Influence of resistant training charge variations under the circuit method, on energy expenditure in trained and destined individuals

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v10i4.14361

Keywords:

Physical exercise; Circuit exercises; Muscle strength; Energy expenditure.

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the energy expenditure (EE) in a resistance training protocol with different volumes of a fixed weight by the alternating circuit method by segment in trained (TR) and untrained (UT) men. Method: The sample comprised, by volunteering, 18 men aged between 18 and 35 years. After being informed about the stages of the project, the volunteers carried out an assessment of their body composition, followed by the tests of a maximum repetition (1RM) and twenty maximum repetitions (20RM), and later retest. The protocol consisted of three circuit-training sessions with different training volumes (12, 16 and 20 repetitions) of a fixed weight of 20RM in the leg press, bench press, flexor table and front puller exercises, with 1-minute intervals between the exercises and 2 minutes between each lap, totaling 3 laps per session. For data analysis, the STATISTIC 7 software was used, adopting a significance of p<0.05. Results: It was found that the TR volunteers showed greater total work in relation to the UT volunteers in the sessions of 12 (TR=15820.80±2396.50; UT=10381.60±2660.374), 16 (TR=20919.95±3219.82; UT=12727.46±3143.99) and 20 repetitions (TR=21957.24±3470.21; UT=12959.57±4084.05). The same was observed in the EE of the exercise in the sessions of 12 (TR=85.01±14.72; UT=64.34±15.43), 16 (TR=111.10±25.97; UT=74.24±20.03) and 20 repetitions (TR=145.33±58.64; UT=78.69±24.21), and in the EE/repetitions in sessions of 12 (TR=0.59±0.10; DT=0.44±0.11), 16 (TR=0.59±0.13; UT=0.43±0.12) and 20 repetitions (TR=1.10±0.34; UT=0.43±0.13). Conclusion: The EE/repetitions were not affected in the sessions close to the concentric failure in this protocol for UT individuals, in contrast, for the TR group, the closer to the failure the greater the EE/repetitions.

References

Aagaard, P., Simonsen, E. B., Andersen, J. L., Magnusson, P., & Dyhre-Poulsen, P. (2002). Increased rate of force development and neural drive of human skeletal muscle following resistance training. Journal of applied physiology, 93(4), 1318-1326. https://doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.00283.2002

Akima, H., Takahashi, H., Kuno, S. Y., Masuda, K., Masuda, T., Shimojo, H., Anno, I., Itai, Y., & Fiatsuta, S. (1999). Early phase adaptations of muscle use and strength to isokinetic training. Medicine and science in sports and exercise, 31(4), 588-594. https://doi.org/10.1097/00005768-199904000-00016

Aliasgharzadeh, S., Mahdavi, R., Jafarabadi, M. A., & Namazi, N. (2015). Comparison of indirect calorimetry and predictive equations in estimating resting metabolic rate in underweight females. Iranian journal of public health, 44(6), 822-829. Retirado em https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4524307/

Alves, R. C., Prestes, J., Bueno, J. C. A., Del Vecchio, F. B., & Junior, T. P. S. (2018). Comparação do gasto energético em diferentes métodos do treinamento de força. ConScientiae Saúde, 17(3), 293-301. https://doi.org/10.5585/conssaude.v17n3.8288

Aniceto, R. R., Ritti-Dias, R. M., Scott, C. B., Lima, F. F. M. D., Prazeres, T. M. P. D., & Prado, W. L. D. (2013). Efeitos agudos de diferentes métodos de treinamento com pesos sobre o gasto energético em homens treinados. Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte, 19(3), 181-185. Retirado em https://www.scielo.br/pdf/rbme/v19n3/07.pdf

Baechle, T. R., Earle, R. W., & Wathen, D. (2015). Resistance training. In: Haff, G. G., & Triplett, N. T. Essentials of Strength Training and Conditioning. (4a ed). Edition Champaign, Illinois: Human Kinetics Publishers. p 395– 425.

