Qualification of postgraduate programs in Dentistry on the perceived stress and QoL of faculty members and students

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v11i7.30076

Keywords:

Qualidade de vida; Faculdade; Alunos; Dental; Ensino em saúde.

Abstract

The objective of the present study was to compare the perceived stress and quality of life (QoL) between Brazilian graduate students and faculty members and to evaluate the influence of the CAPES qualification grade on these outcomes. Self-administered questionnaires were sent to faculty members and students of the CAPES (Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior) accredited institutions in Brazil. A total of 348 faculty members and 707 students answered the questionnaires, from all parts of the country. Students had fewer hours of sleep and presented lower scores (p<0.05) in the four domains of the QoL (physical, psychological, social, and environment) when compared to faculty members, also higher PSS scores (p<0.05). When the students were compared between them, students from CAPES grade, 3 programs presented the highest perceived PSS scores and CAPES grade 7 programs presented the lowest. For the QoL results CAPES grades 3 and 6 programs students reported the lower scores and grade 7 the highest. Faculty members working in CAPES grade 6 programs reported the highest PSS scores. As for the QoL results, faculty members of CAPES recognized grade 5 programs reported the lowest scores in three domains: Social, physical, and psychological, while grade 7 faculty members reported the highest in the four domains. This study showed that students had higher levels of PSS and lower QoL and there was a difference in these outcomes considering the CAPES qualification grade mainly among students. 

References

Abraham, S. B., Amini, A. M. A, Khorshed, N. E, & Awad, M. (2018). Quality of life of dentists. European journal of dentistry, 12(01), 111-115. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1155/2020/5654627

Adlaf, E., Gliksman, L., Demers, A., & Newton-Taylor, B. (2001 ). The prevalence of elevated psychological distress among Canadian undergraduates: findings from the 1998 Canadian Campus Survey. J Am Coll Health, 50(2), 67-72. DOI: 10.1080/07448480109596009.

Al-Shibani, N., & Al-Kattan, R. (2019). Evaluation of quality of life among dental students using WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire in Saudi Arabia: A cross-sectional study. Pak J Med Sci, 35(3), 668-673. DOI: 10.12669/pjms.35.3.213

Al-Sowygh, Z. (2013). Academic distress, perceived stress and coping strategies among dental students in Saudi Arabia. The Saudi Dental Journal, 25(3), 97-105. DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2013.05.002

Alkatheri, A., Bustami, R., Albekairy, A., Alanizi, A., Alnafesah, R., Almodaimegh, H., et al. (2020). Quality of Life and Stress Level Among Health Professions Students. Health Professions Education, 6, 201-210. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hpe.2019.11.004

Alrayes, N., Alshammary, H., Alamoudi, M., Alfardan, B., Alhareky, M., & Nazir, M. (2020). Evaluation of Quality of Life among Dental Professionals by Using the WHOQOL-BREF Instrument in Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia. The Scientific World Journal, 2020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1155/2020/5654627

Alves, P., Oliveira, A., & Paro, H. (2019). Quality of life and burnout among faculty members: How much does the field of knowledge matter? PLoS ONE, 14(3), e0214217. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0214217

BRASIL. (2016). GEOCAPES Sistema de Informações Georreferenciadas. CAPES.

Brown, G., Bifulco, A., Harris, T., & Bridge, L. (1986). Life stress, chronic subclinical symptoms and vulnerability to clinical depression. J Affect Disord, 11(1), 1-19. DOI: 10.1016/0165-0327(86)90054-6

Chilukuri, H., Bachali, S., Naidu, N., Basha, A., & Selvam, S. (2012). Perceived stress amongst medical and dental students. AP J Psychol Med, 13(2), 104-107.

Chisholm-Burns, M., Spivey, C., Jaeger, M., & Williams, J. (2017). Associations between pharmacy students’ attitudes toward debt, stress, and student loans. Am J Pharm Educ, 81(7), 5918. DOI: 10.5688/ajpe8175918

Cohen, S., Kamarck, T., & Mermelstein, R. (1983). A global measure of perceived stress. Journal of Health and Social Behavio, 24, 385-396. https://doi.org/10.2307/2136404

Divaris, K., Polychronopoulou, A., Taoufik, K., Katsaros, C., & Eliades, T. (2012). Stress and burnout in postgraduate dental education. European Journal of Dental Education, 16(1), 35–42. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0579.2011.00715.x

Eysenck, H. J., & Rachman, S. (2013). The Causes and Cures of Neurosis (Psychology Revivals): An introduction to modern behaviour therapy based on learning theory and the principles of conditioning: Routledge.

