Smoking x Ginecological Conditions – a cross-section study

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v9i9.7354

Keywords:

Smoking; Reproductive system; Women’s health.

Abstract

The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between smoking and gynecological changes and reproductive health in users of a health unit. This is an analytical and exploratory study, carried out from a bank prepared in a previous study, in which the data were collected in a Family Health Unit in Salvador - BA. The study estimated the relationship between cigarette use and women's gynecological health. 150 women participated, most of them self-declared black and aged 38 years or less, low income and own home. Regarding the use of any contraceptive method, 76.92% of the women interviewed did not smoke or used any contraceptive method, and 23.47% of those who smoked, used some contraceptive method. Among women who did not smoke, 78.79% used hormonal contraceptives. Regarding the gynecological conditions of women who smoked, 19.28% had vaginal discharge, with the highest prevalence being secretion with a bullous appearance (28.36%), 17.65% had a precursor lesion for cervical cancer and 18.18% Cândida sp. As for the presentation of Supracytoplasmic Bacilli, it was found in 26.47%. There was little association between smoking and gynecological disorders, however, the main findings signaled a higher frequency of gynecological infections in women who smoke. It is necessary to discuss smoking and its repercussions on health that may compromise quality and duration of life, in order to prevent risks and injuries, reduce damage and promote health.

References

Brasil. Ministério da Saúde. Secretaria de Vigilância em Saúde. Vigitel Brasil 2018: vigilância de fatores de risco e proteção para doenças crônicas por inquérito telefônico. Brasília: Ministério da Saúde; 2019.

Camlin, N. J., Mclaughin, E. A., & Holt, J. E. (2014). Through the smoke: use of in vivo and in vitro cigarette smoking models to elucidate its effect on female fertility. Toxicology and applied pharmacology, 3(281), 266–275.

Fang, L., Jingjing, D., Yanfei, C., Bo, L., Jianing, M., et al et al. (2020). Trichostatin A alleviated ovarian tissue damage caused by cigarette smoke exposure. China, 93, 89-98, Recuperado de <https://doi.org/10.1016/j.reprotox.2020.01.006>.

Instituto Nacional do Câncer. (2020). Causas e Prevenção: Tabagismo e saúde da mulher. Rio de Janeiro, RJ. Recuperado de https://www.inca.gov.br/ tabagismo/ saude-da-mulher.

Kasahara, K. Ono, T., Higuchi, A., Katsura, D., Hayashi, K., et al (2020). Smoking during Pregnancy Is a Predictor of Poor Perinatal Outcomes in Maternal Anorexia Nervosa: A Case Series and Single-Center Cross-Sectional Study in Japan. The Tohoku journal of experimental medicine, 250(4), 191–200.

Lima, M. C. (2018). Uso do diodo emissor de luz azul em mucosa vaginal saudável: um ensaio clínico fase I. 2018, 85 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Tecnologias em Saúde) – Escola Baiana de Medicina e Saúde Pública.

Lion, E. (2020). Tabagismo e saúde feminina. Aliança de Controle do Tabagismo, sv, sn, sp. Recuperado de http://actbr.org.br/uploads/arquivo/213_TABAGISMO_E-SAUDE_ FEMININA_FINAL.pdf.

Lombardi, E. M., Prado, G. F., Santos & Fernandes, F. L. A. (2011). O tabagismo e a mulher: riscos, impactos e desafios. São Paulo. Jornal brasileiro de pneumologia, 37(1), 118-128.

Malta, D. C., Oliveira, T. P., Vieira, M. L., & Szwarcwald, C. L. (2015). Uso e exposição à fumaça do tabaco no Brasil: resultados da Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde 2013. Epidemiologia e Serviços de Saúde. Brasília, 24(2), 239-248.

Nelson, T. M., Borgogna, J. C., Michalek, R. D., Roberts, D. W. & Rath, J. M. (2018). Cigarette Smoking Is Associated With an Altered Vaginal Tract Metabolomic Profile. Sci Rep, 16(8), 852.

Passos, E. P., Cunha-Filho, J. S. L., & Freitas, F. M. de. (2004). Infertilidade. In: DUNCAN, B.B. et al. Medicina Ambulatorial: Condutas de Atenção Primária Baseadas em Evidências. (3a ed.), Porto Alegre: Artmed, 446-451.

Sé, C. C. S., & Amorim, W. M de. (2009). Ações de enfermagem frente às implicações clínicas do tabagismo na saúde da mulher. Revista Eletrônica de Saúde Mental, Álcool e Drogas. Ribeirão Preto, 5(1), 1-18.

Seo, S-S., Oh, H. Y., Kim, M. K., Lee, D. O., & Kim, J-Y et al. (2019). Combined Effect of Secondhand Smoking and Alcohol Drinking on Risk of Persistent Human Papillomavirus Infection. Biomed Research International, Republic of Korea, 1-9.

Sikdar, S., Joehanes, R., Joubert, B. R., Xu, C-J. & Vives-Usano, M.et al. (2019). Comparison of smoking-related DNA methylation between newborns from prenatal exposure and adults from personal smoking. Epigenômica. 13(11), 1487-1500.

World Health Organization. International Agency for Research on Cancer. Globocan. Recuperado de https://gco.iarc.fr/today/home.

Published

23/08/2020

How to Cite

Baliza, A. da S. ., Carvalho, E. L. S. de ., Mendes, L. S. ., Silva, C. S. ., Dantas, B. M. S. ., França, L. M. C. de ., Ramalho, L. G. ., Simôa, T. C. ., Mercês, M. C. das ., & Coelho, J. M. F. . (2020). Smoking x Ginecological Conditions – a cross-section study. Research, Society and Development, 9(9), e408997354. https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v9i9.7354

Issue

Section

Health Sciences