Educational strategy in patients with chronic heart failure

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37520

Keywords:

Education ; Quality of life; Heart failure.

Abstract

Heart failure (HF) is considered a serious public health problem whose high prevalence is associated with population aging and improvements in treatment. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of an educational strategy on quality of life and adherence to outpatient treatment of patients with chronic heart failure. This is a randomized clinical study, divided into intervention (IG) and control (CG) groups by means of simple random sampling. All data were analyzed using STATA 14.0 and the significance level of p<0.05. The study was approved by the Research Ethics Committee. Based on the results, the comparison between the groups after the educational intervention showed statistical significance only in the assessment of quality of life using the WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire, in the psychological and environmental dimensions. However, no statistical differences were reported in treatment adherence scores between the groups after the intervention. The quality of life (QoL) rating by the Minnesota Living With Heart Failure Questionnaire (MLHFQ) after 12 months of intervention, that patients classified with good QoL increased from 33.3% to 57.41%, with moderate QoL increased from 31 .48% to 38.89% and with poor QOL there was a reduction of approximately 90%.

Author Biographies

Tânia Pavão Oliveira Rocha, Hospital Universitário da Universidade Federal do Maranhão

Enfermeira. Mestre em Ciências da Saúde. Enfermeira do Serviço de Controle de Infecção Hospitalar do Hospital Universitário da Universidade Federal do Maranhão, UFMA. São Luís, Maranhão, Brasil.

Darci Ramos Fernandes, Hospital Universitário da Universidade Federal do Maranhão

Mestre em Ciências da Saúde, enfermeira do Hospital Universitário da Universidade Federal do Maranhão, UFMA. São Luís, Maranhão, Brasil.

José Albuquerque Neto, Hospital Universitário da Universidade Federal do Maranhão

Médico. Doutor em Cardiologia pela Universidade de São Paulo. Pós-Doutorado pela Escola Paulista de Medicina. Professor dos Programas de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde e Saúde do Adulto da Universidade Federal do Maranhão, UFMA. São Luís, Maranhão, Brasil.

Jorgileia Braga Melo, Hospital Universitário da Universidade Federal do Maranhão

Enfermeira. Mestre em Saúde e Ambiente. Enfermeira do Hospital Universitário da Universidade Federal do Maranhão, UFMA. São Luís, Maranhão, Brasil.

Kátia Maria Sousa de Deus, Hospital Universitário da Universidade Federal do Maranhão

Mestre em Saúde da Mulher. Enfermeira do Serviço de Controle de Infecção Hospitalar do Hospital Universitário da Universidade Federal do Maranhão, UFMA. São Luís, Maranhão, Brasil.

Glauce Oliveira Lima Gonçalves, Hospital Universitário da Universidade Federal do Maranhão

 Enfermeira do Hospital Universitário da Universidade Federal do Maranhão. Especialista em Enfermagem em Nefrologia UNIFESP. São Luís, Maranhão, Brasil.

Arthurieta Silva, Hospital Universitário da Universidade Federal do Maranhão

Enfermeira, especialista em gestão em saúde e controle de infecção. Enfermeira do Hospital Universitário da Universidade Federal do Maranhão, UFMA. São Luís, Maranhão, Brasil

Lise Coutinho, Hospital Universitário da Universidade Federal do Maranhão

Especialista em gestão em saúde e controle de infecção. Enfermeira do Hospital Universitário da Universidade Federal do Maranhão, UFMA. São Luís

Maria Paula Rocha Machado, Hospital Universitário da Universidade Federal do Maranhão

Enfermeira. Especialista. Residente da residência multiprofissional do Hospital Universitário da Universidade Federal do Maranhão. São Luís, Maranhão, Brasil.

Ricardo Mourilhe-Rocha, Hospital Universitário Pedro Ernesto da Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro

Médico. Doutor. Professor Adjunto de Cardiologia e Chefe da Clínica de Insuficiência Cardíaca e Cardiomiopatias do Serviço/Disciplina de Cardiologia do Hospital Universitário Pedro Ernesto da Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro. Rio de Janeiro, Brasil.

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Published

27/11/2022

How to Cite

ROCHA, T. P. O.; FERNANDES, D. R. .; ALBUQUERQUE NETO, J. .; MELO, J. B. .; DEUS, K. M. S. de; GONÇALVES, G. O. L.; SILVA, A.; COUTINHO, L.; MACHADO, M. P. R.; MOURILHE-ROCHA, R. . Educational strategy in patients with chronic heart failure. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 11, n. 15, p. e382111537520, 2022. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37520. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/37520. Acesso em: 31 jan. 2023.

Issue

Section

Health Sciences