Cardiovascular and nitric oxide response after maximal voluntary isometric contraction in adolescents with and without Down Syndrome

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v11i1.25342

Keywords:

Down syndrome; Isometric exercise; Blood pressure; Nitric oxide; Adolescents.

Abstract

Este estudo teve como objetivo comparar as respostas cardiovasculares e de óxido nítrico (NO) à contração isométrica voluntária máxima (CIVM) com diferentes grupos musculares (leg press [LEP] e preensão manual isométrica [IHG]) de adolescentes com e sem síndrome de Down (SD). Alem de comparar a força IHG absoluta e relativa entre os grupos. Onze adolescentes com SD (14,1 ± 1,0 anos) e dez sem SD (13,7 ± 1,25 anos) realizaram duas sessões experimentais de exercícios LEP e IHG: 1) sessão de familiarização e 2) 3 tentativas x 5 segundos de contração na CIVM com 3- intervalo mínimo de descanso. A pressão arterial (PA), a frequência cardíaca (FC) e o NO foram coletados em repouso, imediatamente após a sessão de exercício e 10 minutos após o exercício. A dosagem de NO na saliva foi realizada pelo método colorimétrico de Griess. Não houve diferenças para respostas cardiovasculares e NO entre os grupos para CIVM. No entanto, o SD teve uma resposta cardiovascular menor, mas não significativamente, em repouso e após os testes de CIVM do que aqueles sem SD. O grupo SD apresentou maior concentração de NO em repouso, recuperação e após IHG quando comparado ao grupo não SD (P <0,05). Além disso, adolescentes com SD apresentaram menor nível de força de IHG absoluta e relativa quando comparados àqueles sem SD (P = 0,001). Indivíduos com SD apresentam menor resposta cardiovascular em repouso e após testes de CIVM e maior resposta de NO após o exercício quando comparados ao grupo sem SD.

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Published

13/01/2022

How to Cite

MELO, G. L. R. .; MORAES, M. R. .; ABREU, W. F. .; OLHER, R. R.; DEUS, L. A.; NEVES , R. V. P. .; ROSA, T. dos S. .; BOATO , E. M.; HODGE , S. R.; STONE , W.; NASCIMENTO , D. C. . Cardiovascular and nitric oxide response after maximal voluntary isometric contraction in adolescents with and without Down Syndrome . Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 11, n. 1, p. e50011125342, 2022. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i1.25342. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/25342. Acesso em: 2 mar. 2024.

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Health Sciences