Binzen, C. A., Swan, P. D., & Manore, M. M. (2001). Postexercise oxygen consumption and substrate use after resistance exercise in women. Medicine and science in sports and exercise, 33(6), 932-938. https://doi.org/10.1097/00005768-200106000-00012

Brown, L. E., & Weir, J. P. (2001). Asep Procedures Recommendation I - Accurate Assessment of Muscular Strength and Power. Journal of Exercise Physiology Online. 4(3), 1-21.

Burd, N. A., Andrews, R. J., West, D. W., Little, J. P., Cochran, A. J., Hector, A. J., ... & Phillips, S. M. (2012). O tempo do músculo sob tensão durante o exercício de resistência estimula as respostas sintéticas subfacionárias diferenciais da proteína muscular nos homens. The Journal of physiology, 590(2), 351-362. https://doi.org/10.1113/jphysiol.2011.221200

Carroll, T. J., Riek, S., & Carson, R. G. (2002). The sites of neural adaptation induced by resistance training in humans. The Journal of physiology, 544(2), 641-652. https://doi.org/10.1113/jphysiol.2002.024463

Cohen, J. (1992). A power primer. Psychological Bulletin, 112(1), 155-159. https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.112.1.155

Del Vecchio, A., Casolo, A., Negro, F., Scorcelletti, M., Bazzucchi, I., Enoka, R., ... & Farina, D. (2019). The increase in muscle force after 4 weeks of strength training is mediated by adaptations in motor unit recruitment and rate coding. The Journal of physiology, 597(7), 1873-1887. https://doi.org/ 10.1113/JP277250

Di Prampero, P. E. (1981). Energética do exercício muscular. Reviews of Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology, 89, 143-222. https://doi.org/10.1007/BFb0035266

Di Prampero, P. E., & Ferretti, G. (1999). The energetics of anaerobic muscle metabolism: a reappraisal of older and recent concepts. Respiration physiology, 118(3), 103-115. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0034-5687(99)00083-3

Eches, E. H. P., Ribeiro, A. S., Nascimento, M. A., & Cyrino, E. S. (2013). Desempenho motor em séries múltiplas até a falha concêntrica. Motriz: Revista de Educação Física, 19(3), 43-48. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1980-65742013000700007

Fleck, S. J., & Kraemer, W. J. (2014). Designing Resistance Training Programs. (4a ed). Editon Champaign, Illinois: Human Kinetics Publishers.

Fleck, S. J., & Kraemer, W. J. (2017). Fundamentos do treinamento de força muscular. (4a ed). Porto Alegre: Artmed.

Gorostiaga, E. M., Navarro-Amezqueta, I., Cusso, R., Hellsten, Y., Calbet, J. A., Guerrero, M., ... & Izquierdo, M. (2010). Anaerobic energy expenditure and mechanical efficiency during exhaustive leg press exercise. PloS one, 5(10), e13486. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0013486

Green, J. H. (1994). Assessment of energy requirements. In: Heatley, R. V., Green, J. H., & Losowsky, M. S. Consensus in clinical nutrition. (1a ed). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 22- 37.

Guerra, M. F. S. S., Souza, J. P., Porto, M. J., Araujo, A. M. B., Nascimento, M. B., Andrade, W. B., Santana, W. N. B., Santos, G. P., Santana, A. F., ... & Silva, S. R. S. (2021). Contribuições da atividade física no envelhecimento do idoso. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.],10(1), e11310111537. https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v10i1.11537

Izquierdo, M., Ibanez, J., González-Badillo, J. J., Häkkinen, K., Ratamess, N. A., Kraemer, W. J., ... & Gorostiaga, E. M. (2006). Differential effects of strength training leading to failure versus not to failure on hormonal responses, strength, and muscle power gains. Journal of applied physiology, 100(1), 1647-1656. https://doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.01400.2005

Jockner, M. R., Souza Cavina, A. P., Junior, A. C., Micheletti, J. K., Takahama, B. R., Junior, J. N., & Vanderlei, F. M. (2019). Correlação entre taxa metabólica basal e variabilidade da frequência cardíaca no treinamento resistido funcional em indivíduos com síndrome metabólica. Colloquium Vitae, 11(1), 45-50. https://doi.org/10.5747/cv.2019.v11.n1.v252

