Organizing Court Administration in order to fulfil access to justice under the Covid-19 State of crisis




State in time of crisis; Court management; Acces to justice.


The Covid-19 pandemic in different countries, particularly in terms of performing their duties and functions, has both direct and indirect implications on the judiciary. This paper calls for a contrast between the implementation of law emergencies in the United States and the judiciary's reflection in Indonesia. The study uses the comparative approach in constitutional law to provide advice, which needs to be avoided in the Indonesian constitutional law by researching legal material and procedures in other countries' constitutional law. This article concludes that the Law of Judicial Power and the Law of Procedure in Indonesia require strict legal material on how procedural law does not give delegates too much technical, regulatory authority to each court during the time of crisis and has the potential to create unequal policies in the future to deal with judicial emergencies so that regulation is necessary.

Author Biographies

Ibnu Sina Chandranegara, University of Muhammadiyah Jakarta

Associate Professor at Law University of Muhammadiyah Jakarta

Luthfi Marfungah, University of Brawijaya

PhD Student at Brawijaya University, Malang, Indonesia


Arde-Acquah, P. E. (2015). Salus Populi Suprema Lex Esto: Balancing Civil Liberties and Public Health Interventions in Modern Vaccination Policy. Washington University Journal Review, 7, 337.

Chandra, S. (2013). Mortality from the influenza pandemic of 1918-1919 in Indonesia. Population Studies, 67(2), 185-193.

Chandranegara, I. S. (2019). Kemerdekaan Kekuasaan Kehakiman Pascra Transisi Politik. Radjawali Press, Jakarta.

Chandranegara, I. S. (2020, Mei). Komparasi Kebijakan Hukum Dalam Penanggulangan Pandemi Penyakit Menular (Covid-19) Di Berbagai Negara: Penggunaan Keadaan dan Hukum Darurat atau Optimalisasi Instrumen Hukum yang ada?, paper presented at the National Seminar (via Zoom) "Law Enforcement and Human Rights in the midst of Covid-19" organized by the Faculty of Law, Tarumanegara University, Faculty of Law, University of Surabaya, Jimly School Law and Government, Kollegium Jurist Institute.

Chandranegara, I. S. (2020, Mei). Diantara yang terbaik dan buruk dalam Merespon Covid-19 di Asia Tenggara, Paper presented at the National Seminar (via Zoom) "PSBB: Tanya apa? held by the State University of Surabaya, Indonesia.

Faiz, P. M. (2018, April). MK dan E-Court Di Era Disruptif. Majalah Konstitusi.

G. Josh, (2020, April). Supreme Court postpones arguments due to coronavirus: cases on access to Trump's financial records are indefinitely postponed. Recuperado de https://w

Hunter, N. D. (2017). The Law of Emergencies Public Health and Disaster Management. Elsevier and Butterworth, New York.

L. Adam, (2012, November). Justices Asked Whether Decision on Deportation Warnings Applies Retroactively, New York Times, 16.

L. Ephrat, (2020, April). The coronavirus crisis is forcing the US Supreme Court to face its technology problem. Recuperado de

L. Jordan, (2020, April). Trump enables Jared Kushner's coronavirus task force, revealing the dangers of nepotism. Recuperado de

Pimentel, D. (2015). Reframing the Independence v. Accountability Debate: Defining Judicial Structure in Light of Judges' Courage and Integrity. Cleveland State Law Review 51 (1).

Reiling, D. (2009). Technology for Justice How Information Technology can support Judicial Reform. Leiden University Press Law, Leiden.

Rheinstein. M. (1968). Comparative Law - Its Functions, Methods and Usages. Arkansas Law Review. 22(3), 415-425.

S. Austin, (2020, April). Coronavirus: Will courts continue to operate, preserving the rule of law?

Sheeran, S. P. (2013). Reconceptualizing States of Emergency under International Human Rights Law: Theory, Legal Doctrine, and Politics”, Michigan Journal of International Law. 34 (491), 491-557.

Susskind, R. (2013). Tomorrow's Lawyers: An Introduction To Your Future. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

W. Mark, (2020, April). Outbreaks of disease have shuttered the Supreme Court going back more than two centuries. Recuperado de




How to Cite

CHANDRANEGARA, I. S.; MARFUNGAH, L. Organizing Court Administration in order to fulfil access to justice under the Covid-19 State of crisis. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 9, n. 12, p. e41891211113, 2020. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v9i12.11113. Disponível em: Acesso em: 8 feb. 2023.



Human and Social Sciences