Sodium butyrate improves the performance of juvenile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus (Linneaus, 1758)
Keywords:Growth promoter; Hematology; Intestinal histology; Organic acid.
In order to evaluate the effect of sodium butyrate on the performance of juvenile tilapia 400 fish (28.55 ± 1.55 g) were used, distributed randomly in 20 tanks (250 L) connected in a closed water circulation system. For 55 days, five levels of sodium butyrate (0, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5 and 2.0 g kg-1) were tested, with each experimental unit represented by 20 fish. To evaluate the treatments, the zootechnical performance, the hepatosomatic index, the viscerosomatic relationship, the centesimal composition of the fish, the hematology and the histology of the intestine were analyzed. Significant differences were observed with quadratic behavior for fish weight gain and specific growth factor, with 1.21 g kg-1 being the best result found for weight gain, while for growth factor 1.13 g kg-1 of organic acid. The feed conversion and the viscerosomatic relationship showed linear behavior, reducing the values in relation to the increase in the level of sodium butyrate. In the hematological analysis, triglyceride levels showed a significant difference for the treatment with 0.5 g kg-1, which was 190.75 mg dl-1. In the histological analysis of the intestines and fish composition, there was no significant difference between treatments. The evaluated data demonstrate an effective action of sodium butyrate with the best result for fish performance at the level of 1.21 g kg-1.
Ahmed, H. & Sadek, K. M. (2015). Impact of dietary supplementation of sodium butyrate and/or protexin on the growth performance, some blood parameters, and immune response of Oreochromis niloticus. International Journal of Agriculture Innovations and Research, 3(4), 2319-1473. Retrieved from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/270902073_ impact_of_dietary_supplementation_of_sodium_butyrate_andor_protexin_on_the_growth_performance_some_blood_parameters_and_immune_response_of_oreochromis_niloticus/link/54bc95a90cf29e0cb04c0d48/download
Azevedo, T. M. P., Martins, M.L., Bozzo, F. R. & Moraes, F. R. (2006). Haematological and gill responses in parasitized Tilapia from Valley of Tijucas River, SC, Brazil. Scientia Agricola, 63(2), 115-120. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-90162006000200002
Corrêa, S. A. Fernandes, M. O. Iseki, K. K. & Negrão, J. A. (2003). Effect of the establishment of dominance relationships on cortisol and other metabolic parameters in Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, 36, 1725-1731. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-879X2003001200015
Figueiredo, H. C. P. & Leal, C. A. G. (2008). Tecnologias aplicadas em sanidade de peixes. Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia, 37(suplemento especial), 08-14. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1516-35982008001300002
Furuya, W. M, Furuya, V. R. B., Boscolo, W. R., Feiden, A., Cyrino, J. E. P., Pezzato, L.E. & Barros, M.M. (2012). Tabelas brasileiras para a nutrição de Tilápias. Scientia Agraria Paranaensis, 11(1), 19-34. 10.18188/1983-1471/sap.v11n1p19-34
Galfi, P. & Bokori, J. (1990). Feeding trial in pigs with a diet containin sodium butyrate. Acta Veterinaria Hungarica, 38 (1–2), 3-17. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/21054969_Feeding_trial_in_pigs_with_a_diet_containing_sodium_n-butyrate
Hernandéz-Serrano, P. (2005). Responsible use of antibiotics in aquaculture. Rome: FAO Fisheries Techinical Paper. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/239587893_ Responsible_Use_of_Antibiotics_in_Aquaculture
Hrubec, T. C., Cardinale, J. L. & Smith, S. A. (2000). Hematology and plasma chemistry reference intervals for cultured tilapia (Oreochromis Hybrid). Veterinary Clinical Pathology, 29(1), 7-12. 10.1111/j.1939-165x.2000.tb00389.x
Jesus, G. F. A., Pereira, S. A., Owatari, M. S., Addam, K., Silva, B. C., Sterzelecki, F. C., Sugai, J. K., Cardoso, L., Jatobá, A. Mouriño, J. L. P. & Martins, M. L. (2019). Use of protected forms of sodium butyrate benefit the development and intestinal health of Nile tilapia during the sexual reversion period. Aquaculture, 504, 326-333. 10.1016/J.AQUACULTURE.2019.02.018
Jobling, M. (1995). Environmental biology of fishes. Fish and fisheries series. London: Chapman and Hall.
