Correction of congenital extrahepatic multiple portosystemic shunt using cellophane banding in a dog: Case report




Anomalous vessel; Portosystemic shunt; Portosystemic diversion; Extrahepatic multiple portosystemic shunt; Hepatic circulatory anomaly.


Portosystemic shunt (PSS) or portosystemic diversion (PSD) is the most common hepatic circulatory anomaly in dogs. This condition results from an abnormal connection between the portal and systemic circulations, diverting blood flow from the liver to varying degrees. These shunts can be extrahepatic (EPSS), located outside the hepatic parenchyma, or intrahepatic (IPSS), within the hepatic parenchyma. Computed tomography (CT) is considered the gold standard diagnostic tool for detecting PSS. Clinical signs of congenital extrahepatic PSS include symptoms related to the central nervous, gastrointestinal, and urinary systems. The only definitive treatment for PSS is surgical intervention or interventional occlusion of the anomalous vessel.A female canine of mixed breed, presenting with low body weight and brittle coat, was attended to at a private clinic in Brasília-DF. Serial examinations and abdominal CT scans were performed, suggesting a possible shunt between the left gastric vein and the portal and caudal vena cava veins. The animal underwent surgery to correct three shunts using the cellophane banding technique. This report aims to describe a case of surgical correction of congenital multiple extrahepatic portosystemic shunts in a female mixed-breed dog using cellophane banding. The methodology employed was a descriptive observational study, in the form of a case report.The findings of this article suggest that the definitive correction of this anomaly is surgical, with cellophane banding being a promising approach in the treatment of dogs affected by PSS.


Bastos, M. C. (2021). Desvio portossistêmico congênito em cães: revisão de literatura. 32 f. Monografia (Bacharelado em Medicina Veterinária) – Centro Universitário de Brasília, Brasília-DF.

Bertolini, G.; Rolla, E. C.; Zotti, A.; & Caldin, M. (2006). Three-dimensional multislice helical computed tomography techniques for canine extra-hepatic portosystemic shunt assess-ment. Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound, 47, 439 – 443.

Broome, C. J.; Walsh, V. P.; & Braddock, J. A.(2004). Congenital portosystemic shunts in dogs and cats. New Zealand Veterinary Journal, 52, 154 – 162, 2004.

Bunch, S.E. (1995). Diagnosis and management ot portosystemic shunts in dogs and cats. Veterinary Previews. 4, 2 – 6, 1995.

Estrela, C. (2018). Metodologia Científica: Ciência, Ensino, Pesquisa. Editora Artes Médicas.

Feitosa, F. L. F. (2008). Semiologia Veterinária – A arte do diagnóstico. (4a ed.). Roca.

Fossum, T. W. (2014). Cirurgia de pequenos animais. (4a ed.). Elsevier Medicina Brasil.

Fossum, T. W. (2006). Intrahepatic shunts: to cut or to coil? In: 30º World Small Animal Veteri-nary Association World Congress Proceedings. Prague.

Hunt, G. B.; Kummeling, A.; Tisdall, P. L. C.; Marchevsky, A. M.; Liptak, J. M.; Youmans, K. R.; Goldsmid, S. E.; & Beck, J. A. (2004). Outcomes of cellophane banding for congenital portosystemic shunts in 106 dogs and 5 cats. Veterinary Surgery, 33, 25 – 31.

Johson, S. E. (2008). Desvio sanguíneo portossistêmico. In: Tilley, L.P. & Smith Jr, K. W. F. Consulta veterinária em 5 minutos, espécies canina e felina. 3 ed. São Paulo: Manole.

Kummeling, A.; Van Sluijs, J.;& Rothuizen, J. (2004). Prognostic implications of the de-gree of shunt narrowing of the portal vein diameter in dogs with congenital portosystemic shunts. Veterinary Surgery. 33, 17 – 24.

Mankin, K. M. T. (2015). Current concepts in congenital portosystemic shunts. Veterinary Clinics Small Animal, 45, 477 – 487.

Mcaliden, A. B.; Buckley, C. T.; & Kirby, B. M. (2010). Biomechanical evaluation of differ-ent numbers, sizes and placement configurations of ligaclips required to secure cellophane bands. Veterinary Surgery. 39, 59 – 64.

Mehl, M. L.; Kyles, A. E.; Hardie, E. M.; Kass. P. H.; Adin, C. A.; Flynn, A. K.; Cock, H. E.; & Gregory, C. R. (2005). Evaluation of ameroid ring constrictors for treatment for single extrahepatic: 168 cases (1995-2001). Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 12, 2020 – 2030.

Miranda, I .M. (2017). Desvio portossistêmico - o shunt - em felinos. 28 f. Monografia (Bacharelado em Medicina Veterinária) – Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre.

Monnet, E. (2003). Pleura and pleural space. In: Slatter, D.H.. Textbook of small animal surgery. (3a ed.). Saunders. 387 – 405.

Monnet, E.; & Smeak, D. D. (2020). Gastrointestinal surgical techniques in small animals. Wiley-Blackwell.

Murphy, S. T.; Ellison, G. W.; Long, M.; & Van Gilder, J. (2001). A comparison of the ameroid constrictor versus ligation in the surgical management of single extrahepatic portosys-temic shunts. Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association, 37, 390 – 396.

Nelson, R. W.; & Couto, C. G. (2015). Medicina interna de pequenos animais. (5a ed.). Elsevier.

Santilli, R. A.; & Gerboni, G. (2003). Diagnostic imaging of congenital porto-systemic shunt in dogs and cats: a review. The Veterinary Journal, 166, 7 – 18. Diagnostic imaging of congenital porto-systemic shunt in dogs and cats: a review.

Santos, M. M. P .L. (2018). Shunt portossistémico em cães. 133 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Medicina Veterinária) – Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária, Universidade Lusófona de Humanidades e Tecnologias, Lisboa.

Santos, R. O.; Sanchez, C. A.; Rocha, R. C.; Mello, M. E.; & Carvalho, A. R. (2014). Shunt portossistêmico em pequenos animais. PUBVET, 18, 2173 – 2291.

Silva, I. A .P. (2015). Trombose da veia porta em animais de companhia: A importância do exame ecográfico no diagnóstico. 87 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Medicina Veterinária) – Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisboa.

Tisdall, P. L; Hunt, G. B.; Youmans, K. R.; & Malik, R. (2000). Neurological dysfunction in dogs following attenuation of congenital extrahepatic portosystemic shunts. Journal of Small Animal Practice, 41, 539 – 546.

Tobias, K. M. (2007). Desvios portossistêmicos e outras anomalias vasculares hepáticas. In: Slatter D. Manual de cirurgia de pequenos animais. (3a ed.). Manole. 727 – 751.

Weiss, D .J.; & Wardrop, K. J. (2010). Schalm's veterinary hematology. (6a ed.) Hardcover: Wiley-Blackwel.

Yool, D. A.; & Kirb, B. M. (2002). Neurological dysfunction in three dogs and one cat following attenuation of intrahepatic portosystemic shunts. Journal of Small Animal Practice, 43, 171 – 6.



How to Cite

SOARES, B. R. .; VOLKWEIS, F. S. .; OLIVEIRA, C. R. de .; OLIVEIRA, A. L. de A. . Correction of congenital extrahepatic multiple portosystemic shunt using cellophane banding in a dog: Case report. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 13, n. 3, p. e9313345342, 2024. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v13i3.45342. Disponível em: Acesso em: 23 jul. 2024.



Agrarian and Biological Sciences