Personal protective equipment use and hand hygiene among physical therapists during the COVID-19 pandemic: an observational study




Personal Protective Equipment; Biohazard Containment; COVID-19; Hand Disinfection; Occupational exposure.


Objective: to describe personal protective equipment (PPE) use, hand hygiene and the association with biosafety training among physical therapists during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: this exploratory, observational, and transversal study was conducted in Brazil during the pandemic using an online self-administered questionnaire composed of the socio-demographic characteristics, PPE use, and hand hygiene. Statistical analysis was performed using Spearman’s correlation and logistic regression. Results: the most PPE used were long-sleeved lab coats (82.4%), face masks (81.4%) and closed shoes (79.1%). Most physical therapists washed hands before and after procedures (87.4%). Only 47.5% had biosafety training during the COVID-19 pandemic. Biosafety training was associated with medical apron (OR = 2.21. 95%CI = 1.08 to 4.52), isolation gown (OR = 2.71. 95%CI =1.09 to 6.75), long-sleeved lab coat (OR = 0.44. 95%CI = 0.22 to 0.87) and safety goggles (OR = 2.15. 95%CI = 1.21 to 3.84). Conclusion: although PPE use and hand hygiene are part of the Brazilian physical therapist routine, almost half of the assessed physical therapists had not performed biosafety training during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Author Biographies

Caroline Freire Silva, UNIFACISA University Center

Fisioterapeuta pelo Centro Universitário UNIFACISA

Lucas Sinesio Santos, UNIFACISA University Center

Fisioterapeuta pelo Centro Universitário UNIFACISA

Vanessa Ariane Neves, UNIFACISA University Center

Fisioterapeuta pelo Centro Universitário UNIFACISA.

Emmily Santos Ribeiro, UNIFACISA University Center

Fisioterapeuta pelo Centro Universitário UNIFACISA

Maria Heloyse Martins de Lima Silva, UNIFACISA University Center

Fisioterapeuta pelo Centro Universitário UNIFACISA

Jacqueline Cavalieri Nery, UNIFACISA University Center

Mestre em Engenharia de Materiais pelo Centro Federal de Educação Tecnológica de Minas Gerais (CEFET-MG) e Docente do Curso de Bacharelado em Fisioterapia do Centro Universitário UNIFACISA

Gabriela Lopes Gama, UNIFACISA University Center

Doutora em Ciência da Saúde pela Universidade Cruzeiro do Sul (UNICSUL), Fisioterapeuta do Instituto de Pesquisa Professor Joaquim Amorim Neto (IPESQ) e Docente do Curso de Bacharelado em Fisioterapia e Educação Física do Centro Universitário UNIFACISA


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How to Cite

SILVA, C. F.; SANTOS, L. S.; NEVES, V. A.; RIBEIRO, E. S.; SILVA, M. H. M. de L.; NERY, J. C.; GAMA, G. L. Personal protective equipment use and hand hygiene among physical therapists during the COVID-19 pandemic: an observational study. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 11, n. 7, p. e2211729591, 2022. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i7.29591. Disponível em: Acesso em: 6 jul. 2022.



Health Sciences