Burnout: manifestations in the basic cycle of Medicine class

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v11i6.29251

Keywords:

Medicine; Burnout syndrome; Psychological distress; Students.

Abstract

Burnout syndrome is characterized as an aggravation of stress, of a persistent character, related to occupation relationships, and there are three dimensions: exhaustion, professional achievement and depersonalization. Some indicators suggest that the stress generated in students in the health area, due to the rigorous study routine, would place them as victims of this syndrome. This study aimed to verify the manifestation of Burnout syndrome in students of the basic cycle of the undergraduate medical course at UFMA-Pinheiro. Validated questionnaires were applied to assess the syndrome in this group, aiming to assess the students' stress level. As for the statistical analysis, initially all variables were analyzed descriptively. For quantitative variables, this analysis was performed by observing the minimum and maximum values, and calculating means and standard deviations. For qualitative variables, absolute and relative frequencies were calculated. The study was developed with 98 people, where high emotional exhaustion was present in 46.94% of the students, cynicism and depersonalization was found in 30.61% of the academics and 46.94% of the students had a low level of effectiveness. The profile most affected by Burnout syndrome was female students with low income and fewer hours of leisure. Prevention can be performed in the group in question and, when the prevalent factors of the syndrome in this group are known, this measure will enable the formation of more empathetic doctors dedicated to caring for the community.

References

Alves, A. K. R., Silva, B. B. L. da, Machado, L. F. C. B., Silva, G. B. da, Franklin, F. L. A. A., Noronha, F. M. C., Melo, P. de S., Filho, J. V. A., Azevedo, V. E. de, Barbosa, E. de S., Fortes , C. V. S. .,Júnior, P. B. B., Bucar, L. E. Q., Santos, V. R. . & Santos, V. K. R. (2022). Factors that trigger the development of Burnout syndrome in health professionals in emergency services: a literature review. Research, Society and Development, 11(2), e40011225814. doi: 10.33448/rsd-v11i2.25814.

Anversa, M.B., Resende, N. B. C. & Junior, A. G. R. (2020). A prevalência da síndrome de Burnout em estudantes de medicina do distrito federal. Brazilian Journal Development, 6(7), 49480-49497.

Backović D.V., Zivojinovic J. I., Maksimovic J. & Maksimovic M. (2012). Gender differences in academic stress and Burnout among medical students in final years of education. Psychiatria Danubina, 24(2), 175-181.

Barbosa, M.L., et al. (2018). Burnout Prevalence and Associated Factors Among Brazilian Medical Students. Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health, 14, 188-195.

Benevides-Pereira A.M.T (2010). Burnout: Quando o trabalho ameaça o bem-estar do trabalhador (3 ed.). São Paulo: Casa do Psicólogo.

Carlotto, M.S., Gonçalves C., S. (2008). Preditores da Síndrome de Burnout em estudantes universitários. Pensamiento Psicológico, 4(10), 101-109.

Costa, E.F.O. et al. (2012). Burnout Syndrome and associated factors among medical students: a cross-sectional study. Clinics, 67(6), 573-580.

Choi, A.M.K. & Friedman R (2020). Meeting the challenges of medical student mental health and well-being today. Med Educ., 54(3), 183-185.

Cruz, C.S.R. (2020). Síndrome de Burnout em estudantes de medicina do ICBAS: prevalência, relação com dados sociodemográficos e académicos e relação com ansiedade e depressão (Dissertação de Mestrado). Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal.

Cruz, M. C. A., Cardoso, E. F., Garcia, T. R., Macedo, R. M., Arruda, J. T. (2021). Impacto das emoções no desempenho acadêmico e na qualidade de vida dos estudantes de Medicina. Research, Society and Development, 10(11), p. e216101119412. doi: 10.33448/rsd-v10i11.19412.

Freudenberger, H.J. (1974). Staff Burn-out. J. Soc. Issues, 30, 159-165.

Gonçalves, C.I.R.V.B. (2016). Síndrome de Burnout em Estudantes de Medicina (Dissertação de Mestrado). Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal.

Jennings, M.L. (2009). Medical Student Burnout: Interdisciplinary Exploration and Analysis. Journal of Medical Humanities, 30, 253–269.

Lemaire, J.B. & Wallace, J.E. (2017). Burnout among doctors. The BMJ, 358, 3360.

Lima A.S., Farah B.F. & Bustamante-Teixeira MT. (2018). Análise da Prevalência da Síndrome de Burnout em Profissionais da Atenção Primária em Saúde. Trab. Educ. Saúde, 16(1), 283-304.