Fleck, M., Louzada, S., Xavier, M., Chachamovich, E., Vieira, G., Santos, L., et al. (2000). Application of the Portuguese version of the abbreviated instrument of quality life WHOQOL-bref. Rev Saude Publica, 34(2), 178-183. DOI: 10.1590/s0034-89102000000200012

GROUP, T. W. (1995). The World Health Organization Quality of Life Assessment (WHOQOL): Position paper from the World Health Organization. Soc. Sci. Med., 41(10), 1403 1409.

Kessing, L., Agerbo, E., & Mortensen, P. (2003). Does the impact of major stressful life events on the risk of developing depression change throughout life? Psychol Med., 33(7), 1177-1184. doi: 10.1017/s0033291703007852.

Langelaan, S., Bakker, A. B., Van Doornen, L. J., & Schaufeli, W. B. (2006). Burnout and work engagement: Do individual differences make a difference? Personality and individual differences, 40(3), 521-532. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2005.07.009

Mauno, S., Ruokolainen, M., & Kinnunen, U. (2013). Does aging make employees more resilient to job stress? Age as a moderator in the job stressor–well-being relationship in three Finnish occupational samples. Aging & Mental Health, 17(4), 411-422. DOI: 10.1080/13607863.2012.747077

Meng, Q., & Wang, G. (2018). A research on sources of university faculty occupational stress: a Chinese case study. Psychology Research and Behavior Management, 11, 597–605. doi: 10.2147/PRBM.S187295

Middeldorp, C. M., Cath, D. C., van den Berg, M., Beem, A. L., Van Dyck, R., & Boomsma, D. I. (2006). The association of personality with anxious and depressive psychopathology. The biological basis of personality and individual differences, 251-272.

Nayan, N., Daud, A., Jamaluddin, T., & Talib, S. (2017). Perceived Depression, Anxiety and Stress Among UiTM Dental Undergraduates in Clinical Years. Environment-Behaviour Proceedings Journal, 2(6), 81- 86. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21834/e-bpj.v2i6.954

Organization, W. H. (1996). WHOQOL-BREF: Introduction, administration, scoring and generic version of the assessment: field trial version.

Pressman, S., Matthews, K., Cohen, S., Martire, L., Scheier, M., Baum, A., et al. (2009). Association of Enjoyable Leisure Activities With Psychological and Physical Well-Being. Psychosom Med, 71(7), 725–732. DOI: 10.1097/PSY.0b013e3181ad7978

Qian, X., Yarnal, C., & Almeida, D. (2014). Does leisure time moderate or mediate the effect of daily stress on positive affect? An examination using eight-day diary data. J Leis Res, 46(1), 106–124. DOI: 10.1080/00222216.2014.11950315

Redondo-Flórez, L., Tornero-Aguilera, J. F., Ramos-Campo, D. J., & Clemente-Suárez, V. J. (2020). Gender differences in stress-and burnout-related factors of university professors. BioMed Research International, 2020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1155/2020/6687358

Reis, R., Hino, A., & Añez, C. (2010 ). Perceived stress scale: reliability and validity study in Brazil. J Health Psychol, 15(1), 107-114. DOI: 10.1177/1359105309346343

SBPqO. (2018). 35th SBPqO Annual meeting. Braz Oral Res, 32(2), 28-528.

Scimago. (2021). SJR World Report https://www.scimagojr.com/worldreport.php?area=3500

Silva, M. L., Silva, M. L., Silva, A. C. S. P. d., Freitas, Y. J. F. d., Borges, N. M. P., Cruz, M. C. A., et al. (2020). Conditions that interfere with the Medicine students quality of life. Research, Society and Development, 9(11), e2469119640. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v9i11.9640.

Slovic, P., & Peters, E. (2006). Risk perception and affect. Current directions in psychological science, 15(6), 322-325.

Souza, J., Popoff, D., Oliveira, R., Almeida, E., Junior, H., & Martins, A. (2016). Profile and scientific production of Brazilian researchers in dentistry. Arq Odontol, 52(1), 13-22.

superior, C. d. a. d. p. d. n. (2021). Cursos avaliados e reconhecidos.

https://sucupira.capes.gov.br/sucupira/public/consultas/coleta/programa/quantitativos/quantitativoIes.xhtml?areaAvaliacao=18&areaConhecimento=40200000 Accessed March 13, 2021.

Zegeye, A., Mossie, A., Gebrie, A., & Markos, Y. (2018). Stress among postgraduate students and its association with substance use. J Psychiatry, 21(3).

Downloads

Published

27/05/2022

How to Cite

MEIRA, T. M. .; TANAKA, O.; JOHANN, A. C. B. R. .; REYES, A. A.; GASPARELLO, G. G. .; IGNÁCIO, S. A. . Qualification of postgraduate programs in Dentistry on the perceived stress and QoL of faculty members and students. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 11, n. 7, p. e34911730076, 2022. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i7.30076. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/30076. Acesso em: 6 jul. 2022.

Issue

Section

Health Sciences