Knight, C. A., & Kamen, G. (2001). Adaptations in muscular activation of the knee extensor muscles with strength training in young and older adults. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, 11(6), 405-412. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1050-6411(01)00023-2

Kraemer, W. J., Noble, B. J., Clark, M. J., & Culver, B. W. (1987). Physiologic responses to heavy-resistance exercise with very short rest periods. International ornal of sports medicine, 8(04), 247-252. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-2008-1025663

Maior, A. S., & Alves, A. (2003). A contribuição dos fatores neurais em fases iniciais do treinamento de força muscular: uma revisão bibliográfica. Motriz, 9(3), 161-8. Retirado em http://files.agenorjunqueira.webnode.com.br/200000083-9dd779e557/Contribui%C3%A7%C3%A3o%20dos%20fatores%20neurais%20no%20treino%20de%20for%C3%A7a.pdf

Margaria, R., Cerretelli, P., Aghemo, P., & Sassi, G. (1963). Custo de energia para funcionar. Jornal de fisiologia aplicada, 18(2), 367-370. https://doi.org/10.1152/jappl.1963.18.2.367

Mazzetti, S., Douglass, M., Yocum, A., & Harber, M. (2007). Effect of explosive versus slow contractions and exercise intensity on energy expenditure. Medicine and science in sports and exercise, 39(8), 1291-1301. https://doi.org/ IO.1249/mss.ObOI3e318058a603

Neto, V. G. C., Benteso, C. M., Neto, G. D. A. M., & Miranda, H. (2017). Hipotensão e variabilidade da frequência cardíaca pós-exercício de força executado de forma máxima e submáxima. Motricidade, 13(1), 19-29. https://doi.org/10.6063/motricidade.6476

Pereira, A. S., Shitsuka, D. M., Parreira, F. J., & Shitsuka, R. (2018). Metodologia da pesquisa científica. [e-book]. Santa Maria: UAB/NTE/UFSM. Retirado em https://repositorio.ufsm.br/bitstream/handle/1/15824/Lic_Computacao_Metodologia-Pesquisa-Cientifica.pdf?sequence=1.

Pinheiro-Volp, A. C., Oliveira, F. C., Duarte Moreira Alves, R., Esteves, E. A., & Bressan, J. (2011). Energy expenditure: components and evaluation methods. Nutricion hospitalaria, 26(3), 430-440. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0212-16112011000300002.

Redondo, R. B. (2015). Resting energy expenditure; assessment methods and applications. Nutricion hospitalaria, 31(3), 245-253. https://doi.org/10.3305/nh.2015.31.sup3.8772.

Reis, V. M. (2011). Gasto energético, custo energético aeróbio e custo energético anaeróbio. Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria & Desempenho Humano, 13(6), 484-487. https://doi.org/10.5007/1980-0037.2011v13n6p484

Santos, G. E. O. (2017). Cálculo amostral: calculadora online. Retirado em http://www.calculoamostral.vai.la

Santos, R. F. D., Freitas-Júnior, W. M. D., & Araújo, R. O. D. (2020). Avaliação do índice de fadiga muscular de flexores e extensores de joelho em indivíduos ativos e sedentários. Revista Brasileira de Ciências do Esporte, 42:e2008. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rbce.2018.10.002

Scott, C. B. (2006). Contribution of blood lactate to the energy expenditure of weight training. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 20(2), 404-411. Retirado em https://journals.lww.com/nsca-jscr/Abstract/2006/05000/CONTRIBUTION_OF_BLOOD_LACTATE_TO_THE_ENERGY.29.aspx

Scott, C. B., Croteau, A., & Ravlo, T. (2009). Energy expenditure before, during, and after the bench press. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 23(2), 611-618. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e31818c2845

Scott, C. B., Leary, M. P., & TenBraak, A. J. (2011). Energy expenditure characteristics of weight lifting: 2 sets to fatigue. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, 36(1), 115-120. https://doi.org/10.1139/H10-093

