Evaluation of land use and occupation in the Ribeirão Graipu sub-basin (MG): A proposal for the conservation of permanent protection areas (APP's)





Watersheds; Use of the soil; Geographic information system.


Anthropogenic activities such as the use and occupation of the soil irregularly and without prior planning, have been altering the quality and characteristics of the water, leading to the contamination of aquatic ecosystems. As a result, numerous disturbances occur in freshwater ecosystems, modifying the composition, abundance and diversity of the biota, which makes it imperative to apply an integrated management that limits the impacts of multiple uses of watersheds and their respective tributaries. The objective of this work is to present an evaluation of land use and occupation using the years 2000 and 2020 as a reference, in the sub-basin of the Graipu stream belonging to the municipality of Guanhães, mesoregion of Vale do Rio Doce (Minas Gerais / Brazil). To make the maps, the Geographic Information System (GIS) was used, through the geographic information system QGis version 3.22.1. The years 2000 (initial milestone of the water crisis) and 2020 were used as reference, based on the collection 6 of Coverage and Land Use of MapBiomas. The present study pointed out that there was a subtle growth of urban areas, forestry, forest formation and mosaic of agriculture and pasture in relation to the other areas. In addition, there was a reduction in land use for pasture purposes. In conclusion, it can be inferred that the results found may be related to the creation and implementation of public policies and the increase in discussions on the subject. It is also important to carry out environmental education work considering methodologies for protection and techniques for restoration and conservation of areas, promoting awareness activities, in addition to valuing ecological goods and services.

Author Biographies

Elisangela Cristina da Silva Costa, Universidade Federal de São Carlos

Experience with more than 10 years in the areas of Environment and Sustainability. He has a technical training in Biotechnology, a degree in Biological Sciences, an MBA in Environmental Restoration from the Federal University of São Carlos (UFSCar-Sorocaba), a professional master's degree in Sustainability and Environmental Technology from the Federal Institute of Science and Technology of Minas Gerais, postgraduate course in Systems Integrated Management in Quality, Safety, Environment and Sustainability.

Professional career developed in large mining companies such as VALE and Anglo American (FIEMG).
Considerable experience at VALE in the processes of water resources, research and development of projects for the recovery of degraded areas, conservation of biodiversity, ecological restoration and protection of endangered species, in addition to the production of technical reports and contract management. Experience as an Environmental Analyst in the Federação das Indústrias do Estado de Minas Gerais (FIEMG), in the processes of inspection of services, management of Water Resources (biotic and abiotic environment) in the Minas Rio de Anglo American System of the city of Conceição do Mato Dentro.

Jaciely Gabriela Melo da Silva, Universidade Federal de São Carlos

Bachelor's degree in Environmental Management from the School of Arts, Sciences and Humanities (EACH) of the University of São Paulo and Postgraduate degree in Forest Restoration from the Federal University of São Carlos (UFSCar). She was an intern for the Secretary of the Environment of the State of São Paulo, at the Center for Monitoring and Evaluation of Biodiversity Programs and Projects - CMAPPB, where she participated in the development of the environmental adequacy module - Environmental Regularization Program (PRA) of the State of São Paulo and updating the Rural Environmental Registry - CAR (SICAR SP) system. She is currently a Master's student in the Graduate Program in Planning and Use of Renewable Resources - PPGPUR at the Federal University of São Carlos (UFSCar), the research theme is: Quantification of carbon in native forest areas using remote sensing (focusing on in restoration areas by direct seeding).

Graziele Wolff de Almeida Carvalho, Instituto Federal de Ciência e Tecnologia de Minas Gerais

He graduated in Sanitary and Environmental Engineering (2006), has a master's degree in Applied Ecology (UFLA) and a PhD in Applied Ecology from the same institution. Currently she is a professor at IFMG. She works in the area of Applied Ecology with the use of bioindicators and studies of agroforestry systems.

José Mauro Santana da Silva, Universidade Federal de São Carlos

He holds a degree in Forestry Engineering from the Federal University of Viçosa (1993), scientific improvement in ecology and entomology (1994, 1995), a Master's degree in Forestry Science from the Federal University of Viçosa (1998) and a PhD in Irrigation and Drainage from Unesp-Botucatu. He has experience in the areas of Forestry Resources and Forestry Engineering, with an emphasis on Silviculture, working mainly on the following subjects: Tropical forestry, plant physiology, Seedling production and forestry. Member of LASEM- Laboratory of seeds and seedlings. Coordinator of the nursery for the production of forest seedlings in the Department of Environmental Sciences.


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How to Cite

COSTA, E. C. da S.; SILVA, J. G. M. da; CARVALHO, G. W. de A. .; SILVA, J. M. S. da . Evaluation of land use and occupation in the Ribeirão Graipu sub-basin (MG): A proposal for the conservation of permanent protection areas (APP’s). Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 12, n. 4, p. e7712441009, 2023. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v12i4.41009. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/41009. Acesso em: 3 dec. 2023.



Agrarian and Biological Sciences