Rehabilitation of the older adults in the post-covid-19 syndrome: protocol of a scoping review

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v11i14.36639

Keywords:

Aged; COVID-19; Rehabilitation.

Abstract

Aims: Analyze the available scientific evidence on the role of rehabilitation in the older adults with post-covid-19 syndrome. Methods: It will be considered indexed literature published in English, Spanish, and Portuguese, and extracted from ten different databases, up to the month of April/2022. Two authors will independently check the titles, abstracts, and full texts according to the eligibility criteria, and disagreements will be resolved by a third reviewer. In this review, studies with different designs that include older adults with post-covid-19 syndrome in the context of rehabilitation will be considered. A custom form will be used to extract the data from the included studies. The results will be presented in tabular form, accompanied by a narrative summary. Expected Results and Relevance of the Study: From the literature to be reviewed, it is expected to contribute to a better understanding of post-covid-19 syndrome in the older adults and the role of rehabilitation in the management of this condition.

References

Aprahamian, I., & Cesari, M. (2020). Geriatric Syndromes and SARS-Cov-2: More than Just Being Old. The Journal of Frailty & Aging, 9(3), 127–129.

Arksey, H., & O’Malley, L. (2005). Scoping studies: towards a methodological framework. International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 8(1), 19–32.

Colquhoun, H. L., Levac, D., O’Brien, K. K., Straus, S., Tricco, A. C., Perrier, L., Kastner, M., & Moher, D. (2014). Scoping reviews: time for clarity in definition, methods, and reporting. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 67(12), 1291–1294.

COVID-19 rapid guideline: managing the long-term effects of COVID-19. (2021). National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE).

Cruz-Jentoft, A. J., Bahat, G., Bauer, J., Boirie, Y., Bruyère, O., Cederholm, T., Cooper, C., Landi, F., Rolland, Y., Sayer, A. A., Schneider, S. M., Sieber, C. C., Topinkova, E., Vandewoude, M., Visser, M., Zamboni, M., & Writing Group for the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People 2 (EWGSOP2), and the Extended Group for EWGSOP2. (2019). Sarcopenia: revised European consensus on definition and diagnosis. Age and Ageing, 48(1), 16–31.

De Biase, S., Cook, L., Skelton, D. A., Witham, M., & Ten Hove, R. (2020). The COVID-19 rehabilitation pandemic. Age and Ageing, 49(5), 696–700.

Evans, R. A., McAuley, H., Harrison, E. M., Shikotra, A., Singapuri, A., Sereno, M., Elneima, O., Docherty, A. B., Lone, N. I., Leavy, O. C., Daines, L., Baillie, J. K., Brown, J. S., Chalder, T., De Soyza, A., Diar Bakerly, N., Easom, N., Geddes, J. R., Greening, N. J., … PHOSP-COVID Collaborative Group. (2021). Physical, cognitive, and mental health impacts of COVID-19 after hospitalisation (PHOSP-COVID): a UK multicentre, prospective cohort study. The Lancet. Respiratory Medicine, 9(11), 1275–1287.

Gadó, K., Kovács, A. K., Domján, G., Nagy, Z. Z., & Bednárik, G. D. (2022). COVID-19 and the elderly. Physiology International. https://doi.org/10.1556/2060.2022.00203

Goldin, S., Adler, L., Azuri, J., Mendel, L., Haviv, S., & Maimon, N. (2022). BNT162b2 mRNA COVID-19 (Comirnaty) Vaccine Effectiveness in Elderly Patients Who Live in Long-Term Care Facilities: A Nationwide Cohort. Gerontology, 1–8.

