Identification of maternal conditions and risk factors for teenage pregnancy: an integrative review

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v11i6.29498

Keywords:

Teenage pregnancy; Risk factors; Revision; Teaching.

Abstract

Adolescent pregnancy is a public health issue, which involves biological, social, economic and cultural aspects. Thus, it is important to understand maternal conditions and risk factors associated with pregnancy at this stage of human development, so that better interventions and clinical practices can be designed. This study aimed to identify maternal conditions and risk factors associated with teenage pregnancy. Therefore, an integrative literature review was carried out, using the PICO strategy. The results showed that this phenomenon has physical, socioeconomic and educational implications for those who experience it. Young mothers usually have losses, which are often preventable, that increase the risk of maternal and child mortality. The conditions of social vulnerability and the lack of family support are highlighted, which increase the risk of adverse situations and negative outcomes. Thus, it is important that health education interventions are carried out so that there is less risk, making women have their children in a more favorable environment.

Author Biography

Breno de Oliveira Ferreira, Universidade Federal do Amazonas

Prof. Adjunto da Universidade Federal do Amazonas (UFAM)
Programa de Pós-Graduação (Stricto Sensu) em Psicologia (PPGPSI-UFAM)
Psicólogo, pedagogo e doutor em Saúde Coletiva
Lattes: http://lattes.cnpq.br/1349420367392809

References

Gurung, R., Målqvist, M., Hong, Z., Poudel, P.G., Sunny, A.K., Sharma, S., Mishra, S., & Nurova, N., Kc. A (2020). The burden of adolescent motherhood and health consequences in Nepal. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. May 24;20(1):318. 10.1186/s12884-020-03013-8.

Tembo, T., Koyuncu, A., Zhuo, H., Mwendafilumba, M., & Manasyan. A (2020). The association of maternal age with adverse neonatal outcomes in Lusaka, Zambia: a prospective cohort study. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 11;20(1):684. 10.1186/s12884-020-03361-5.

Govender, D., Naidoo, S., & Taylor, M (2019). Prevalence and Risk Factors of Repeat Pregnancy among South African Adolescent Females. Afr J Reprod Health. 23 (1), 73-87.

Osok, J. et al (2018). Depression and its psychosocial risk factors in pregnant Kenyan adolescents: a cross-sectional study in a community health Centre of Nairobi. BMC Psychiatry.18 (1), 136.

Dimitriu, M., Ionescu, C.A., Matei, A., Viezuina, R., Rosu, G., Ilinca, C., Banacu, M., & Ples, L. (2019). The problems associated with adolescent pregnancy in Romania: A cross-sectional study. J Eval Clin Pract. 25(1):117-124.

Wong, S.P.W. et al. (2020). Risk Factors and Birth Outcomes Associated with Teenage Pregnancy: A Canadian Sample. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol. 33 (2), 153-159.

Abebe, A.M., Fitie, G.W., Jember, D.A., Reda, M.M., & Wake, G.E (2018). Teenage Pregnancy and Its Adverse Obstetric and Perinatal Outcomes at Lemlem Karl Hospital, Tigray, Ethiopia. Biomed Res Int. 2020:3124847.

Béria, J. U. et al. (2020) Motherhood in early adolescence: a case-control study in Southern Brazil. Cien Saude Colet. 25 (2), 439-448.

Xie, Y., Wang, X., Mu, Y. et al. (2021). Characteristics and adverse outcomes of Chinese adolescent pregnancies between 2012 and 2019. Sci Rep 11, 12508.

Worku, M.G. et al. (2021). Prevalence and associated factors of adolescent pregnancy (15–19 years) in East Africa: a multilevel analysis. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth. 21(1).

Assis, T.S.C. et al. (2021). Pregnancy in adolescence in Brazil: associated factors with maternal age. Revista Brasileira de Saude Materno Infantil. 21(4): 1055-1064.

Paredes, J.C. & Santa-Cruz-Espinoza, H. (2021). Risk factors associated with pregnancy in adolescents. Enfermería Global. 20(2):119-128.

