Bullying behavior and accumulated physical activity in Brazilian schooled adolescents

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v9i9.7289

Keywords:

School bullying; Physical activity; Children; Adolescents.

Abstract

The present study aims to assess the association between bullying behavior, sociodemographic variables, and accumulated physical activity in Brazilian school children. This is a study with secondary data, using data from PeNSE 2015 Sample 2 (n = 10926). Binary logistic regression was used for data analysis to estimate the chance of occurrence of the phenomenon of bullying in the form of brute and adjusted Odds Ratio (OR). To verify the factors associated with bullying in Brazilian adolescents, the sample was stratified into "active" and "insufficiently active" in order to understand the behavior of bullying between each stratum. It was observed that males had twice as many chances (OR = 1.99; 95%CI 1.80 - 2.19) to present this bullying behavior when compared to females. It was found for the "active" stratum, an association between perpetrating bullying and males (OR = 2.21; 95%CI 1.82 - 2.67) and suffering bullying as self-perception (OR = 2.45; 95%CI 2.05 - 2.93). For the "insufficiently active", an association was noticed in the adjusted model between "perpetrating bullying" and males (OR = 1.88; 95%CI 1.65 - 2.13). It was noted that male adolescents who were bullied were more likely to be bullied. The results also suggest that in both the "active" and "insufficiently active" groups, those who perpetrate bullying are more likely to have been bullied, suggesting that the behavior of bullying is prior to physical activity.

Author Biographies

Mona Gizelle Dreger de Oliveira, State University of Feira de Santana (UEFS)

PhD student in Collective Health at the State University of Feira de Santana. Master in Physical Education at the Federal University of Sergipe, former FAPITEC/UFS scholarship holder. Graduated in Physical Education at the State University of Feira de Santana/BA. Specialist in Public Health from Faculdade Nobre (FAN), Feira de Santana/BA, Pilates Instructor from Active Pilates/BA. Researcher at the Núcleo Interdisciplinar de Estudos sobre Desigualdades em Saúde (NUDES/UEFS) and Núcleo de Pesquisa em Aptidão Física, Saúde e Desempenho de Sergipe (NUPAFISE/UFS). Experience in the area of Collective Health by the Interdisciplinary Nucleus of Studies on Violence and Health (NIEVS) in children and adolescents and former scholarship holder of Scientific Initiation PROBIC/UEFS. Areas of interest: public health, epidemiological studies, child and adolescent health, health inequalities, vulnerability, violence, risk behavior to adolescent health.

Felipe Souza Nery, Universidade Estadual de Feira de Santana

Professor Auxiliar A da Universidade Estadual de Feira de Santana. Doutor em Ciência pelo programa Pós-Graduação em Epidemiologia em Saúde Pública pela Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca (ENSP), Fiocruz, Rio de Janeiro/RJ e coordenador/pesquisador do Núcleo Interdisciplinar de Estudos sobre Desigualdades em Saúde (NUDES/UEFS). Possui graduação em Enfermagem pela Universidade Estadual de Feira de Santana (UEFS) e Mestrado em Saúde Coletiva pelo Programa de Pós-Graduação em Saúde Coletiva (UEFS). Atua principalmente nos seguintes temas: mortalidade geral e específica, saúde trabalho e ambiente, violência, homicídios, feminicídios, impunidade e populações vulneráveis.

Kenia Rejane de Oliveira Batista, Federal University of Sergipe (UFS)

Master in Physical Education, with the research line of Physical Activity Related to Health and Quality of Life, by the Federal University of Sergipe, concluded in April/2018. He holds a degree in Physical Education from the Tiradentes University (2008) and a degree in Physical Education from the Tiradentes University (2010). She acts as Superintendent, Academic Coordinator (Physical Education Degree, Physical Education Degree, Physiotherapy and Pedagogy) and lecturer (Physical Education Degree, Physical Education Degree, Physiotherapy and Pedagogy) at the Brazilian Regional College (FARB/UNIRB), at the Maceió/AL Unit. 

