Effects of extracts of two Ulva spp. seaweeds on tomato germination and seedling growth

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v9i11.10174

Keywords:

Biostimulant; Eco-friendly agriculture; Seed invigoration; Seedling vigor.

Abstract

Brown seaweed extracts are commercially used as agricultural biostimulants, and the green macroalgae Ulva spp. has shown promise for that purpose. We evaluated the ideal dosage of U. lactuca ulvan and flour on seed germination invigoration and the effects of U. flexuosa and U. lactuca extracts on tomato seedling growth (Solanun lycopersicum). The germination recovery of aged seeds after the application of U. lactuca was evaluated by seed germination rates and seedling emergence. Greenhouse cultivated seedlings were irrigated with 0.2 and 0.4 g×L-1 of the flour, or an ulvan solution of Ulva spp. Seedling growth parameters (height, stem diameter, height/stem diameter ratio, biomass, and number of leaves) were compared with the control (seedlings irrigated with distilled water). All dosages of U. lactuca ulvan and flour were found to increase the germination rates of aged seeds as compared to controls. No significant difference in seedling emergence rates were seen. After treatment with Ulva spp. extracts no significant differences in seedling growth were detected. We concluded that low doses of the U. lactuca extract will increase the germination rates of S. lycopersicum seeds and, while different dosages of the extracts of two Ulva’s species did not stimulate tomato seedling growth, they were also not lethal.

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Published

28/11/2020

How to Cite

REIS, R. P. .; ANDRADE, A. C. S. de .; CALHEIROS, A. C.; OLIVEIRA, J. C. .; CASTELAR, B. Effects of extracts of two Ulva spp. seaweeds on tomato germination and seedling growth. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 9, n. 11, p. e61691110174, 2020. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v9i11.10174. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/10174. Acesso em: 27 sep. 2022.

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Section

Agrarian and Biological Sciences