Huang, C., Huang, L., Wang, Y., Li, X., Ren, L., Gu, X., Kang, L., Guo, L., Liu, M., Zhou, X., Luo, J., Huang, Z., Tu, S., Zhao, Y., Chen, L., Xu, D., Li, Y., Li, C., Peng, L., … Cao, B. (2021). 6-month consequences of COVID-19 in patients discharged from hospital: a cohort study. In The Lancet (Vol. 397, Issue 10270, pp. 220–232). https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(20)32656-8

Johnson, J. K., Lapin, B., Green, K., & Stilphen, M. (2021). Frequency of Physical Therapist Intervention Is Associated With Mobility Status and Disposition at Hospital Discharge for Patients With COVID-19. Physical Therapy, 101(1). https://doi.org/10.1093/ptj/pzaa181

Levac, D., Colquhoun, H., & O’Brien, K. K. (2010). Scoping studies: advancing the methodology. Implementation Science: IS, 5, 69.

Lopez-Leon, S., Wegman-Ostrosky, T., Perelman, C., Sepulveda, R., Rebolledo, P. A., Cuapio, A., & Villapol, S. (2021). More than 50 Long-term effects of COVID-19: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Sci Rep. 11, 16144. https://doi.org/10.1101/2021.01.27.21250617

McWilliams, D., Weblin, J., Hodson, J., Veenith, T., Whitehouse, T., & Snelson, C. (2021). Rehabilitation Levels in Patients with COVID-19 Admitted to Intensive Care Requiring Invasive Ventilation. An Observational Study. Annals of the American Thoracic Society, 18(1), 122–129.

Moher, D., Liberati, A., Tetzlaff, J., Altman, D. G., & PRISMA Group. (2009). Preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses: the PRISMA statement. PLoS Medicine, 6(7), e1000097.

Nalbandian, A., Sehgal, K., Gupta, A., Madhavan, M. V., McGroder, C., Stevens, J. S., Cook, J. R., Nordvig, A. S., Shalev, D., Sehrawat, T. S., Ahluwalia, N., Bikdeli, B., Dietz, D., Der-Nigoghossian, C., Liyanage-Don, N., Rosner, G. F., Bernstein, E. J., Mohan, S., Beckley, A. A., … Wan, E. Y. (2021a). Post-acute COVID-19 syndrome. Nature Medicine, 27(4), 601–615.

Padilha de Lima, A., Macedo Rogero, M., Araujo Viel, T., Garay-Malpartida, H. M., Aprahamian, I., & Lima Ribeiro, S. M. (2022). Interplay between Inflammaging, Frailty and Nutrition in Covid-19: Preventive and Adjuvant Treatment Perspectives. The Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging, 26(1), 67–76.

Page, M. J., McKenzie, J. E., Bossuyt, P. M., Boutron, I., Hoffmann, T. C., Mulrow, C. D., Shamseer, L., Tetzlaff, J. M., Akl, E. A., Brennan, S. E., Chou, R., Glanville, J., Grimshaw, J. M., Hróbjartsson, A., Lalu, M. M., Li, T., Loder, E. W., Mayo-Wilson, E., McDonald, S., … Moher, D. (2021). The PRISMA 2020 statement: An updated guideline for reporting systematic reviews. International Journal of Surgery , 88, 105906.

Peters, M. D. J., Godfrey, C. M., Khalil, H., McInerney, P., Parker, D., & Soares, C. B. (2015). Guidance for conducting systematic scoping reviews. International Journal of Evidence-Based Healthcare, 13(3), 141–146.

Peters, M. D. J., Marnie, C., Tricco, A. C., Pollock, D., Munn, Z., Alexander, L., McInerney, P., Godfrey, C. M., & Khalil, H. (2021). Updated methodological guidance for the conduct of scoping reviews. In JBI Evidence Implementation (Vol. 19, Issue 1, pp. 3–10). https://doi.org/10.1097/xeb.0000000000000277

Piotrowicz, K., Gąsowski, J., Michel, J.-P., & Veronese, N. (2021). Post-COVID-19 acute sarcopenia: physiopathology and management. Aging Clinical and Experimental Research, 33(10), 2887–2898.

Santoro, A., Bientinesi, E., & Monti, D. (2021). Immunosenescence and inflammaging in the aging process: age-related diseases or longevity? Ageing Research Reviews, 71, 101422.

