Evaluation of TIG dental welding applied to Ti-6Al-4V alloys with different diameters: Analysis by Ultimate Tensile Strength, Vickers Hardness, and Finite Element Method





Dental Soldering; Scanning Electron Microscopy; Finite element analysis.


There is limited information in literature regarding the accomplishment of Ti-6Al-4V TIG joints welded in prefabricated bars applied to dentistry. Evaluate the ultimate tensile strength and Vickers hardness of Ti-6Al-4V alloy subjected to TIG (Tungsten Inert Gas) welding technique in different diameters. Material and methods: Forty-five specimens were prepared and divided into 5 groups: control group (CG) (n=5), with intact bars in a diameter of 3.0mm, and groups TIG2.5, TIG3, TIG4, TIG5 (n=10) with diameters of 2.5, 3, 4 and 5 mm respectively, welded with TIG in a pulse of 10(ms) and in a depth of 3(A). The specimens were tested by both radiographic inspection and penetrating liquids. After that, they were tested by ultimate tensile strength (UTS) and the elongation percentage (EP) was obtained. Images from fractured samples were taken and the welded areas percentage (WAP) was calculated. Random images were also taken by scanning electron microscope (SEM). Vickers hardness was obtained for base metal (BM), Heat affected zone (HAZ) and Welded zone (WZ). Finite element models were constructed. One-way Anova, Dunnet and Tukey tests (α=.05) were used for statistical analysis of UTS, WAP and EP for different groups and for differences in regions (BM, HAZ and WZ). Finite element models were developed in a workbench environment with boundary conditions simulating a tensile test. The majority of the specimens showed internal voids on radiographic inspection, but porosities or groves were not observed on their surface on penetrant liquid test. Most of the samples fractured in the welded area. The 1-way ANOVA showed significant differences among the groups for UTS, WAP and EP values (P<.001). The Dunnett test showed that TIG3, TIG4 and TIG5 groups had lower UTS values than those of the CG, but TIG2.5 group had no statistical difference in relation to CG. The 1-way ANOVA showed significant differences among the regions (P<.001) for Vickers hardness. Under the experimental conditions described, the diameter of 2.5 seems to be the best option for joining prefabricated rods in this kind of union and in this regulation of the machine.


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How to Cite

SILVERIO, M. G. de C. .; MENEGAZ, G. L.; ARAÚJO, C. A.; SILVA JÚNIOR, W. M. da .; SIMAMOTO JÚNIOR, P. C. . Evaluation of TIG dental welding applied to Ti-6Al-4V alloys with different diameters: Analysis by Ultimate Tensile Strength, Vickers Hardness, and Finite Element Method . Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 10, n. 9, p. e29110916481, 2021. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v10i9.16481. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/16481. Acesso em: 20 sep. 2021.



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