The relationship between y balance performance and hip strength in recreationally trained women




Dynamic balance; Injury risk; Resistance training.


This study set one´s sight on the relationship between lower quarter y balance test (YBT-LQ) score with hip isometric strength with recreationally resistance-trained women. Utilizing dynamic balance as a screening tool for lower extremity injury risk has been proposed as a potential solution in injury prevention and injury assessment. A convenience sample of twenty young college females (22.3 ± 2.1 years) with a background in regular strength or plyometric training volunteered to participate in this study. The scores of YBT-LQ for each direction were calculated. A hand-held dynamometer was used to measure the maximum voluntary isometric strength of each participant´s unilateral hip extensors, flexors, adductors, abductors, internal and external rotation muscles. Significant lower normalized score was noted for the dominant limb (81.2 ± 11.7) when compared to non-dominant limb (83.6 ± 12.4) for anterior distance. For the composite score of YBT-LQ, a weak association was noted for hip extension and internal rotation, and moderate association was observed for hip flexion, adduction, and abduction. On the other hand, a strong association was observed between hip external rotators strength (r =0.516). Thus, the main finding of the current study was the strong association observed between hip external rotators strength and composite score of YBT-LQ.


Brech, G., Alonso, A., Luna, N., & Greve, J. (2013). Correlation of postural balance and knee muscle strength in the sit-to-stand test among women with and without postmenopausal osteoporosis. Osteoporosis International, 24(7), 2007-2013.

Chen, T., & Chou, L. (2017). Effects of Muscle Strength and Balance Control on Sit-to-Walk and Turn Durations in the Timed Up and Go Test. Archives Of Physical Medicine And Rehabilitation, 98(12), 2471-2476.

Cohen, J. (2013). Statistical Power Analysis for the Behavioral Sciences. Elsevier Science.

Culiver, A., Garrison, J., Creed, K., Conway, J., Goto, S., & Werner, S. (2019). Correlation Among Y-Balance Test–Lower Quarter Composite Scores, Hip Musculoskeletal Characteristics, and Pitching Kinematics in NCAA Division I Baseball Pitchers. Journal Of Sport Rehabilitation, 28(5), 432-437.

Douma, R., Soer, R., Krijnen, W., Reneman, M., & van der Schans, C. (2014). Reference values for isometric muscle force among workers for the Netherlands: a comparison of reference values. BMC Sports Science, Medicine And Rehabilitation, 6(1).

Ganesh, G., Chhabra, D., Pattnaik, M., Mohanty, P., Patel, R., & Mrityunjay, K. (2015). Effect of trunk muscles training using a star excursion balance test grid on strength, endurance and disability in persons with chronic low back pain. Journal Of Back And Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation, 28(3), 521-530.

Gordon, A. T., Ambegaonkar, J. P., & Caswell, S. V. (2013). Relationships between core strength, hip external rotator muscle strength, and star excursion balance test performance in female lacrosse players. International journal of sports physical therapy, 8(2), 97–104.

Hartley, E. M., Hoch, M. C., & Boling, M. C. (2018). Y-balance test performance and BMI are associated with ankle sprain injury in collegiate male athletes. Journal of science and medicine in sport, 21(7), 676–680.

Hopkins, W. G., Marshall, S. W., Batterham, A. M., & Hanin, J. (2009). Progressive statistics for studies in sports medicine and exercise science. Medicine and science in sports and exercise, 41(1), 3–13.

Jagger, K., Fazier, A., Aron, A. & Harper, B. (2020). Scoring performance variations between the Y-Balance Test, a modified Y-Balance test, and the modified Star Excursion Balance Test. International journal of sports physical therapy, 15(1), 34-41.

Johnston, W., Dolan, K., Reid, N., Coughlan, G. F., & Caulfield, B. (2018). Investigating the effects of maximal anaerobic fatigue on dynamic postural control using the Y-Balance Test. Journal of science and medicine in sport, 21(1), 103–108.

Kendall, F. (2005). Muscles testing and function. Williams & Wilkins.

Lee, D. K., Kim, G. M., Ha, S. M., & Oh, J. S. (2014). Correlation of the Y-Balance Test with Lower-limb Strength of Adult Women. Journal of physical therapy science, 26(5), 641–643.

Lee, D. K., Kang, M. H., Lee, T. S., & Oh, J. S. (2015). Relationships among the Y balance test, Berg Balance Scale, and lower limb strength in middle-aged and older females. Brazilian journal of physical therapy, 19(3), 227–234.

Linek, P., Sikora, D., Wolny, T., & Saulicz, E. (2017). Reliability and number of trials of Y Balance Test in adolescent athletes. Musculoskeletal science & practice, 31, 72–75.

Medronho, R., Vergetti Bloch, K., Raggio Luiz, R., & Loureiro Werneck, G. (2009). Epidemiologia (2nd ed.). Atheneu.

McCann, R. S., Crossett, I. D., Terada, M., Kosik, K. B., Bolding, B. A., & Gribble, P. A. (2017). Hip strength and star excursion balance test deficits of patients with chronic ankle instability. Journal of science and medicine in sport, 20(11), 992–996.

Paz, G. A., Maia, M., Farias, D., Santana, H., Miranda, H., Lima, V., & Herrington, L. (2016). Kinematic analysis of knee valgus during drop vertical jump and forward step-up in young basketball players. International journal of sports physical therapy, 11(2), 212–219.

Paz, G. A., Gabbett, T. J., Maia, M. F., Santana, H., Miranda, H., & Lima, V. (2017). Physical performance and positional differences among young female volleyball players. The Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness, 57(10), 1282–1289.

Riemann, B. L.; Lephart, S. M. (2002). The sensorimotor system, part 1: the physiologic basis of functional joint stability. Journal of athletic training, 37(1), 71-79.

Williams, V. J., Nagai, T., Sell, T. C., Abt, J. P., Rowe, R. S., McGrail, M. A., & Lephart, S. M. (2016). Prediction of Dynamic Postural Stability During Single-Leg Jump Landings by Ankle and Knee Flexibility and Strength. Journal of sport rehabilitation, 25(3), 266–272.

Wilson, B. R., Robertson, K. E., Burnham, J. M., Yonz, M. C., Ireland, M. L., & Noehren, B. (2018). The Relationship Between Hip Strength and the Y Balance Test. Journal of sport rehabilitation, 27(5), 445–450.




How to Cite

PAZ, G. A. .; GUALTER SANTANA, H.; OLIVEIRA, F. de; BRANDÃO , A. C. B. .; SANTOS JÚNIOR, V. dos; MIRANDA, H. .; HÉBERT-LOSIER, K. The relationship between y balance performance and hip strength in recreationally trained women. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 10, n. 10, p. e327101019167, 2021. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v10i10.19167. Disponível em: Acesso em: 25 oct. 2021.



Health Sciences