Kotunia, A., Wolinski, J, Laubitz, D., Jurkowska, M., Rome, V., Guilloteau, P. & Zabielski, R. (2004). Effect of sodium butyrate on the small intestine development in neonatal piglets fed (correction of feed) by artificial sow. Journal Physiology and Pharmacology, 55(Suppl 2), 59–68. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/15608361/
Kowalska, A., Zakés, Z., Jankowaska, B. & Siwicki, A. (2010). Impact of diets with vegetable oils on the growth, histological structure of internal organs, biochemical blood parameters, and proximate composition of pike perch Sander lucioperca (L.). Aquaculture, 301, 69–77. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2010.01.028
Lim, C., Lückstädt, C. & Klesius, P. H. (2010). Review: Use of Organic Acids, Salts in Fish Diets. Global Aquaculture Advocate, 30. http://www.wfish.de/fulltext/GAA-2010.pdf
Liu, M., Guo, W., Wu, F., Qu, Q., Tan, Q. & Gong, W. (2016). Dietary supplementation of sodium butyrate may benefit growth performance and intestinal function in juvenile grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idellus). Aquaculture Research, 1 – 10. https://doi.org/10.1111/are.13230
Longi, E., Pretto-Giordano, L. G. & Muller, E. E. (2012). Avaliação da eficácia de vacina autóctone de Streptococcus agalactiae inativado aplicada por banho de imersão em tilápia do Nilo (Oreochromis niloticus). Semina: Ciências Agrárias, 33, 3191-3200. 10.5433/1679-0359.2012v33Supl2p3191
Lückstädt, C. (2008). The use of acidifiers in fish nutrition. Perspectives in Agriculture, Veterinary Science, Nutrition and Natural Resources, 44(3), 1-8. 10.1079/PAVSNNR20083044
Luz, J. R., Ramos, A. P. S., Melo, J. F. B. & Braga, L. G. T. Use of sodium butyrate in the feeding of Arapaima gigas (Schinz, 1822) juvenile. Aquaculture, 510, 248 – 255. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2019.05.065
Metwally, M. A. A., 2009. Effect of garlic (Allium sativum) on some heavy metal (Copper and Zinc) induced alteration in serum lipid profile of Oreochromis niloticus. World Journal of Fish and Marine Science,1, 01-06. https://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.545.9416&rep=rep1&type=pdf
Mountzouris, K. C., Balaskas, C., Fava, F., Touhy, K. M., Gibson, G. R. & Fegeros, K. (2006). Profiling of composition and metabolic activities of the colonic microflora of growing pigs fed diets supplemented with prebiotic oligosaccharides. Anaerobe, 12 (4), 178-185. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anaerobe.2006.04.001
Ogunji, J. O., Kloas, W., Wirth, M., Neumann, N. & Pietsch, C. (2007). Effect of housefly maggot meal (magmeal) diets on the performance, concentration of plasma glucose, cortisol and blood characteristics of Oreochromis niloticus fingerlings. Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition, 92, 511–518. 10.1111/j.1439-0396.2007.00745.x
Pereira, A. S. et al. (2018). Methodology of cientific research. [e-Book]. Santa Maria City. UAB / NTE / UFSM Editors. Available at: https://repositorio.ufsm.br/ bitstream/handle/1/15824/Lic_Computacao_Metodologia-Pesquisa-Cientifica.pdf?sequence=1.
Portz, L. (2006). Recentes avanços na imuno-nutrição de peixes. In: Silva- Souza, A.T. (Org.). Sanidade de organismos aquáticos no Brasil. Maringá.
Robles, R., Lozano, A. B., Sevilla, A., Márquez, L., Nuez-Ortín, W. & Moyano, F. J. (2013). Effect of partially protected butyrate used as feed additive on growth and intestinal metabolism in sea bream (Sparus aurata). Fish Physiology Biochemistry, 39, 1567–1580. 10.1007/s10695-013-9809-3
Romano, N., Koh, C-B. & Ng, W- K. (2015). Dietary microencapsulated organic acids blend enhances growth, phosphorus utilization, immune response, hepatopancreatic integrity and resistence against Vibrio harveyi in with shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei. Aquaculture, 435, 228-236. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2014.09.037
Sena, M. F., De Azevedo, R. V., Ramos, A. P. S., Carvalho, J. S. O., Costa, L. B. & Braga, L. G. T. (2012). Mesquite bean and cassava leaf in diets for Nile tilapia in growth. Acta Scientiarum, Animal Science, 34(3), 231-237. https://doi.org/10.4025/actascianimsci.v34i3.13175
Tavares-Dias, M. (2006). A morphological and cytochemical study of erythrocytes, thrombocytes and leukocytes in four freshwater teleosts. Journal of Fish Biology, 68, 1822-1833. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8649.2006.01089.x
Wang, X., Chen, M., Wang, K. & Ye, J. Growth and metabolic responses in Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) subjected to varied starch and protein levels of diets. Italian Journal of Animal Science, 16(2), 308-316. https://doi.org/10.1080/1828051X.2016.1275953
Wing-Keong, Ng., Koh, C. B., Sudesh, K. & Siti-Zahrah, A. (2009). Effects of dietary organic acids on growth, nutrient digestibility and gut microﬂora of red hybrid tilapia, Oreochromis sp., and subsequent survival during a challenge test with Streptococcus agalactiae. Aquaculture Research, 40, 1490-1500. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2109.2009.02249.x
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2020 Bruno de Figueirêdo Urach; Ana Paula de Souza Ramos; Joaldo Rocha Luz; Francisco Oliveira de Magalhães Júnior; Marianne Schorer; Luis Gustavo Tavares Braga
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
1) Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
2) Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
3) Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.