Sousa, E. M. de, Silva, I. L. C. da, Silva, L. G. B. da, Silva Neto, J. E. da, Amorim, D. N. P., Farias, R. R. S. de, Carrias, F. M. da S., & Macedo, L. L. B. de S. (2021). Impactos da pandemia da COVID-19 em idosos e estratégias de reabilitação adotadas. Research, Society and Development, 10(17), e89101724267.

Sudre, C. H., Murray, B., Varsavsky, T., Graham, M. S., Penfold, R. S., Bowyer, R. C., Pujol, J. C., Klaser, K., Antonelli, M., Canas, L. S., Molteni, E., Modat, M., Jorge Cardoso, M., May, A., Ganesh, S., Davies, R., Nguyen, L. H., Drew, D. A., Astley, C. M., … Steves, C. J. (2021). Attributes and predictors of long COVID. Nature Medicine, 27(4), 626–631.

Thornton, J. (2020). Covid-19: the challenge of patient rehabilitation after intensive care. BMJ , 369, m1787.

Townsend, L., Dowds, J., O’Brien, K., Sheill, G., Dyer, A. H., O’Kelly, B., Hynes, J. P., Mooney, A., Dunne, J., Ni Cheallaigh, C., O’Farrelly, C., Bourke, N. M., Conlon, N., Martin-Loeches, I., Bergin, C., Nadarajan, P., & Bannan, C. (2021). Persistent Poor Health after COVID-19 Is Not Associated with Respiratory Complications or Initial Disease Severity. Annals of the American Thoracic Society, 18(6), 997–1003.

Townsend, L., Dyer, A. H., Jones, K., Dunne, J., Mooney, A., Gaffney, F., O’Connor, L., Leavy, D., O’Brien, K., Dowds, J., Sugrue, J. A., Hopkins, D., Martin-Loeches, I., Ni Cheallaigh, C., Nadarajan, P., McLaughlin, A. M., Bourke, N. M., Bergin, C., O’Farrelly, C., … Conlon, N. (2020). Persistent fatigue following SARS-CoV-2 infection is common and independent of severity of initial infection. PloS One, 15(11), e0240784.

Tricco, A. C., Lillie, E., Zarin, W., O’Brien, K. K., Colquhoun, H., Levac, D., Moher, D., Peters, M. D. J., Horsley, T., Weeks, L., Hempel, S., Akl, E. A., Chang, C., McGowan, J., Stewart, L., Hartling, L., Aldcroft, A., Wilson, M. G., Garritty, C., … Straus, S. E. (2018). PRISMA Extension for Scoping Reviews (PRISMA-ScR): Checklist and Explanation. Annals of Internal Medicine, 169(7), 467–473.

van Haastregt, J. C. M., Everink, I. H. J., Schols, J. M. G. A., Grund, S., Gordon, A. L., Poot, E. P., Martin, F. C., O’Neill, D., Petrovic, M., Bachmann, S., van Balen, R., van Dam van Isselt, L., Dockery, F., Holstege, M. S., Landi, F., Pérez, L. M., Roquer, E., Smalbrugge, M., & Achterberg, W. P. (2022). Management of post-acute COVID-19 patients in geriatric rehabilitation: EuGMS guidance. European Geriatric Medicine, 13(1), 291–304.

Welch, C., Greig, C., Masud, T., Wilson, D., & Jackson, T. A. (2020). COVID-19 and Acute Sarcopenia. Aging and Disease, 11(6), 1345–1351.

Wilson, D., Jackson, T., Sapey, E., & Lord, J. M. (2017). Frailty and sarcopenia: The potential role of an aged immune system. Ageing Research Reviews, 36, 1–10.

Yang, L.-L., & Yang, T. (2020). Pulmonary rehabilitation for patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Chronic Diseases and Translational Medicine, 6(2), 79–86.

Published

06/11/2022

How to Cite

BECKER, L. M. de L. .; NACIMBEN, G. D. .; RIBEIRO, J. C. .; MELO, R. C. de . Rehabilitation of the older adults in the post-covid-19 syndrome: protocol of a scoping review. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 11, n. 14, p. e562111436639, 2022. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i14.36639. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/36639. Acesso em: 8 dec. 2022.

Issue

Section

Note Preview