Prevalence of respiratory diseases in newborns admitted to a hospital in Serra Catarinense

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v9i7.4850

Keywords:

Pediatrics; Respiratory tract diseases; Newborn.

Abstract

Objective: to identify the respiratory diseases prevalent in newborns. Method: analysis of the medical records of newborn patients aged 0 to 28 days, admitted in 2017 to a medium-sized hospital in Serra Catarinense. Methodology: an analysis of the medical records of newborn patients aged 0 to 28 days, admitted in 2017 to a medium-sized hospital in Serra Catarinense. The epidemiological profile, ICD (International Disease Code) of hospitalization and ICD at hospital discharge were analyzed. These data were tabulated in a specific spreadsheet and analyzed using the SPSS statistical software (IBM). Results: they were divided into 2 groups according to the ICDs, according to "ICD J00-J99 diseases of the respiratory system" and "ICD P00-P96 some conditions originating in the perinatal period". From the results it can be seen that the incidence of diseases of the respiratory system (ICD J00-J99) was not influenced by the variables gender, age, type of delivery, weight and gestation period. The respiratory disease that had the highest prevalence was bacterial pneumonia, unspecified with 35%. The results showed that there is a possibility that respiratory diseases are related to diseases originating in the perinatal period (ICD P00-P96). In this period, respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) has the highest prevalence with 37.5%, transient tachypnea of the newborn with 17.5% and meconium aspiration syndrome with 2.5%. The clinical outcome was hospital discharge in most cases. Conclusions: shows the need for preventive measures during prenatal care, in order to avoid prematurity and all associated complications. Favor normal labor and try to avoid elective cesarean sections, also strengthen the practices used in the handling of severe newborns.

Author Biographies

Mayara Sá Skonieczny Ost, Universidade do Planalto Catarinense

É graduada em Medicina pela Universidade do Extremo Sul Catarinense(UNESC), localizada em Criciúma(SC) no ano de 2015. Especialização em Pediatria no Hospital Infantil Seara do Bem/ Lages-SC, com término em fevereiro de 2019. Atualmente é médica residente de Alergia e Imunologia Pediátrica do Hospital de Clínicas de Passo Fundo/ UFFS, com término previsto previsto para fevereiro de 2021.

Tulio Rogério Vieira de Jesus, Universidade do Planalto Catarinense

Possui graduação em Medicina pela Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (1970). Atualmente é preceptor de residência médica em pediatria do Hospital Infantil Seara do Bem, instrutor internato médico da Universidade do Planalto Catarinense e Médico concursado (Saúde da Família) - Prefeitura Municipal de Capão Alto - SC

Ana Paula Israel, Universidade do Planalto Catarinense

Acadêmica do curso de enfermagem da Universidade do Planalto Catarinense no Município de Lages/SC.

Patrícia Alves de Souza, Universidade do Planalto Catarinense

Possui graduação em Farmácia pela Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (1996), mestrado em Saúde Pública pela Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (2003) e doutorado em Saúde da Criança e do Adolescente pela Universidade Estadual de Campinas (2010). Atualmente é farmacêutica - Secretaria do Estado de Saúde, professora da Universidade do Planalto Catarinense e preceptora - Programa de Residência Médica em Pediatria Hospital Infantil Seara do Bem. Tem experiência na área de Farmácia, com ênfase em Farmácia, atuando principalmente nos seguintes temas: violência contra a mulher, mulher, fitoterápicos, epistemologia e álcool.

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Published

12/06/2020

How to Cite

OST, M. S. S.; JESUS, T. R. V. de; ISRAEL, A. P.; SOUZA, P. A. de. Prevalence of respiratory diseases in newborns admitted to a hospital in Serra Catarinense. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 9, n. 7, p. e766974850, 2020. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v9i7.4850. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/4850. Acesso em: 23 jul. 2024.

Issue

Section

Health Sciences