The feed beyond need: mechanisms of the hedonic control of eating

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v11i3.26626

Keywords:

Eating behavior; Hedonic consumption; Food addiction; Palatability.

Abstract

Eating behaviors arise from a combination of several factors namely, physiological, emotional, social and genetic, including the prevailing state of the environment that the individual has been exposed to from the commencement of development. Several factors are known to affect the control of eating behaviors, distinguishable by the synergism of the homeostatic and hedonic control mechanisms, which are complementary. While undeniably homeostasis is under the control of the hormonal interchange between the intestine and the brain, the desire to eat is focused on the brain reward system, which includes acquisition and addictions and binge eating. In today's world, the easy availability of processed foods, high in sugars and fats, which stimulate the reward areas, can flood the brain with neurotransmitters linked to pleasure and happiness. This often results in an uncontrollable desire to eat, technically termed hedonic hunger. A presentation of an integrated perspective of the mechanisms involved in the control of hedonic eating behavior is given. It is crucial to understand these mechanisms, particularly paying attention to the ways the modern food environment induces excessive consumption and its contributions to the present obesity epidemic.

Author Biographies

Mayara Matias de Oliveira, Federal University of Pernambuco

Bachelor's degree in Biomedicine from the Federal University of Pernambuco, specialist in oncology and hematology, master's degree from the Postgraduate Program in Genetics/UFPE and PhD student from the Postgraduate Program in Nutrition/UFPE. He has experience in the fields of Clinical Analysis, Hematology, Human Genetics, Molecular Biology, Neurophysiology and Behavioral Sciences.

Elton Gabriel Fernandes de Brito, Federal University of Pernambuco

Graduated in Nursing at the University of Pernambuco (UPE), Campus Petrolina. Scientific Initiation Scholarship at the Laboratory of Investigation in the Nervous System and Metabolism (LPSN). Member of the research group Desarrollo, Nutrition, Phytotherapy and Hygiene (2018-). Participation in the directory of Teaching, Research and Extension of the Centro Académico de Enfermería Mandacaru (2018-2019).

Keilla Maria Paz e Silva, Medicine College of Olinda

Biomedical with qualification in Clinical Analysis. Master (2014) and Doctor (2019) in Biology Applied to Health at the Keizo Asami Immunopathology Laboratory (LIKA) of the Federal University of Pernambuco-UFPE. Health Analyst at the Central Public Health Laboratory Dr. Milton Bezerra Sobral (Lacen PE), performing molecular diagnosis for HIV-1. She acted as Coordinator and Lecturer at Uninassau-Caruaru, in the Bachelor's Degree in Biomedicine and Nutrition, with experience in course authorization / recognition processes. She is currently Coordinator of TBLs and Professor in teaching strategies: PBL (Problem Based Learning), TBL (Team-Based Learning) and LPF (Laboratory of Functional Practices) at Faculdade de Medicina de Olinda (FMO). Frontline work for the diagnosis of COVID-19 in Pernambuco in 2020-2021.

Flavia Regina Gonçalves de Aráujo, Medicine College of Olinda

She is currently a Visiting Professor at the Dentistry Course at the Federal University of Pernambuco (UFPE), working in the discipline of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Traumatology; she is the Coordinator of Tutorials for the Medicine Course at the Faculty of Medicine of Olinda (FMO); she is Tutor of the first, second and third periods of the Medicine Course at the Faculty of Medicine of Olinda (FMO); She is an effective member of the Ethics Committee in Research with Human Beings of the Faculty of Medicine of Olinda (CEP / FMO) and an effective member of the Ethics Committee on Research in the Use of Animals (CEUA / FMO); She is a member of the Faculty of Medicine of the Faculty of Medicine of Olinda (FMO); She coordinated the Extension Project: "CINE FMO"; She is a Permanent Collaborator of the Extension Course ?Updates in General Pathology?, carried out by the Department of Pathology and Postgraduate Program in Pathology of the Federal University of Pernambuco (UFPE) and is a Professor of the Specialization Course in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Traumatology. Facial, performed by the Department of Prosthesis and Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery of the Federal University of Pernambuco (UFPE). She was Professor of the Medicine Course at UNINASSAU, working in the Traditional Methodology-Discipline of General Pathological Processes; and in the Active Tutoring Methodology of the first, second and third periods; She coordinated the Dentistry Course at Faculdades Integradas de Patos (FIP). She coordinated the Basic-Clinical Axis of the Medicine Course at Faculdades Integradas de Patos (FIP). She coordinated the Universal Project CNPq entitled: Neonatal malnutrition in the process of dental alveolitis in rats: morphometric and molecular analysis? ? Public Notice/Call: Universal 14/2011 ? Process: 486394/2011-5 (2011/2013). He completed two Post-Doctorates at the Keizo Asami Immunopathology Laboratory - LIKA/UFPE, the first being funded by FACEPE (2011/2012) and the second developed through the CAPES Institutional PNPD Program, linked to the Graduate Program in Applied Biology to Health from UFPE (2012/2015). He holds a PhD in Nutrition with a concentration in Experimental Bases of Nutrition from the Federal University of Pernambuco (2007/2011), a Master's in Dentistry with an area of ​​concentration in Integrated Clinic from the Federal University of Pernambuco (2004/2006), Specialization in Surgery and Traumatology Oral-Maxillo-Facial from the Federal University of Pernambuco (2001/2003) and a degree in Dentistry from the Federal University of Pernambuco (1996). In the academic area, she has experience with Traditional Methodology: Disciplines of Embryology, Histology, Pathology, Microbiology and Immunology; as well as with the Active Methodology: Problem Based Learning (PBL) and Morpho-Functional Laboratory (LMF). In Dentistry, they are more active in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, working mainly on the following topics: dental alveolitis process, dental inclusion, oral infections caused by HPV, facial trauma and implantology.

