A systematic review about organizational culture and the genesis of the burnout syndrome





Organizational culture; Psychological exhaustion; Professional exhaustion; Leadership; Burnout.


This study aimed to investigate whether the organizational culture can, in fact, generate a direct impact on the mental and physical health of the employee, facilitating the development of the burnout syndrome. Thus, an attempt was made to clarify, through previously published studies, the situation of the work environments of health and education professionals; in order to observe if these can affect the health of the actors to the point that they develop the burnout syndrome. In this way, a systematic review was carried out, with the objective of defining what was previously specified, and understanding what can be done to mitigate this situation. Some articles were defined for the construction of the introduction, for a better understanding of the subject and, as discussion material, eight studies were selected, which address both the professionals' own view on the subject, as well as highlight the main causes of this scenario. In this context, it was possible to infer that this is an extremely serious and urgent problem, subject to greater organizational/professional attention.

Author Biographies

Marcia Silva de Oliveira, Universidade de Flores

Post Doctor in Psychology - University of Flores (UFLO), Argentina. PhD in Public Health Sciences - Universidad de Ciencias Empresariales y Sociales (UCES), Argentina. Collaborating researcher at CITAB - Center for Research and Agro-environmental and Biological Technologies at the University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro/Portugal. Master in Health Sciences - University of Brasília (UnB). Postgraduate in Clinical Analysis (Cytopathology) - Faculdade São Judas Tadeu/RJ. Postgraduate in Pathology - Castelo Branco University/RJ. Postgraduate in University Teaching (Research and Research Methodology and Pedagogical Practice) - UniCEUB/DF. Graduated in Biological Sciences - Medical Modality (Biomedicine) from the State University of Rio de Janeiro (Anatomy). General/Pedagogical Coordinator of the Brasília Campus of Universidade Paulista (UNIP/Brasília). Professor of the disciplines of Pathology, Immunology, Didactics Applied to Nursing, Educational Practice in Health and Comprehensive Seminar of the Nursing course at Faculdade Santa Luzia (FSL)/Santa Inês/MA. Professor with experience in the organization, participation, coordination, planning and monitoring of projects in health and education, inside and outside the pedagogical learning spaces. Good interpersonal relationship, responsibility and dedication to work activities. Biomedical Supervisor at the Dr. Maricondi Ltda (WAMA Diagnóstica), São Carlos/SP (Costa Verde Unit - Itaguaí/RJ). Lecturer in the disciplines of Safety, Environment and Health and Quality Management System at the Foundation for Supporting the Technical School of the State of Rio de Janeiro (FAETEC/RJ) Lecturer in undergraduate courses in Medicine, Dentistry, Nursing, Veterinary Medicine and Architecture and Urbanism of the Integrated Faculties of the Central Plateau (FACIPLAC/DF). Professor of undergraduate courses in Biomedicine, Physiotherapy, Psychology, Biological Sciences and Mathematics at Universidade Paulista (UNIP - Campus Brasília). Coordinator and teacher of the Graduate and Extension courses at the Instituto Educacional Evangélico do Centro-Oeste - UNIECO/DF. Lecturer in the Hormonology discipline of the Graduate Course in Clinical, Toxicological and Bromatological Analysis at the Instituto Brasil Pesquisa e Extension - IBEP. Full Researcher at the Center for Studies in Health Promotion and Inclusive Projects at the University of Brasília - NESPROM/UnB.

Antonio da Costa Cardoso Neto, Faculdade Santa Luzia

Postdoctoral student in Psychology with Orientation in Metodología de la Investigación de Revisión, by the University of Flores - Buenos Aires / Argentina. PhD in Collective Health - Federal University of Maranhão (UFMA) 2021. PhD in Public Health Sciences (Ph.D) - Universidad de Ciencias Empresariales y Sociales (UCES), Buenos Aires / Argentina, 2018. Specialist in School Administration - Universidade Cândido Mendes/ RJ - 2010. Specialist in Elderly Health - Estácio de Sá University/RJ- 2011. Bachelor's Degree in Nursing from CEUMA University / MA - 2008. Graduated in Pedagogy from the State University of Maranhão (UEMA) - 2001. Acts as Director Academic, Institutional Attorney (PI), Professor and Member of the Structuring Teaching Nucleus (NDE) of the Nursing course at Faculdade Santa Luzia -FSL. He was Coordinator of the Undergraduate Nursing Course at FSL from the creation process (2012) until 2018. He was Institutional Researcher at FSL / Censup in 2018. He was coordinator and professor of Technical courses at the Technical School of Commerce Santa Luzia ETCSL / Maranhão ( 1996-2017). Teacher of Basic Education in the public education network of the Municipality of Santa Inês/Maranhão (1998 - present). Assistant Researcher at the Federal University of Maranhão (UFMA). Researcher and Main Sponsor of the Project: Biopsychosocial Education and Quality of Life for the Elderly. He has experience in the elaboration of Pedagogical Projects for Undergraduate Courses and in the elaboration of Institutional Development Plans (PDI).


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How to Cite

OLIVEIRA, M. S. de .; CARDOSO NETO, A. da C. . A systematic review about organizational culture and the genesis of the burnout syndrome. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 12, n. 5, p. e2212541430, 2023. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v12i5.41430. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/41430. Acesso em: 2 jun. 2023.



Human and Social Sciences