Lima J.C., et al. (2021a). Síndrome de Burnout em Estudantes de Medicina. Brazilian Journal of Development. 7(5), 51758-51766.

Lima, L. P. de, Lima, M. A. C. de, Borges, D. G. V. M. ., Segundo, J. L. da S., Fraga, P. H. B. de ., Silva, R. V. de L. e ., Menezes, V. M. de ., Souza, M. B. R. de. (2021b) Síndrome de Burnout em acadêmicos de Medicina. Research, Society and Development, 10(5), e15210514697. doi: 10.33448/rsd-v10i5.14697.

Lima, S. dos S. F., Dolabela, M. F. (2021). Estratégias usadas para a prevenção e tratamento da Síndrome de Burnout. Research, Society and Development, 10(5), p. e11110514500. doi: 10.33448/rsd-v10i5.14500.

Martínez, I. M. M. y Pinto, A. M. (2005). Burnout en estudiantes universitarios de España y Portugal y su relación con variables académicas. Aletheia, 21, 21-30.

Maslach, C. (2003). Burnout: The cost of caring. Cambridge, MA: Malor Books

Maslach, C, et al. (2008). Burnout: 35 years of research and practice. Career Development International, 14(3), 204-220.

Maslach, C. & Leiter, M.P. (2008). Early predictors of job Burnout and engagement. Journal of Applied Psychology, 93(3), 498–512.

Maslach, C., Schaufeli, W.B. & Leiter, M.P. (2001) Job Burnout. Annu. Rev. Psychol, 52, 397-422.

Mazurkiewicz, R., et al. (2012) The prevalence and correlations of medical student Burnout in the pre-clinical years: A crosssectional study. Psychology, Health & Medicine, 17(2), 188–195.

Moura, R.S., et al. (2021) Síndrome de Burnout em acadêmicos de medicina: Uma revisão de literatura. Revista eletrônica Acervo Saúde, 13(11), e9205.

Oliveira, A. R. de, Bezerra, T. C. G., Oliveira, T. H. A., Rezende, A. T., Figueiredo, C. V. de, Costa, T. S. (2021). Burnout’s Syndrome and Impostor Syndrome: a correlational study Research, Society and Development, 10(3), e34710313344. doi:10.33448/rsd-v10i3.13344.

Pagnin D., de Queiroz V. (2015) Influence of burnout and sleep difficulties on the quality of life among medical students. Springerplus. 5(4), 676. doi: 10.1186/s40064-015-1477-6.

Romani, M. & Ashkar, K. (2014). Burnout among physicians. Libyan J Med, 9, 23556. doi: https://doi.org/10.3402/ljm.v9.23556.

Ricardo, Y.R. & Paneque, F.R.R. (2014). Hacia un estudio bidimensional del Síndrome de Burnout en estudiantes universitarios. Ciênc. saúde coletiva, 19(12), 4767-4775.

Rodrigues, C. S., et al. Evaluation of Burnout Syndrome Prevalence in Medical Students. Revista Brasileira de Educação Médica [online]. (2020). 44(4), e176. <https://doi.org/10.1590/1981-5271v44.4-20200032.ING https://doi.org/10.1590/1981-5271v44.4-20200032>.

Sani, I., et al. (2020). Understanding the consequence of COVID-19 on undergraduate medical education: Medical students' perspective. Ann Med Surg, 58, 117-119.

Shadid, A., Shadid, A. M., Shadid, A., Almutairi, F. E., Almotairi, K. E., Aldarwish, T., Alzamil, O., Alkholaiwi, F., & Khan, S. U. (2020). Stress, Burnout, and Associated Risk Factors in Medical Students. Cureus, 12(1), e6633. https://doi.org/10.7759/cureus.6633.

Tavares, H.H.F.,et al. (2020). Fatores associados à Síndrome de Burnout em estudantes de medicina. Mundo da Saúde 44, 280-289.

Vieira, I. & Russo, J.A. (2019). Burnout e estresse: entre medicalização e psicologização. Physis, 29(2), e290206.

Yates, S.W. (2020). Physician Stress and Burnout. The American Journal of Medicine, 133(2), 160-164.

Published

04/05/2022

How to Cite

LEITÃO JÚNIOR, P. S.; COSTA, S. de S. .; BRITO, A. G. da S. .; MEDEIROS, I. S. M. de .; MARTINS, J. G. F. .; SEGUNDO, A. P. de A. . Burnout: manifestations in the basic cycle of Medicine class. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 11, n. 6, p. e46311629251, 2022. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i6.29251. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/29251. Acesso em: 18 may. 2022.

Issue

Section

Health Sciences