Antioxidant activity, Physicochemical characterization and study of the bioactivity of fixed oil of Attalea speciosa Mart. ex Spreng (Arecaceae) against fungal pathogens

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v11i7.30307

Keywords:

Caatinga; Ethnobotany; Ethnopharmacology.

Abstract

This work evaluated the antioxidant properties, physicochemical profile, fatty acid profile and antifungal activity of the fixed oil of the plant species Attalea speciosa Mart. ex Spreng (Arecaceae). This plant is popularly known in Brazil as babaçu, baguaçu, coco de-macaco and, in the Tupi language, uauaçu and presents an enormous versatility regarding its use. Different methodological tests were employed in order to characterize the chemical, physicochemical, antioxidant and antifungal profile of this species, where the results were promising, since the majority composition of the oil was lauric acid, presenting a total of 42.13%. In addition, the antioxidant activity showed that, against gallic acid, the oil presented a total antioxidant capacity of 733.5. The physical-chemical characterization showed relevant aspects, necessary for future incorporation and stability tests of the oil, such as acidity index, refraction index, peroxide index and viscosity. Finally, the fixed oil showed relevant antifungal activity for all fungal strains tested, presenting MIC of 3.1 mg/ml for Candida albicans, 6.3 µl/ml for Candida parapisilosis and 25.0 mg/ml of A. speciosa oil for Candida glabrata

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Published

28/05/2022

How to Cite

VIANA, E. S. .; ALVES, J. V. de O. .; AGUIAR, I. F. da S. .; SILVA, F. H. S. da; SILVA, R. L. da; ARRUDA, L. G. de; BARBOSA, M. F. dos S. .; BARBASA, B. V. D. da R.; AMORIM, L. C. de; SILVA, P. M. da; SILVA, M. V. da. Antioxidant activity, Physicochemical characterization and study of the bioactivity of fixed oil of Attalea speciosa Mart. ex Spreng (Arecaceae) against fungal pathogens. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 11, n. 7, p. e37311730307, 2022. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i7.30307. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/30307. Acesso em: 5 jul. 2022.

Issue

Section

Health Sciences