M., Ambrogi, I., Fernandes, L. M., & Pacheco, R. (2020). The Brazilian Government's mistakes in responding to the COVID-19 pandemic. The Lancet, 396(10263), 1636.

Liu, Y. C., Kuo, R. L., & Shih, S. R. (2020). COVID-19: The first documented coronavirus pandemic in history. Biomedical journal, 43(4), 328-333.

Malinverni, C., & Brigagão, J. I. M. (2020). COVID-19: scientific arguments, denialism, eugenics, and the construction of the antisocial distancing discourse in Brazil. Frontiers in Communication, 92.

Marinho, P. R. D., Cordeiro, G. M., Coelho, H. F., & Brandão, S. C. S. (2021). Covid-19 in Brazil: A sad scenario. Cytokine & growth factor reviews, 58, 51-54.

Rosário, L. (2020). A necropolítica genocida de Bolsonaro em tempos de pandemia e o projeto ultra-neoliberal. Revista Interdisciplinar em Cultura e Sociedade, 28-49.

Satomi, E., Souza, P. M. R. D., Thomé, B. D. C., Reingenheim, C., Werebe, E., Troster, E. J., ... & Borges, P. C. D. M. (2020). Alocação justa de recursos de saúde escassos diante da pandemia de COVID-19: considerações éticas. Einstein (São Paulo), 18.

Silva, M. M. (2021). Um Estudo Do Discurso Do Ex-capitão Jair Messias Bolsonaro Pela Análise Do Discurso Ecossistêmica. Ecolinguística: Revista Brasileira de Ecologia e Linguagem, 7(1), 18-34.

Silva, M. R., Pires, G. D. L., & Pereira, R. S. (2020). O necroliberalismo, bolsonaro'vírus mental'e a pandemia da COVID-19 como casos de saúde pública: o real resiste?. Motrivivência, 32(61), 1-18.

Silva, M. R., Pires, G. D. L., Pereira, R. S., & Bianchi, P. (2020). Bolsonaro e a COVID-19: e daí?“o Brazil tá matando o Brasil”,“do Brasil, SOS ao Brasil”,“chora a nossa pátria, mãe gentil...”. Motrivivência, 32(62), 01-19.

Silva, S. J. R., & Pena, L. (2021). Collapse of the public health system and the emergence of new variants during the second wave of the COVID-19 pandemic in Brazil. One Health, 13, 100287.

Tarouco, G. (2021). Covid‐19 and the Brazilian 2020 Municipal Elections. International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (IDEA). Published February, 19.

Downloads

Published

08/05/2022

How to Cite

SANTOS, E. S. .; CARNEIRO, D. O. .; SANTOS, W. de J. .; AMORIM, D. S. .; AMORIM, C. F. .; LIMA, F. L. O. . Incidence of the new coronavirus disease in Brazil in periods before and after the elections and the governmental influence on the progression of cases. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 11, n. 6, p. e52711629323, 2022. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i6.29323. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/29323. Acesso em: 4 jul. 2022.

Issue

Section

Health Sciences