Ayazbekov, A. et al. (2020). Features of pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum period of young mothers. Electronic Journal of General Medicine. 17(6): 1-8.

Berhane, Y. et al. (2020). The age of opportunity: prevalence of key risk factors among adolescents 10–19 years of age in nine communities in sub-Saharan Africa. Tropical Medicine and International Health. 25(1):15-32.

Karai, A. et al. (2019). Adverse perinatal outcome in teenage pregnancies: an analysis of a 5-year period in Southeastern Hungary. Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine.32(14):2376-9.

Galvão, C. M. (2006). Níveis de evidência. Acta Paul Enferm., 19(2), 5-5.

Zangiacomi-Martinez, E. & Da-Roza, D.L. (2020). Ecological analysis of adolescent birth rates in Brazil: Association with Human Development Index. Women Birth. 33 (2): e191-e198

Vieira, C.L., Flores, P.V., Camargo, K.R., Pinheiro, R.S., Cabral, C.S., Aguiar, F.P. &, Coeli, C.M (2016). Rapid Repeat Pregnancy in Brazilian Adolescents: Interaction between Maternal Schooling and Age. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol. 29 (4): 382-5

Chirwa-Kambole, E., Svanemyr, J., Sandøy, I., Hangoma, P. & Zulu, J.M. (2020). Acceptability of youth clubs focusing on comprehensive sexual and reproductive health education in rural Zambian schools: a case of Central Province. BMC Health Serv Res. 20 (42).

Marques, T. M. et al. (2022). Adolescentes grávidas que experienciaram o nascimento prematuro: percepções acerca do cuidado pré-natal. Escola Anna Nery [online]. 26, e20210253. https://doi.org/10.1590/2177-9465-EAN-2021-0253.

Debras, E., Revaux, A., Bricou, A., et al. (2014). Devenir obste cohorte de patientes en Seine-Saint-Denis Obstetric and neonatal outcomes of adolescent pregnancies: a cohort study in a hospital in Seine-Saint-Denis France. Gynécologie Obstétrique & Fertilité. 42(9):579–584

Pan American Health Organization (OPAS); United Nations Population Fund; United Nations Children’s Fund (2016). Accelerating progress toward the reduction of adolescent pregnancy in Latin America and the Caribbean. Report of a technical consultation. Washington D.C.: USA, August 29-30, 2016.

Kassa, G.M., Arowojolu, A.O., Odukogbe, A.A. et al. (2018). Prevalence and determinants of adolescent pregnancy in Africa: a systematic review and Meta-analysis. Reprod Health 15, 195.

Pradhan, R., Wynter, K., Fisher, J. (2015) Factors associated with pregnancy among adolescents in low-income and lower middle-income countries: a systematic review. J Epidemiol Community Health. 69(9):918.

Mchunu, G., Peltzer, K., Tutshana, B., & Seutlwadi, L. (2012) Adolescent pregnancy and associated factors in south African youth. Afr Health Sci. 12(4):426–34.

Kaphagawani N.C & Kalipeni, E. (2016). Sociocultural factors contributing to teenage pregnancy in Zomba district, Malawi. Glob Public Health.12(6):694–710.

Beyene, A., Muhiye, A., Getachew, Y., Hiruye, A., Mariam, D.H., Derbew, M., et al. (2015) Assessment of the magnitude of teenage pregnancy and its associated factors among teenage females visiting Assosa General Hospital. Ethiopian Med J. (Suppl 2):25–3

Published

04/05/2022

How to Cite

TROMBETTA , T. C. .; BENTES, T. K. .; SILVA , N. L. da .; QUEIROZ, Y. S. .; LIRA NETO, J. C. G. .; FERREIRA, B. de O. Identification of maternal conditions and risk factors for teenage pregnancy: an integrative review. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 11, n. 6, p. e47311629498, 2022. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i6.29498. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/29498. Acesso em: 24 may. 2022.

Issue

Section

Health Sciences