Knowledge, use and failure of contraceptive methods among women from Marabá who have had abortions

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v10i10.18549

Keywords:

Contraceptive methods; Abortion; Reproductive health.

Abstract

Female contraception ranges from socioeconomic to political aspects. The United Nations considers access to safe and voluntary family planning to be a human right, as it is essential for promoting gender equality, advancing women's empowerment, and reducing poverty. In this context, the aim of this study was to analyze the knowledge, use and failure of contraceptive methods among women living in Marabá (PA), as well as the use of public health services. This is an observational and cross-sectional study, in which a questionnaire prepared by the researchers was applied in face-to-face interviews and using an electronic form. A total of 394 women living in the urban area of Marabá, literate and aged 18 years or over were included. The results showed that 21% (83) of the interviewees had already had an abortion and, of these, 8.43% had never been to the gynecologist/obstetrician, with the majority claiming to know and know how to use mainly the contraceptive pill, male condom and intramuscular injection, 29% did not use contraceptive methods at the time of the interview and 46% claimed to have already become pregnant using at least one method. The contraceptive pill, male condom and withdrawal were the ones that were most associated with failure in both groups. Thus, knowledge about the various options for contraceptive methods enables the most appropriate choice for women's sexual behavior and socioeconomic factors. The dissemination of theoretical-practical contents about the use of these resources offer better support for the rational and correct use of them, as well as the mitigation of failures.

Author Biographies

Ádria Rodrigues da Silva, Universidade do Estado do Pará

Médica pela Universidade do Estado do Pará (UEPA). Médica legista no Centro de Perícias Científicas Renato Chaves e generalista plantonista no Hospital São Bento. Ex-Diretora Científica (2017-2019) e membro da Liga Acadêmica de Endocrinologia e Metabologia de Marabá (LAEMM). Ex-Monitora do Laboratório de Habilidades Clínicas da UEPA (2018-2019). Ex-bolsista do Programa Institucional de Bolsas de Iniciação Científica (PIBIC) da Fundação Amazônia de Amparo a Estudos e Pesquisas (FAPESPA).

Ana Paula Mota Franco, Universidade do Estado do Pará

Doctor on duty at the Hospital of reference in Covid-19 in Amarante do Maranhão-MA, working in Urgency and Emergency and Family and Community Medicine. State University of Pará (UEPA), Center for Biological and Health Sciences.

Daniela Soares Leite, Universidade do Estado do Pará

Graduated in Biological Sciences (Licentiate) from the Federal University of Paraíba (2001), Graduated in Biological Sciences (Bachelor's Degree) from the Federal University of Paraíba (2002), Masters in Genetics and Molecular Biology from the Federal University of Pará (2006) and Doctorate in Genetics and Molecular Biology at the Federal University of Pará (2011). Current practice area (teaching and research)l: Genomic Ancestry/Biological and medical anthropology/Paleogenetics/Basic Genetics/Human and Medical Genetics/Bioethics/Collective Health/Basic Epidemiology/Scientific Methodology/Behavioral Genetics. Effective PhD Professor at the State University of Pará.

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Published

05/08/2021

How to Cite

SILVA, Ádria R. da; FRANCO, A. P. M.; LEITE, D. S. Knowledge, use and failure of contraceptive methods among women from Marabá who have had abortions. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 10, n. 10, p. e62101018549, 2021. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v10i10.18549. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/18549. Acesso em: 21 oct. 2021.

Issue

Section

Health Sciences