E-learning and its impact on health sciences education as a consequence of the COVID-19 Pandemic: Literature review





E-Learning.; Health Sciences ; COVID-19.


Objective: The objective of this study is to establish the importance of the E-learning system in health sciences as well as the impact that it generated due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Methodology: An exhaustive search strategy of the scientific literature was carried out using the PUBMED database, through the keywords "E-Learning", "Health Sciences" and " COVID-19", where a total of 20 scientific articles could be obtained. Results: E-learning education represented a fundamental tool to be able to fulfill several objectives of health sciences, however, there appeared several advantages and disadvantages during its execution. Conclusion: The usefulness of E-learning in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic was of great importance for the health sciences. However, based on this experience, several parameters can be established to take into account to improve and explore various fields of this educational system.


Agarwal, P. K. (2020). A combined approach in prolonged COVID-19 pandemic to teach undergraduate surgery students-future primary care physicians. J Family Med Prim Care, 9(11), 5480-5483. 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_1129_20

Asana, L., Irabor, C., Seppo, S., Jean, C., Ngoma, T., Elzawawy, A., & Ngwa, W. (2021). Using advanced information and communication technologies to advance oncology education in Africa. Ecancermedicalscience, 15, 1211. 10.3332/ecancer.2021.1211

Bartnicka, J., Kabiesz, P., Palka, D., Gajewska, P., Islam, E. U., & Szymanek, D. (2021). Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Employers and H&S Services in Relation to the COVID-19 System in Polish Manufacturing Companies. Int J Environ Res Public Health, 18(17). 10.3390/ijerph18179302

Baker, J. D. (2016) The purpose, process and methods of writing a literature review: Editorial. Association of Operating Room Nurses. AORN Journal, 103(3), 265-269. 10.1016/j.aorn.2016.01.016

Chong, J. H., Chahal, C. A. A., Gupta, A., Ricci, F., Westwood, M., Pugliese, F., & Khanji, M. Y. (2021). COVID-19 and the Digitalisation of Cardiovascular Training and Education-A Review of Guiding Themes for Equitable and Effective Post-graduate Telelearning. Front Cardiovasc Med, 8, 666119. 10.3389/fcvm.2021.666119

Cielo, F., Ulberg, R., & Di Giacomo, D. (2021). Psychological Impact of the COVID-19 Outbreak on Mental Health Outcomes among Youth: A Rapid Narrative Review. Int J Environ Res Public Health, 18(11). 10.3390/ijerph18116067

Di Giacomo, D., Martelli, A., Guerra, F., Cielo, F., & Ranieri, J. (2021). Mediator Effect of Affinity for E-Learning on Mental Health: Buffering Strategy for the Resilience of University Students. 18(13), 7098.

Drissi, N., Ouhbi, S., Marques, G., de la Torre Díez, I., Ghogho, M., & Janati Idrissi, M. A. (2021). A Systematic Literature Review on e-Mental Health Solutions to Assist Health Care Workers During COVID-19. Telemed J E Health, 27(6), 594-602. 10.1089/tmj.2020.0287

Fitzgerald, D. A., Scott, K. M., & Ryan, M. S. (2022). Blended and e-learning in pediatric education: harnessing lessons learned from the COVID-19 pandemic. Eur J Pediatr, 181(2), 447-452. 10.1007/s00431-021-04149-1

Jaoua, F., Almurad, H. M., Elshaer, I. A., & Mohamed, E. S. (2022). E-Learning Success Model in the Context of COVID-19 Pandemic in Higher Educational Institutions. Int J Environ Res Public Health, 19(5). 10.3390/ijerph19052865

Khlem, R., Kannappan, S. R., & Choudhury, P. P. (2022). Coronavirus disease-2019: Challenges, opportunities, and benefits in India. J Educ Health Promot, 11, 104. 10.4103/jehp.jehp_1397_21

López-Belmonte, J., Segura-Robles, A., Moreno-Guerrero, A. J., & Parra-González, M. E. (2021). Projection of E-Learning in Higher Education: A Study of Its Scientific Production in Web of Science. Eur J Investig Health Psychol Educ, 11(1), 20-32. 10.3390/ejihpe11010003

Machado, R. A., Bonan, P. R. F., Perez, D., & Martelli JÚnior, H. (2020). COVID-19 pandemic and the impact on dental education: discussing current and future perspectives. Braz Oral Res, 34, e083. 10.1590/1807-3107bor-2020.vol34.0083

Majumder, M. A. A., Gaur, U., Singh, K., Kandamaran, L., Gupta, S., Haque, M., & Rampersad, F. (2021). Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on radiology education, training, and practice: A narrative review. World J Radiol, 13(11), 354-370. 10.4329/wjr.v13.i11.354

Mheidly, N., Fares, M. Y., & Fares, J. (2020). Coping With Stress and Burnout Associated With Telecommunication and Online Learning. Front Public Health, 8, 574969. 10.3389/fpubh.2020.574969

Naciri, A., Radid, M., Kharbach, A., & Chemsi, G. (2021). E-learning in health professions education during the COVID-19 pandemic: a systematic review. J Educ Eval Health Prof, 18, 27. 10.3352/jeehp.2021.18.27

Nimavat, N., Singh, S., Fichadiya, N., Sharma, P., Patel, N., Kumar, M., & Pandit, N. (2021). Online Medical Education in India - Different Challenges and Probable Solutions in the Age of COVID-19. Adv Med Educ Pract, 12, 237-243. 10.2147/amep.S295728

Patano, A., Cirulli, N., Beretta, M., Plantamura, P., Inchingolo, A. D., Inchingolo, A. M., & Dipalma, G. (2021). Education Technology in Orthodontics and Paediatric Dentistry during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Systematic Review. Int J Environ Res Public Health, 18(11). 10.3390/ijerph18116056

Rani, R., Kumar, R., Mishra, R., & Sharma, S. K. (2021). Digital health: A panacea in COVID-19 crisis. J Family Med Prim Care, 10(1), 62-65. 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_1494_20

Santos, G. N. M., da Silva, H. E. C., Leite, A. F., Mesquita, C. R. M., Figueiredo, P. T. S., Stefani, C. M., & Melo, N. S. (2021). The scope of dental education during COVID-19 pandemic: A systematic review. J Dent Educ, 85(7), 1287-1300. 10.1002/jdd.12587

Sneyd, J. R., Mathoulin, S. E., O'Sullivan, E. P., So, V. C., Roberts, F. R., Paul, A. A., & Balkisson, M. A. (2020). Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on anaesthesia trainees and their training. Br J Anaesth, 125(4), 450-455. 10.1016/j.bja.2020.07.011




How to Cite

GONZALEZ ORTEGA, J. L. .; VILLALTA MENDOZA, F. M.; ALCIVAR RODRÍGUEZ, M. I. .; PIEDRA ARPI, C. D. .; SALAMEA GUEVARA, C. C. . E-learning and its impact on health sciences education as a consequence of the COVID-19 Pandemic: Literature review. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 11, n. 10, p. e445111033144, 2022. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i10.33144. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/33144. Acesso em: 4 oct. 2022.



Teaching and Education Sciences