Humor critical strategies in the production of political cartoons and contributions to the teaching of textual genres and discursive
Keywords:Humor; Criticism; Cartoon.
The critical humor is one of the main features of the cartoon genre. Although not only dealing with political issues, the cartoons guide for a speech in which report the daily events and various aspects of human behavior. Because they are dating, that is, to link to information rather discussed by the media, the cartoons tend to be regarded as ephemeral and dependent on the sharing of such information to be understood and therefore capable of causing humor and laughter. However, once resumed the context to which the charges relate is possible that the mood is rebuilt. Being a similar genre to the joke, the charge has a degree of subtle risibility, a kind of mental laugh, to promote critical reflection of political events represented by linguistic and imagistic discourses. The image in political cartoons is not only critical, but also refers to a particular context and can have as real-world features reference that lead to a comparative effect between the real and the imaginary. One of the problems people do not understand the meaning effects of cartoon genre is in fact not know, often the historical and discursive social context in which the charge is linked and prior knowledge. In this sense, the objective of this study focuses on investigating how humor is produced and formed by the political cartoons and how people perceive the funny stimulus that causes laughter. For this, we start from a selection and linguistic-discursive analysis of political cartoons taken from various newspapers of the country, besides the application of these in reading and interpreting activity in the classroom, with students with education and equal socioeconomic conditions. It was possible to verify that the interpretation was more presented when they had previous knowledge and knew identify the context of the cartoons.
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