Josiene de Oliveira Couto, Federal University of Sergipe (UFS)

Graduated in Physical Education (Bachelor) from the Federal University of Sergipe, being a scholarship holder of the extension project "UFS em Movimento" and Scientific Initiation by the National Council for Scientific and Technological Development. Master in Physical Education from the Federal University of Sergipe (UFS) and scholarship holder of the Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Level Personnel (CAPES). Member of the Center for Research in Physical Fitness, Health and Performance of Sergipe (NUPAFISE)

Davi Pereira Monte Oliveira, Universidade Federal de Sergipe

Graduating in Physical Education from the Federal University of Sergipe (UFS). Scientific initiation scholar at CNPq. He was a volunteer member of the Education Program for the Work in Health PET/SUS Interprofessionality. Member of the Center for Research in Physical Fitness, Health and Performance of Sergipe (NUPAFISE).

Victor Matheus dos Santos Nascimento, Federal University of Sergipe (UFS)

Master in Physical Education (UFS). Member of the Center for Research in Physical Fitness, Health and Performance of Sergipe (NUPAFISE).

Raphael Henrique de Oliveira Araujo, Federal University of Sergipe (UFS)

He has a degree in Physical Education from the State University of Feira de Santana (2018), being a Monitoring and Extension Scholar. He obtained a master's degree in Physical Education from the Federal University of Sergipe (2020), acting as a fellow at the Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Level Personnel (CAPES). Currently participates in the Center for Research in Physical Fitness, Health and Physical Performance of Sergipe (NUPAFISE).

Cristiane Kelly Aquino dos Santos, Federal University of Sergipe (UFS)

He has a degree in Physical Education from the Federal University of Alagoas and a Bachelor's degree from Tiradentes University. Technician in water sports, Specialization in Family Health HU/UFS Master in Physical Education from the Federal University of Sergipe. PhD student in Health and Environment UNT/SE. She has experience in Physical Education, with emphasis on Water Sports, Dance, Measurement and Evaluation in Physical Education, Health-related Physical Activity and Quality of Life, Epidemiology, Biostatistics, Health Information Technology, Methodology of Dance Teaching, Physical Education and Adapted Sports and Methodology of Scientific Research teaching, working mainly on the following topics: Swimming, Health Related Water Activities, Adapted Water Activities, Physical Activity and Health Promotion in Schools; Risk Behaviors in Children and Adolescents; Physical Activity and Aging; Dance and Health Promotion; Multiprofessional Health Work; Community Physical Activity Programs; Biostatistics Applied to Physical Activity and Health; Information Technology in Health, Geoprocessing in Health, Use of Exams as Physical Activity and Health Promotion; and for the Teaching of Dance.

Roberto Jerônimo dos Santos Silva, Federal University of Sergipe (UFS)

He has a degree in Physical Education from the Federal University of Sergipe (1997), a Masters in Physical Education from the Federal University of Santa Catarina (2002) and a PhD in Health Sciences from the Federal University of Sergipe (2012). He is an Associate Professor of the Bachelor's Degree in Physical Education and the Master's Degree in Physical Education at the Federal University of Sergipe. Coordinator of the Center for Research in Physical Fitness, Health and Physical Performance of Sergipe (NUPAFISE). He is the Tutor of the Multiprofessional Residency in Family Health (UFS). He has experience in the area of Physical Education, with emphasis on Cineanthropometry and Physical Activity related to health, working mainly on the following topics: Physical Activity and Health Promotion; Risk Behaviors and quality of life in children and adolescents, Quality of Life in the Elderly, Education and Health Promotion, Physical Activity Epidemiology.

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Published

20/08/2020

How to Cite

Oliveira, M. G. D. de, Nery, F. S., Batista, K. R. de O., Couto, J. de O., Oliveira, D. P. M., Nascimento, V. M. dos S., Araujo, R. H. de O., Santos, C. K. A. dos, & Silva, R. J. dos S. (2020). Bullying behavior and accumulated physical activity in Brazilian schooled adolescents. Research, Society and Development, 9(9), e320997289. https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v9i9.7289

Issue

Section

Health Sciences