Effects of passive smoking on the health of children and adolescents: a systematic review





Long Term Adverse Effects; Systematic Review; Tobacco Smoke Pollution.


Despite growing global efforts to control tobacco use, it remains a common addiction. Passive smoking is the inhalation of smoke from tobacco derivatives by non-smokers, breathing in the same toxic substances that the smoker inhales. The objective of this systematic review was to identify the possible effects of passive smoking on the health of children and adolescents. The PICO tool was used to prepare the research question. The protocol of this study was submitted to PROSPERO and the PRISMA guidelines were followed. The following databases were used: LILACS, MEDLINE and EMBASE. As a result, 493 articles were identified from the last 5 years, 8 articles were removed for being duplicates, 439 articles were excluded for not meeting the inclusion criteria, 8 articles were excluded for poor methodological quality and 38 were included in the study.  It was concluded, as evidence, that passive smoking has negative effects on the health of children and adolescents and was associated with respiratory, infectious, psychoneurocognitive, metabolic, cardiovascular, otorhinolaryngological, allergic disorders and increased mortality.

Author Biographies

Ana Carolina Vieira Azevedo, Faculdades Pequeno Príncipe

Medical student at Faculdades Pequeno Principe

Giulia Vittoria Ambrogi Pereira , Faculdades Pequeno Príncipe

Medical student at Pequeno Príncipe faculty

Mariana Xavier e Silva, Faculdades Pequeno Príncipe

Professor at the Pequeno Príncipe College

Kristian Sbolli, Faculdades Pequeno Príncipe

Master's student in the Health Sciences Teaching Program


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How to Cite

AZEVEDO, A. C. V. .; PEREIRA , G. V. A. .; SILVA, M. X. e .; SBOLLI, K.; RIBEIRO, E. R. . Effects of passive smoking on the health of children and adolescents: a systematic review. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 10, n. 13, p. e582101321275, 2021. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v10i13.21275. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/21275. Acesso em: 4 dec. 2021.



Review Article