The impacts of social isolation about changes of eating behavior and weight gain during the COVID-19 pandemic in Belo Horizonte and metropolitan region, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v9i9.7206

Keywords:

Pandemic; Weight gain; Anxiety; Eating habits; COVID-19.

Abstract

This article aims to evaluate the feelings involved with social isolation and its relationship with changes in eating habits and weight gain during the COVID-19 pandemic in Belo Horizonte and the metropolitan region. The methodology used was exploratory research of a quantitative nature. The questionnaire applied in June 2020 was prepared on Google Forms and obtained a sample of 700 respondents. The data were tabulated in Excel and analyzed in RStudio. The absolute and relative frequencies of the following variables were used: feelings perceived during social isolation, influence of isolation on people's physical and mental health and change in eating habits. Subsequently, these data were used to cross-correlate these issues with weight variation. Of the 700 respondents, 83% were in social isolation during some time of the pandemic, and of these, 54% gained weight. Among the feelings involved with the pandemic, the highlights were anxiety, fear of relatives and friends becoming ill, uncertainty about the future and concern. Regarding the quality of food, 44% (p <0.0001) said they had worsened the quality of food consumption and 55% (p <0.0001) said they were eating more frequently. It was found that there was an increase in the consumption of sweets, soft drinks, alcohol, pasta and bakery items (p <0.0001).

References

Armitage, R., & Nellums, L. B. (2020). COVID-19 and the consequences of isolating the elderly. The Lancet Public Health, 5(5), e256. Recuperado de https://bit.ly/2DmKKui.

Bezerra, A., Silva C. E. M., Soares F. R. G., & Silva J. A. M. (2020). Fatores associados ao comportamento da população durante o isolamento social na pandemia de COVID-19. Ciências e Saúde Coletiva, 25 (6), 2411-21. https://bit.ly/3fewUaP.

Capitão, C. G., & Tello, R. R. (2004). Traço e estado de ansiedade em mulheres obesas. Psicologia Hospitalar, 2(2), 0-0. Recuperado de https://bit.ly/2P6P17U.

Coletty, I. M. S. (2005). Transtorno de compulsão alimentar periodica (TCAP) e ansiedade em adolescentes obesos. 151 p. Dissertação (mestrado) - Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, Campinas, SP. Recuperado de https://bit.ly/2DkIns2.

Crokidakis, N. (2020). Modeling the early evolution of the COVID-19 in Brazil: results from a Susceptible-Infectious-Quarantined-Recovered (SIQR) model. International Journal of Modern Physics C. Recuperado de https://web.iiit.ac.in/~rizwan.ali/papers/657.pdf.

Freitas, H., Oliveira, M., Saccol, A. Z., & Moscarola, J. (2000). O método de pesquisa survey. Revista de Administração da Universidade de São Paulo, 35 (3), 105-112. Recuperado de https://bit.ly/3jPLbyh

Júnior, P. G. F., Paiano, R., & dos Santos Costa, A. (2020). Isolamento social: consequências físicas e mentais da inatividade física em crianças e adolescentes. Revista Brasileira de Atividade Física & Saúde, 25, 1-2. Recuperado de https://www.rbafs.org.br/RBAFS/article/view/14263.

Lerario, A. C., & Lottenberg, S. A. (2006). Mecanismos ambientais implicados no ganho de peso e as oportunidades para prevenção da obesidade. Einstein, 4 (1), S7-S13.

Medeiros, J. F. S. (2020) A Pandemia e seus (des)caminhos. Espaço e Economia, (18), 1-5. https://bit.ly/2CWXN6a.

Nery, C., (2020). Pandemia foi responsável pelo fechamento de 4 em cada 10 empresas com atividades encerradas. Agência IBGE Noticias. https://bit.ly/3hSXwA0 .

OPAS (2020). COVID-19 doença causada pelo novo coronavírus. Folha informativa. Recuperado de https://www.paho.org/pt/covid19

Pereira, A. S., et al. (2018). Metodologia da pesquisa científica. [e-book]. Santa Maria. Ed. UAB/NTE/UFSM. https://bit.ly/3hgTrWq

Rocha, C., & Costa, E. (2012). Aspectos psicológicos na obesidade mórbida: Avaliação dos níveis de ansiedade, depressão e do auto-conceito em obesos que vão ser submetidos à cirurgia bariátrica. Análise psicológica, 30 (4), 451-466. https://bit.ly/3jZ1I2L .

Rydlewski, C. (2020) Pesquisa mostra que 71% dos brasileiros perderam renda na pandemia. Valor Investe. https://glo.bo/3364rl8.

SBVC (2020). E-commerce cresce 132% em maio. Noticias. Recuperado de https://bit.ly/2EBp0vx.

UERJ (2020) Pesquisa da Uerj indica aumento de casos de depressão entre brasileiros durante a quarentena. Notícias. Recuperado de https://www.uerj.br/noticia/11028/.

WHO (2020). Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): Situation Report 51. Recuperado de https://bit.ly/3gidsv5

Published

26/08/2020

How to Cite

Verticchio, D. F. dos R., & Verticchio, N. de M. (2020). The impacts of social isolation about changes of eating behavior and weight gain during the COVID-19 pandemic in Belo Horizonte and metropolitan region, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Research, Society and Development, 9(9), e460997206. https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v9i9.7206

Issue

Section

Health Sciences