Scott, C. B., Leighton, B. H., Ahearn, K. J., & McManus, J. J. (2011). Aerobic, anaerobic, and excess postexercise oxygen consumption energy expenditure of muscular endurance and strength: 1-set of bench press to muscular fatigue. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 25(4), 903-908. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181c6a128

Shimano, T., Kraemer, W. J., Spiering, B. A., Volek, J. S., Hatfield, D. L., Silvestre, R., ... & Häkkinen, K. (2006). Relationship between the number of repetitions and selected percentages of one repetition maximum in free weight exercises in trained and untrained men. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 20(4), 819-823. Retirado em https://highfit.com.br/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/O-maior-erro-do-personal-I.pdf

Silva-Grigoletto, M. E. D., Valverde-Esteve, T., Brito, C. J., & García-Manso, J. M. (2013). Capacidade de repetição da força: efeito das recuperações interséries. Revista Brasileira de Educação Física e Esporte, 27(4), 689-705. Retirado em https://www.scielo.br/pdf/rbefe/2013nahead/aop_2013.pdf

Souza, R. M. P., Lopes, J. E. G., Bernardo, L. D. M., Gouveia, R. G., Leite Filho, M. A., Montenegro, R. C., ... & Borges, L. P. N. C. (2019). Análise dos estimadores de fadiga do eletromiograma durante o treinamento resistido de elevada intensidade executado sob diferentes intervalos de séries. RBPFEX-Revista Brasileira de Prescrição e Fisiologia do Exercício, 13(82), 343-350. Retirado em http://www.rbpfex.com.br/index.php/rbpfex/article/view/1718/1206

Sundstrup, E., Jakobsen, M. D., Andersen, C. H., Zebis, M. K., Mortensen, O. S., & Andersen, L. L. (2012). Muscle activation strategies during strength training with heavy loading vs. repetitions to failure. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 26(7), 1897-1903. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e318239c38e

Teixeira, J. A. A., Magosso, R. F., Pires, C. M. R., Teixeira, K. K. L., Baldissera, V., & de Andrade Perez, S. E. (2019). Determinação dos níveis de aptidão física para indivíduos treinados e destreinados a partir do Índice de Força Máxima Relativa (IFMR). RBPFEX-Revista Brasileira de Prescrição e Fisiologia do Exercício, 13(82), 182-188. Retirado em http://www.rbpfex.com.br/index.php/rbpfex/article/view/1585

Tiggemann, C. L. (2007). Comportamento da percepção de esforço em diferentes cargas de exercícios de força em adultos sedentários, ativos e treinados. Dissertação de Mestrado, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências do Movimento Humano. Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brasil. Retirado em https://www.lume.ufrgs.br/bitstream/handle/10183/12901/000634742.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y

Vezina, J. W., Der Ananian, C. A., Campbell, K. D., Meckes, N., & Ainsworth, B. E. (2014). An examination of the differences between two methods of estimating energy expenditure in resistance training activities. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 28(4), 1026-1031. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000000375

Willardson, J. M., Burkett, L. N. (2006). The effect of rest interval length on bench press performance with heavy vs. light loads. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 20: 396–9, 2006. 20(2), 396-399. https://doi.org/10.1519/R-17735.1.

Wilmore, J., & Costill, D. (2019). Physiology of Sports and Exercise. (7a ed). Edition Champaign, Illinois: Human Kinetics Publishers.

Published

23/04/2021

How to Cite

TEIXEIRA, J. A. A.; TEIXEIRA, K. K. L.; OISHI, J. C.; SANTOS JÚNIOR, V. M. dos; SOUZA, J. C. A. de; ROBERT-PIRES, C. M. .; MAGOSSO, R. F. . Influence of resistant training charge variations under the circuit method, on energy expenditure in trained and destined individuals. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 10, n. 4, p. e56610414361, 2021. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v10i4.14361. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/14361. Acesso em: 7 may. 2021.

Issue

Section

Health Sciences