Taisy Cinthia Ferro Cavalcante, Federal University of Pernambuco

He is a Graduate in Nutrition at the Federal University of Pernambuco (2004), Master in Nutrition at the Federal University of Pernambuco (2012) and Doctor in Nutrition at the Federal University of Pernambuco (2016). She is currently an adjunct professor at the Universidad de Pernambuco-Campus Petrolina. She is a member of the Comisión de Actividades Académicas Complementarias and a member of the Teaching Nucleus of Structure of the Faculty of Nutrition of the University of Pernambuco. He is part of the teaching staff of the Postgraduate Program in Health Sciences FCM / ICB / UPE. He is part of the Banco de Evaluadores SINAES / BASis as an Evaluator of Graduation Courses at the Instituto Nacional de Estudios e Investigaciones Educativas Anísio Teixeira, INEP / MEC. He has experience in Nutrition, working mainly on the following topics: Nutrition and the Nervosol System; Nutrition and Food Behavior; Nutrition and Diet High in Grasas; Normal Nutrition and Dietetics and Collectivity.

Amanda Alves Marcelino da Silva, Federal University of Pernambuco

Graduated in Biomedicine from the Federal University of Pernambuco (2008). Master's in Nutrition on Experimental Bases of Nutrition (2011) from the Federal University in Pernambuco. PhD from the Postgraduate Program in Neuropsychiatry and Behavioral Sciences-UFPE (2014). She is currently an Adjunct Professor at the Nursing Collegiate at the Petrolina Campus of the University of Pernambuco and a professor at the Postgraduate Program in Health Sciences at the Faculty of Medical Sciences at the University of Pernambuco. Member of the Brazilian Societies of Physiology (SBFis) and Neuroscience (SBNeC) She has experience in the field of Pharmacology and Physiology, with emphasis on the influence of the serotonergic and noradrenergic system on Food Consumption and Behavior. She is currently studying the influence of perinatal malnutrition on serotonergic mechanisms to control hedonic eating behavior.

Sandra Lopes de Souza, Federal University of Pernambuco

Graduated (1998) and Master (2001) in Nutrition by the Federal University of Pernambuco, Doctor in Morphofunctional Sciences by the University of São Paulo (2005) and Postdoctoral (2007) in Neuroscience by the University of Nantes, France. She is currently Associate Professor of the Department of Anatomy at the Federal University of Pernambuco. She is a permanent member of the Postgraduate Program in Nutrition and the Program in Neuropsychiatry and Behavior Sciences, both at UFPE. She has experience in Neuroscience and Development, working mainly on the following topics: Morphological and functional aspects of food behavior, perinatal environment and neuroplasticity.

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01/03/2022

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OLIVEIRA, M. M. de .; BRITO, E. G. F. de .; SILVA, K. M. P. e .; ARÁUJO, F. R. G. de .; CAVALCANTE, T. C. F. .; SILVA, A. A. M. da .; SOUZA, S. L. de . The feed beyond need: mechanisms of the hedonic control of eating. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 11, n. 3, p. e41911326626, 2022. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i3.26626. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/26626. Acesso em: 15 jun. 2024.

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