Quality of life analysis of medical students at a private university in Sergipe through the WHOQOL-bref: a sociodemographic approach

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v10i13.21086

Keywords:

Medical students; Quality of life; Mental health.

Abstract

Objective: To analyze the quality of life and sociodemographic aspects of medical students in the first, eighth and twelfth period of a private higher education institution in Sergipe. Methods: This is a prospective cross-sectional analytical study involving medical students at a private university with the Problem Based Learning (PBL) teaching system. Two questionnaires were used, one sociodemographic and the World Health Organization's Quality of Life (WHOQOL-bref). Results: Of the total of 126 students, most are female, live with family members, never married and are aged between 20 and 35 years. In addition, most students do not work and pay their own tuition fees. The worst average in the analyzed domains was the psychological. In the sociodemographic aspect, significant values ​​were found, with lower averages of quality of life among those living in a private republic, those over 35 years of age, those who had the course financed and those who had a profession. Conclusion: According to the study, it is clear that there is a loss in the quality of life of medical students, with regard to sociodemographic factors, especially age, housing, form of payment for the course and work. Thus, it is important for the university to encourage leisure activities and publicize the Pedagogical and Psychosocial Support Center (NAPPS).

References

Amorim, B. B., Moraes, L., Sá, I. C. G., Silva, B. B. G., & Camara Filho, J. W. S. (2018). Saúde Mental do Estudante de Medicina: Psicopatologia, Estresse, Sono e Qualidade de Vida. Revista Psicologia, Diversidade e Saúde, 7(2), 245-254. 10.17267/2317-3394rpds.v7i2.1911.

Aziz, Y., Khan, A. Y., Shahid, I., Khan, M. A. M., & Aisha, A. (2020). Quality of life of students of a private medical college. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 36(2), Article 2. https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.2.668.

Bergmann, C., Muth, T., & Loerbroks, A. (2019). Medical students’ perceptions of stress due to academic studies and its interrelationships with other domains of life: A qualitative study. Medical Education Online, 24(1), 1603526. https://doi.org/10.1080/10872981.2019.1603526.

Chattu, V. K., Sahu, P. K., Seedial, N., Seecharan, G., Seepersad, A., Seunarine, M., Sieunarine, S., Seymour, K., Simboo, S., & Singh, A. (2020). An Exploratory Study of Quality of Life and Its Relationship with Academic Performance among Students in Medical and other Health Professions. Medical Sciences, 8(2), 23. https://doi.org/10.3390/medsci8020023.

Chazan, A. C. S., Campos, M. R., & Portugal, F. B. (2015). Qualidade de vida de estudantes de medicina da UERJ por meio do Whoqol-bref: Uma abordagem multivariada. Ciência & Saúde Coletiva, 20, 547–556. https://doi.org/10.1590/1413-81232015202.05182014.

Colby, L., Mareka, M., Pillay, S., Sallie, F., van Staden, C., du Plessis, E. D., & Joubert, G. (2018). The association between the levels of burnout and quality of life among fourth-year medical students at the University of the Free State. The South African Journal of Psychiatry: SAJP: The Journal of the Society of Psychiatrists of South Africa, 24, 1101. https://doi.org/10.4102/sajpsychiatry.v24i0.1101.

Cunha, D. H. F. da, Moraes, M. A. de, Benjamin, M. R., & Santos, A. M. N. dos. (2017). Percepção da qualidade de vida e fatores associados aos escores de qualidade de vida de alunos de uma escola de medicina. Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria, 66, 189–196. https://doi.org/10.1590/0047-2085000000170.

Enns, S. C., Perotta, B., Paro, H. B., Gannam, S., Peleias, M., Mayer, F. B., Santos, I. S., Menezes, M., Senger, M. H., Barelli, C., Silveira, P. S. P., Martins, M. A., & Zen Tempski, P. (2016). Medical Students’ Perception of Their Educational Environment and Quality of Life: Is There a Positive Association? Academic Medicine, 91(3), 409–417. https://doi.org/10.1097/ACM.0000000000000952.

Fundo De Financiamento Ao Estudante Do Ensino Superior. ([s.d.]). https://sisfiesportal.mec.gov.br/.

Gan, G. G., & Yuen Ling, H. (2019). Anxiety, depression and quality of life of medical students in Malaysia. The Medical Journal of Malaysia, 74(1), 57–61.

Ghassab-Abdollahi, N., Shakouri, S. K., Aghdam, A. T., Farshbaf-Khalili, A., Abdolalipour, S., & Farshbaf-Khalili, A. (2020). Association of quality of life with physical activity, depression, and demographic characteristics and its predictors among medical students. Journal of Education and Health Promotion, 9, 147. https://doi.org/10.4103/jehp.jehp_91_20.

Heinen, I., Bullinger, M., & Kocalevent, R.-D. (2017). Perceived stress in first year medical students—Associations with personal resources and emotional distress. BMC Medical Education, 17(1), 4. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12909-016-0841-8.

Hwang, I. C., Park, K. H., Kim, J. J., Yim, J., Ko, K. P., Bae, S. M., & Kyung, S. Y. (2017). Perceived Social Support as a Determinant of Quality of Life Among Medical Students: 6-Month Follow-up Study. Academic Psychiatry, 41(2), 180–184. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40596-016-0503-5.

Irribarra T., L., Mery I., P., Lira S., M. J., Campos D., M., González L., F., & Irarrázaval D., S. (2018). ¿Cómo es la calidad de vida reportada por los estudiantes de Medicina? Revista médica de Chile, 146(11), 1294–1303. https://doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872018001101294.

Lins, L., Carvalho, F. M., Menezes, M. S., Porto-Silva, L., & Damasceno, H. (2015). Health-related quality of life of students from a private medical school in Brazil. International Journal of Medical Education, 6, 149–154. https://doi.org/10.5116/ijme.563a.5dec.

Malibary, H., Zagzoog, M. M., Banjari, M. A., Bamashmous, R. O., & Omer, A. R. (2019). Quality of Life (QoL) among medical students in Saudi Arabia: A study using the WHOQOL-BREF instrument. BMC Medical Education, 19(1), 344. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12909-019-1775-8.

Meira, F., Moreno, G., Arruda, R. B. P. de, & Veras, A. B. (2017). Nuances do conceito de saúde mental e a qualidade de vida de estudantes de medicina. Revista Sul-Americana de Psicologia, 5(2), 263–280.

Obad, A. S., Abdulwali, F. K., Alaidroos, H. A. H., BaAbbad, A. A., Al-Gunaid, M. A., Al Ghurabi, M. O. S., Bawazir, A. A., BaFadhl, Z. A. A., Baqashmer, Z. A. A., & Shareef, M. A. (2021). Relationship between shortage of basic life needs and quality of life of medical students in Yemen: A study utilizing validity and reliability of WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire. Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care, 10(3), 1466–1472. https://doi.org/10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_935_20.

Oliveira, A. B. D. de. (2018). Estresse, síndrome de burnout e qualidade de vida em estudantes de medicina que utilizam metodologia ativa de ensino-aprendizagem: Um estudo transversal. https://ri.ufs.br/jspui/handle/riufs/7563.

Pacheco, J. P., Giacomin, H. T., Tam, W. W., Ribeiro, T. B., Arab, C., Bezerra, I. M., & Pinasco, G. C. (2017). Mental health problems among medical students in Brazil: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Brazilian Journal of Psychiatry, 39(4), 369–378. https://doi.org/10.1590/1516-4446-2017-2223.

Rajapuram, N., Langness, S., Marshall, M. R., & Sammann, A. (2020). Medical students in distress: The impact of gender, race, debt, and disability. PLOS ONE, 15(12), e0243250. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0243250.

Scholz, M., Neumann, C., Steinmann, C., Hammer, C. M., Schröder, A., Eßel, N., Paulsen, F., & Burger, P. H. M. (2015). [Development and correlation of work-related behavior and experience patterns, burnout and quality of life in medical students from their freshmanship to the first state examination]. Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie, 65(3–4), 93–98. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0034-1375630.

Serinolli, M. I., & Novaretti, M. C. Z. (2017). A cross-sectional study of sociodemographic factors and their influence on quality of life in medical students at Sao Paulo, Brazil. PLOS ONE, 12(7), e0180009. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0180009.

Solis, A. C., & Lotufo-Neto, F. (2019). Predictors of quality of life in Brazilian medical students: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Brazilian Journal of Psychiatry, 41(6), 556–567. https://doi.org/10.1590/1516-4446-2018-0116.

Tassini, C. C., Val, G. R. do, Candido, S. da S., & Bachur, C. K. (2017). Avaliação do Estilo de Vida em Discentes Universitários da Área da Saúde através do Questionário Fantástico. International Journal of Cardiovascular Sciences, 30, 117–122. https://doi.org/10.5935/2359-4802.20170024.

The World Health Organization Quality of Life assessment (WHOQOL): Position paper from the World Health Organization. (1995). Social Science & Medicine (1982), 41(10), 1403–1409. https://doi.org/10.1016/0277-9536(95)00112-k.

Vizzotto, M. M., Jesus, S. N. de, & Martins, A. C. (2017). Saudades de Casa: Indicativos de depressão, ansiedade, qualidade de vida e adaptação de estudantes universitários. Revista Psicologia e Saúde. https://doi.org/10.20435/pssa.v9i1.469.

Published

10/10/2021

How to Cite

BARRETO, A. S. M. .; NASCIMENTO, E. de C.; MEHLEM, J. M. .; ROLIM JUNIOR, R. A. da S. .; SOARES, A. C. G. M. Quality of life analysis of medical students at a private university in Sergipe through the WHOQOL-bref: a sociodemographic approach. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 10, n. 13, p. e191101321086, 2021. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v10i13.21086. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/21086. Acesso em: 2 dec. 2021.

Issue

Section

Health Sciences